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Summary of Tom Bethell’s Darwin’s Mistake

2020-05-18 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 写作技巧

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下面51due教员组为大家整理一篇优秀的代写范文- Summary of Tom Bethells Darwins Mistake,供大家参考学习。这篇文章讲述的是在《达尔文的错误》一书中,汤姆·贝瑟尔主要论述了达尔文所犯的错误,他谈到了这个错误是什么,这个错误带来了什么影响,为什么这个错误会出现在达尔文身上等等,更具体地说,作者首先提到达尔文的自然选择可以用来解释生命的形式和它们是由一个渐进的转变过程演变而来的,他进一步断言了达尔文自然选择理论的合理性。

Summary of Tom Bethells Darwins Mistake

In Darwins Mistake, Tom Bethell mainly deals with the mistake Darwin has made and he has talked about what the mistake is, what influence that mistake has brought, why the mistake will appear on Darwin, etc. To put it more specifically, the author firstly mentions that Darwin’s natural selection can be used to explain the existence of various forms of life and they are evolved by a process of gradual transformation and he further asserts the rationality of Darwin’s natural selection theory. “Survival of the fittest” andstruggle for existence” contained in Darwin’s natural selection theory can well explain all life is evolution from more primitive life.

However, the author later puts forward that there is evolution debate so that Darwin’s theory is on the verge of collapse. The more detailed information given by the author is that Darwin has actually made such a serious mistake that undermines his theory a lot, leading to his discovery being seen as nothing more than the Victorian propensity to believe in progress. The author has also supported his view through stating that Darwin has written that natural selection was an idea rather than a discovery at the end of the book Origin of Species. Afterwards, the author finds that similar idea has appeared before Darwin and Darwin just reaches the natural selection theory by analogy.

Concerning this, the specific mistake that Darwin has made is that he holds that his analogy is valid and there are really independent criteria of fitness. In addition, the author gives the reason why Darwin would make that mistake and the specific reason is that Darwin lives in a society where change is nearly always perceived as being for the good. Due to the incidence of the mistake, the author illustrates that Darwin’s natural selection theory looks suspiciously like a tautology and that theory is not in the status of scientific theory as in the past. Based on this, the author further raises that the evolutionary theorists has already looked at natural selection differently from Darwin so that they are not greatly bothered by Darwin’s theory’s being admitted as tautological in the due time. Besides, the author as well suggests that Darwin’s theory would be testable but not tautological if he has not made that mistake.

Because of Darwin’s natural selection theory is recognized as tautological, the author has referred to the necessity of redefining selection and natural selection is redefined in the way that some things leave more offspring than others. What has been especially pointed out by the author is that this redefined natural selection can only be used to explain how horses and tigers became more or less numerous without the competence to answer how they appeared in the beginning, which shows the defect of the redefined natural selection theory to a certain degree. Therefore the author specifies that the redefined natural selection theory still calls for future research in approaching days at last, the so-called onward and upward.

 

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