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Green Party

2020-05-26 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Paper范文

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当今时代,人们对物质生活逐渐满意,同时也变得更加独立,提高了推进改革和监督政府当家作主的意识。政治不再是少数利益集团关注的话题,而是公民关注的公共事务。因此,1983年成立的加拿大绿党应运而生。与传统政党不同,绿党的出发点是超越阶级界限的全人类。绿党的追求涉及方方面面,但每一个方面都与人们的日常生活息息相关。加拿大绿党为实现生态可持续、基层民主、社会公正和世界和平的目标,在具体领域作出了巨大努力。

In present times, people gradually get satisfied with material life, and simultaneously, they become more independent, raising the awareness to promote the reform and supervise the government as the masters of the country. Politics are no longer a subject that matters a few interest groups but are public affairs what citizens pay attention to. Therefore, founded in 1983, Green Party of Canada emerges as the time requires. Different from traditional parties, the starting point of green party is all humanity, which is beyond class limitation. The pursues of green party involve various aspects, but each of them is closely related with people’s daily life. Green Party of Canada has made great efforts in detailed fields in order to achieve the goals of ecological sustainability, grass-root democracy, social justice and world peace. Modern citizens are not contented with the present political situation anymore, thus a brand new political demand was born and the civic consciousness starts to force people to center around other areas. This dissertation mainly focus on four popular topics that influence profoundly, which are labor right, copyright, privacy and surveillance, and pollution. Nowadays, the labor problems have become a severe issue. More and more people are suffering from long working hours and extra unpaid working time. Meanwhile, the safeguard of our intellectual assets and privacy are far from being enough. What’s more, our planet has been damaged since the lack of protection. However, all these fields are closely related to our daily life, which deserve to be in the spotlight.

In this simulation, our group represents as  Green Party members. To begin with, the first goal of our party is to protect the labor right for the workers in Canada.  In Green Party website, the leader of Green Party, Elizabeth May said that,

There is growing concern over the state of labor standards amid reports that unpaid overtime is on the rise and the International labor Organization’s condemnation of Canada as one of the world’s worst violators of basic labor rights. This is particularly serious in an immigrant-rich society such as Canada’s where many newcomers may not be aware of their rights” (Green Party of Canada 2007).

At present, more and more people are dissatisfied with their long working hours and additional unpaid  working time. Some of them even do not know that it is not allowed in the labor rights of Canada. According to survey reports of the IGDA, “...almost 60% work 46 hours or more a week, and nearly 20% work over 55 hours. These hours are subject to regular intensifications, with one interviewee telling us digital play is an industry where ‘circadian rhythm is regularly broken’” (Dyer-Witheford and Greig 2006). This is really a huge number of people who work over 10 hours without break. We need to protect the right of those workers and avoid the additional work beyond the regular working hours with no payment. The long working hours and the additional unpaid work not only impair worker’s health and the work enthusiasm, but also influence family's harmony and society relationship.

In the weekly reading of week 8, the reading reports that, “Along with a severe work regimen, workers highlight stress and health issues. Asked how they felt after extended periods of crunch time, the responses of workers interviewed by the IGDA ranged from ‘exhausted’ to ‘flipped out’” (Dyer-Witheford and Greig 2006).  Because of the continuously long working hours without break, workers are bearing huge stress while working. Also, this issue has led to health problems. For example, employees in EA Spouse Company which is a video game company, need to focus deep concentration on the work and think creatively in order to design high-quality products. However, they do not have enough time to take a break, which brings about the mental pressure and health problems. We need to guarantee the sufficient break time for workers so as to protect their health. Also, undoubtedly, additional work outside of the regular work time is inevitable in the fast-paced society nowadays, but the guarantee of extra payment that employees deserve to get should be achieved.

Nick Dyer-Witheford and Greig de Peuter claim that, “Some of the most tragic aspects of the picture emerging in the wake of EA Spouse's disclosures are the testimonials about social and domestic relationships” (Dyer-Witheford and Greig 2006). Some members from employees’ family blame that the employees can not have enough free time to be with their family and friends. A small part of male workers get divorce, because they do not have enough time to care about their wives and children. This issue is influential to the relationship between workers and their family members. What’s more, some of the workers become alcoholics as they are suffering from the heavy stress from the work, the loss of family and the longing for their children.

Nowadays, copyright is very important in our society as it represents respect to the creators and artists, but the phenomenon of copyright infringement is prevalent. As we all know “the vast majority of nations are signatories to the Berne Convention, which sets the minimum copyright term at fifty years after the death of the author” (Trendacosta 2015). There are many works that become no copyright or public domain every years. For instance, one of the most famous novels, James Bond series of novel, written by Ian Fleming, became a public domain in January 1st, 2015. Some people discuss this decision because people can rewrite anything of that work after the copyright expires. “When the term of copyright expires, the exclusive rights of the copyright owner are extinguished. This means that someone can do something that would have infringed copyright if it had taken place during the term of copyright protection, without infringing copyright (like publishing multiple copies of the work for sale within Canada, or creating a movie adaptation of the work for commercial distribution within Canada)” (Trendacosta 2015). Many people think the expire of the term for copyright is not long enough so that they want to extend the limit.

