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Gender differences in the language use of text messages

2020-05-28 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 写作技巧

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下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文-Gender differences in the language use of text messages本节详细介绍了用于评估假设的方法。由于提出了两种假设:(a)男性和女性在短信使用的语言上会有所不同。女人更精巧,她们使用更多表情符号,她们更富有表现力,而男子也许会讲更多笑话,使用更少的单词和更多的缩写,(b)文字信息在语言使用上的性别差异将取决于文字的生物学性别。伙伴。具体而言,性别差异在性别内部交流中比在性别之间交流中更为明显,该研究将使用定量研究方法进行,例如实验和调查问卷。我之所以选择定量方法论方法(包括调查问卷)进行研究的原因是,定量方法已被科学家广泛用于各种环境中,包括例如社交网络,移动通信和行为的研究。沟通者,数据易于量化。定量研究涉及收集测量多个变量的数值数据,仅揭示一个客观事实或真相。因此,在以下研究中将使用定量方法。这项工作的更广泛发现将被未来的研究人员用作跳板,以扩大我们对性别间交流的理解。

  

Gender differences in the language use of text messages

 

Statement of Method

  This section details the methodology that will be used to assess the hypotheses. Since there are two hypotheses presented: (a) Men and women will differ in the language use of text messages. Women are more elaboration, they use more emojis, they are more expressive while male maybe tell more jokes, use less words and more abbreviation, (b) Gender differences in the language use of text messages will be qualified by the biological sex of the texting partner. Specifically, gender differences will be more pronounced in intra-gender communication than in inter-gender communication, this research will be conducted using quantitative research methods, such as experiments and survey questionnaires. The reason why I chose quantitative methodological approach, including survey questionnaires, to study is that quantitative methods have been widely used by scientists in a range of contexts, including, for example, the study of social networking, of mobile communication and of the behaviors of communicators, where data are easily quantified. Quantitative studies, involves collecting numerical data that measures multiple variables, reveal only one objective reality or truth Consequently, quantitative methods will be used in the following study. and the broader findings of this work could then be used as a springboard by future researchers to expand our understanding of inter-gender communication.

Design Proposed

  To support my hypotheses, surveys, a quantitative research technique, are used to collect information on attitudes, behaviors, cognitions, and demographics. Surveys collect data and produce reports about a larger population through the questioning of a much smaller, and representative sample. A sample of people is surveyed as they respond to “…a self-report questionnaire…where the resulting quantitative data is used to study relationships between the variables” (Punch ix).Moreover, surveys are efficient and beneficial research tools for various reasons: surveys can be dispensed to many participants at once; surveys are relatively inexpensive methods by which to collect data; surveys produce results that are easy to analyze; and surveys produce generalizable results that can be applied to a larger population (Aaron 190).Meanwhile, I will propose a questionnaire in the survey, including large quantities of open ended questions which can help me examine the differences between male and female while texting.

Participants

  The cross-gender nature of the study requires recruitment of participants from two major gender groups: Male and Female. Participants will be young adults from the George Washington University, between the ages of 18 and 30,who are common participants of mobile communication. They will be recruited through convenience sampling. To maintain the reliability of this study and reduce the inaccuracy, a majority of participants (N = 50) will be drawn and contacted by e-mail, phone, or word-of-mouth to help facilitate the recruitment processes. A 5~10-minute recruitment session will be arranged. An equal number of male and female participants from each gender group will be recruited to rule out the potential confounding effect of population.

Procedures and Hypothetical Scenarios

  As mentioned above, the main key variables of this survey is gender, so in order to identify different reactions between male and female, the first step will involve posing hypothetical scenarios to participants and noting their responses, in order to gain access to a large enough sample of candidates that meet these criteria. Sign-up sheets will be passed around to students in the recruitment session. Those who wish to participate in the study will be asked to leave their name, phone number, and email address on the sign-up sheet for further contact. Participants from the same cultural group will be randomly paired up to form same-sex dyads, in order to rule out the confounding effort of nationality. After the scenario (texting with your friends or boy/girlfriend), which says that if your friends or boy/girlfriends text you about what do you want to do in weekends is precented, participants will be asked to write down their feedback on a piece of paper. If emojis are used, use “□” to replace them. In the end, each gender group will receive the same questionnaire sheet filled with open ended questions like “How often do you use abbreviation/emoticon like ‘LOL(laugh out loud)’ ‘LMAO(laugh my ass off)’in instant texting?” Also, there will also be a question like: “According to your observation, do you agree that female are more emotional and male are inexpressive when texting”, participants will be instructed to select the response for each question that best represents their own opinion.(0=not true,1=somewhat true,2=very true).After collecting answers to this question, assumption that women are more willing to express their feelings can be made.

  Furthermore, to support my second hypotheses, after participants hand in all their answers to our conductors, they will be asked to write down their feedback to the exact same aforementioned question, but to the opposite gender this time. In order to maintain the validity of my study, all the information from the surveys will be compared to the real life data collected from the participants via the survey and their actual texts. After analyzing the differences between the answers, we are expected to have a conclusion that the message content and the length/style depends on who are you texting with.

  In general, the survey will begin with scenarios to engage the participants and maintain their interest, and will close with mobile messages-related questions. All of the questions are irrelevant to the proposed study so that respondents will not be able to figure out what the study intends to reveal, and to ensure that participants read every question carefully while offering thoughtful and precise answers.

Instrumentation

  This study includes questionnaires designed to measure participants’ gender stereotype about texting and different reactions to different gender (see Appendix 1).

  The first six questions are about demographic information of participants, including their gender, age, nationality, brought-up place, educational level and texting experience.

  The next part is divided into two scenarios, one with specific gender differences and another not. First, seven items on 5-point scales assess the degree to which they perceive their own texting habits (e.g. whether or not using complete sentences, emoticons and abbreviations). The next scenario also consists of the same seven items on 5-point scales. However, the situation changed into the texting habits when they text a friend in different gender. All scales were bounded by the endpoints disagree and agree plus the adjective “Strongly”.

  The last part is “multiple choices”. In this section, more specific questions are raised for the participants (e.g. specific emoticons like LOL and how you will text in a set scene). In this section, I will directly find out the participants’ ideas about different genders’ texting style and feelings. An index for each measure will then be computed by averaging the scores of the items that load on the same factor. I anticipate that female are more emotional with more emoticon use while male are likely to express their ideas briefly and vividly.

Discussions

  In conclusion, this study is designed to assess gender differences in the use of texting message and whether gender differences are more or less pronounced depending on the biological sex of the text. In addition, the research will answer for the following questions: Do men and women differ in the way they text friends, and if so, how? My study aims to contribute to current literature by conducting a cross-gender investigation. Firstly, the study examines the role of gender in texting among friends. Secondly, by conducting a survey, this study can specifically list some differences of the way male and female text. Thirdly, this study seeks to promote two hypotheses about the way male and female text:(a) Women are more elaboration; they use more emojis and are more expressive while men are probably more humorous, using less words and more abbreviation. Gender differences in the language use of texting messages will be qualified by the biological sex of the texting partner. Specifically, gender differences will be more pronounced in inter-gender communication than in inter-gender communication, (b) The message content and the length/style depends on who are you texting with.

  Despite all the contributions, there are limitations in the study’s samples and design that may present a need for caution in its interpretation. Given the participation of human subjects in the process of survey data collection, the ethical treatment of these human beings is a primary limitation of this proposed study. It is important to ensure that all subjects are aware of what participation in the study entitles before they agree to be a part of it. Therefore, all selected interviewees will be informed specifically that they will be recorded as an anonymous subject, and that their words will be analyzed throughout the whole process. What’s more, the survey should be improved by setting more scenes.

  Despite its limitations, the study desires to extend existing study on gender, emotion, and inter-gender communication in significant ways. In an increasingly globalized world, the more theoretically equipped we are to understand how different the way male and female text, the more capable we are of offering useful advice to inter-gender communication effectively.

  

 

Reference List

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Bochner, Arthur P., and Eric M. Eisenberg. "Legitimizing Speech Communication: An

Examination of Coherence and Cohesion in the Development of the Discipline." (1985):

299-321.  

Cissna, Kenneth N., Arthur P. Bochner, and Dennis E. Cox. "The dialectic of marital and

parental relationships within the stepfamily." Communications Monographs 57.1 (1990):

Punch, Keith F. Survey Research: the basics. London: SAGE Publications Ltd, 2003. Print.

Quinton, Brian. “Studies Chart Facebook’s Popularity, Market Share, Viral Power.” Promo

Michael Szell & Stefan Thurner -”How women organize social networks

different from men” Sci. U.S.A. (2013).

Online. Penton Media Inc., 16 Mar. 2010. Web. 2 Nov. 2013.  

R. R. Thompson, K. George, J. C. Walton, S. P. Orr, J. Benson, Sex-specific influences of vasopressin on human social communication. Proc. Natl. Acad. -“Men See Foes and Women See Friends”Sci. U.S.A. 103, 7889-7894 (2006).

Sale, Joanna E.M., Lynne H. Lohfeld, and Kevin Brazil. “Revisiting the Quantitative-Qualitative

Debate: Implications for Mixed-Method Research.” Quality & Quantity 36.1 (2002): 43-

53. Web. 16 Nov. 2013.

 

 

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