Not only people worry about the copyright, government is also more and more concerned about the infringement of copyright. The government wants to rewrite the bill. There are several rules that they want to change, and one of the change is that “copyright term extension from lifetime of the creator plus 50 years to life plus 70 years” (Winseck 2012). Through this decision, the proposed law of copyright can protect the creators’ works better and longer. Furthermore,  a sound market competition can be kept if the copyright is well preserved,

What’s more, in our course, privacy and surveillance are the two terms which we have discussed before. As we know, privacy is own information about people that they can choose to share with or not. Nevertheless, monitoring the behavior and information without people’s allowance is called surveillance. Privacy and surveillance are two terms that inextricably link in some way. Social networking services (SNS) are very popular and tightly life-related in people’s daily time. For example, there are huge amount of people using Facebook in the world which has become a common knowledge. Because of this phenomenon, privacy and surveillance online could be an issue therein. According to Siva, there are four different types of privacy interfaces existing in the society nowadays: person to person, person to corporation, person to country and person to public ( 50-51 ). When children grow up and learn different skills to negotiate with others, privacy strategies are sprouting. For example, teenagers lie to their parents if they do something which is not allowed. This is the first type of privacy interfaces (Vaidhyanathan 50-51). Second, when people reveal their personal numbers for getting the discount card at grocery store or bookstore, the private information of them will be disclosed in virtually (Vaidhyanathan 51). Siva has indicated that the third type of privacy interface is significant. Country can easily track people through all of their personal records, and have authority of legitimate violence, imprisonment and deportation (51). For the last type, there are two serious examples for it. The “ Star Wars kid ”, a high-school student who has been posted an online video of him playing as he had a Star Wars saber. This caused the boy from sustaining a super humiliation and his family was forced to move to another place for escaping the annoying condition helplessly (Vaidhyanathan 51). The “dog-poop girl” is a Korean woman who had been taken picture and posted online after she refused to clean up her dog’s poop on the subway. Just for a few days later, her personal information had been discovered which included her name, address, phone number and inaugural company. The woman herself , even her friends and relatives suffered harassment after that (Vaidhyanathan 51). In these two cases, we may realize that managing our online reputation is very important for everyone. Under the condition of this powerful and widely social networking, falling into a bad dragnet for people can happen at any time. However, using the network to muckrake could be advocated. Therefore, we can say that both of privacy and surveillance have dual characters. In the simulation, as we want people to vote for our party, we might only reveal the better side of us to others. It is like the privacy which we select to present. But people have their ability to discover the drawbacks of us which verify the surveillance side. On the official website of Privacy statement of Green party of Canada  which states that,

Our commitment to your privacy (this policy is in effect September 25, 2004). We use security measures to protect against the loss, misuse and alteration of data used by our system. Security audits are conducted periodically to ensure the integrity of our systems (no page).

This statement could possibly demonstrate how Green party of Canada promises to public for protecting the personal information. Meanwhile, green party of Canada also states that they are feeling very proud to join with OpenMedia to against mass online surveillance (Green party no page).

The above subjects are centered on human and society, while the following point of focus is shifted to the environment as the pollution is more and more serious. There are some organizations working on environmental problems in order to investigate the source of pollution and find methods to solve it. On the one hand, with the development of various high technology, more and more pollution is produced by the least environmental friendly technologies such as air and water pollution. On the other hand, with the increasing population, more and more people  produce garbage in the world. As a result, the Green Party of Canada which has paid close attention on environment will strongly promote the government to care about environmental problems. According to reading, “Such environmental problems are often seen as primarily economic, technological, regulatory, or political issues” (Bryant, Communication and the Environment in the Age of the " Small Planet", 2007). The environmental problem is dramatic and serious that is dangerous for everyone in the world. However, many people do not treat environment as a main and important problem, and they focus more on how to increase economic growth and develop new technology.  Everyone has responsibility to protect environment and make this world more beautiful and clean. But maybe the power of a single person is not strong enough. So we should appeal and supervise with each other to protect environment and use some effective ways to reduce pollution and clean our world which is also a good way to protect our health. For example, students can walk to school instead of driving whose homes are not far away from school which can reduce air pollution. Besides, it also can release traffic jam. “In particular, how can we account for the fact that most North Americans at least acknowledge that environmental degradation is occurring and many of us would agree that it is, indeed, reaching crisis proportions, yet we seem to choose to live our everyday lives in fundamentally environmentally unsustainable ways? Given their focus on profit generation, corporations are not likely to take the lead on environmental issues.” However, some people think that environmental problem does not endanger their daily life such as food and water obviously. Besides, they think that environment issues do not influence their economic profit, so people do not care about the environment now.  Hypothetically, if one day the environmental problem endangers water, ingredients, fruit, and area so that water is no longer clean, ingredient is rot, and area is poisonous, then people will worry about and think about how to solve the problem, but it will be too late to conserve our only planet. Hence, people should focus on environmental problem now.  It is difficult to prevent disasters once the dangers happen and ruin our life.

With the advancement of democratic awareness, public are more and more concerned about politic issues, and hope to assume the social responsibility as citizens. Civic consciousness is a product of social development, which is an approach to realize modernization. Through the study of Green Party of Canada, more detailed aspects of the society which used to be ignored or little understood are attracting public’s attention so as to propel reform in such areas. First of all, environmental protection is an ever-lasting theme because earth is the only planet so far in the solar system to support life. Nevertheless, pollution such as effluent and greenhouse effect are threatening the ecosystem into a vicious circle. Besides pollution, there are also other kinds of damages, like deforestation and species extinction, cause irreparable harm to the environment. Harsh measures should be carried out to preserve the ecological system. It is essential to live and let live. Furthermore, labor right plays an important role in maintaining social relationship. Disregard towards rational labor right can lead to potential social turbulence. Next, protecting intellectual property rights is not only a behavior to show respect to the creators and artists, but also an action to safeguard the sound market competition. Last but not least, if privacy leakage and illegal surveillance continues to be worsened, people’s life safety and property are placed in jeopardy. In conclusion, the rising civic consciousness shifts people’s mind in concerning more about the society. However, the solution of these issues is not an overnight process that needs efforts from government as well as public step by step.

 

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