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美国作业代写:Advantages of the Australian dairy industry

2017-12-07 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Advantages of the Australian dairy industry,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了澳大利亚乳制品行业的优势。在乳制品行业的发展中,澳大利亚无疑是中国强大的竞争对手。与中国的乳制品行业想比,澳大利亚的优势在于拥有更多的好牧场,水源丰富,茂盛的草地,非常适合畜牧业。

Australian dairy industry,澳大利亚乳制品,essay代写,paper代写,美国作业代写

China's accession to the WTO dairy industry is gradually liberalized, under such conditions, the potential threat of the Chinese dairy industry should be Australia's dairy industry, where production of milk than the Chinese in most parts of the production of low milk prices 25% to 30%. In recent years, the Australian dairy industry is showing through the restructuring of the new look and vitality.

Between Australia and China Dairy another potential threat to New Zealand, is rare in the world dairy industry, ideal for farms, milk production, put in the minimum. There is abundant water, lush grass, is a rare piece of good pasture. In Australia, this first-class pasture. In addition, some other place is also very suitable for animal husbandry.

Australian production of milk accounted for 2% of the total world milk. Increasing the number of cows and outputs, resulting in increasing milk production in recent years. When the increase in the number of herds, the number of pastures in Australia decreased, reduced from 15,396 in 1990 to 12,888 in 1999, while the average herd number rose from 77 in 1975 to 2000, 170.

In Australia, milk is the habit that is listed milk, drinking milk, processed milk, "for the production of milk.

According to statistics listed milk accounted for the milk of the total market existing decline, per capita milk consumption has not changed, the export of processed milk reason to rise again. Over the years, subject to the regulations, the average price of milk to market in the 1990s of the last century is nearly twice that for the prices of processed milk.

Nearly 60 percent of the processed milk in Australia (86,000 tons) of liquid milk, milk 413,000 tons (125,000 tons), butter and cheese (222,000 tons), the form of exports. A large number of exports to Australia 15% of the international dairy trade, after the European Union (34 percent) and New Zealand (30%) ranked third in the world.

Victoria has only 3 percent of the national land, but the best of animal husbandry and environmental conditions, with 60% of the Australian ranch, producing 62 percent of the nation's milk. New South Wales is Australia's second largest milk producing area, producing 13 percent of the country's milk.

The Australian dairy industry presents intensive characteristics

In recent years, the Australian dairy industry structure has begun to achieve intensive, five Group (Morey - high in this ensure Mubarak food, dairy farmer groups, the national dairy and Australia, Nestle), this large group of milk production accounted for 74% of the national milk production. Three major groups since before the merger, this one occupies 60% of the national milk production after the merger.

In the 1980s, the Australian Government on the country's exports of dairy products per liter of 0.01 plus subsidies to accession to the WTO in 1995, this subsidy was canceled. In the past, support the national market "(DMS) program emphasized the need to support their own industries in Australia. In this plan under the guidance of beverage milk and processed milk prices in the domestic market has increased, the plan to end on June 30, 2000.

The last century, the 1990s, some individual states through the quota system or the centralized management of the state, control the source of milk, distribution and market price. The relevant decrees of the state not only affects the development of truly national drink milk market, and make imported products more competitive in the country. For example, New Zealand 15% of the Australian cheese market share.

Victoria 90% of financial support, but here the largest manufacturer of or interested in the merger, competition policy can be developed from the state to grasp the intention of the Government: the Victoria industry to merge. Victoria's owners believe that their exports more competitive than other states. Subsidies on the merger plan, its prospects are not the footsteps of the early end of step DMS. The plan also unified the thinking of the owners of other states, especially some states, owners are being merged.

Australian Government plan to merge or the progress of the enterprise to provide $ 1 billion in subsidies, according to statistics from 1998 to 1999, giving a subsidy of $ 0.27 plus per liter of market milk and processed milk subsidies 0.05 plus per liter million. This plan in eight years to complete payment on a quarterly basis.

Dairy Industry analysts predict that milk retail price will remain unchanged or slightly floating. Whatever the case, Victoria prices will dominate the market prices of dairy products. It is foreseeable that, when the herd average rose to about 300, the number of pasture will be reduced by 30%. That is, the greater the pasture, the higher the efficiency.

Before the merger, many dairy companies is heavily in debt. After the merger, not only is the number of loss-making enterprises in reducing, and major landlords to provide a higher production efficiency.

Dairy Australia's largest competitors in New Zealand will be more pastoral land out of the situation of dairy production, the Australian Animal feed is sufficient, the advantage of low production costs, this advantage will also be the Australian dairy industry in the world market a big advantage to compete with New Zealand.

Multinational corporations rule the roost in Australia

Since mergers and acquisitions began, there have been many structural adjustment programs, some have been adopted, and some also advocated.

In the 1998 merger of Queensland Paul dairy Group Parmalat, in 2000, a strong desire to merger dairy farmers group, but failed merger talks with the State Food and gave up. Paul Mubarak funds running more and more difficult, have to consider merger with dairy farmer groups, and later, the successful cooperation of the Group and the New Zealand Dairy Bureau (NZDB). After the success of cooperation, NZDB has a 25% stake in the company and take over its export business in New Zealand.

In NZDB the participation, NZDB and the protection Mubarak own butter and cheese business in Australia will be merged. At the same time, the NZDB of all assets will be a new global dairy company to take over, and this new company is the merger of two dairy companies from New Zealand. Tony cafe cheese decided to take over the market, and will be responsible for cheese cutting and packaging of the new company by the new security Mubarak-NZDB.

The Kaiyuan dairy joint venture is the other half of the global dairy company in New Zealand first-class enterprises, the production of the Kaibo Li ice cheese the cheese of ice in Australia's second-largest brand. State Food and merged with the dairy farmer groups.

The root causes of such a big M & A because of the severe drought led to the production of milk facing difficulties, as well as a decline in milk retail price, the hands of multinational corporations, large sums of money just to play a role at this time, it is difficult to say that this is not a good thing. For example, in Tasmania's long-term-arid climatic conditions, the market price of milk from 0.29 Canadian dollars per liter decreased to 0.17 Canadian dollars per liter.

The Australian dairy industry of this intensive combined hold opposing views. Australian Dairy Industry Committee Chairman, said: "Oh, yes! Australian industrial structural adjustment programs in the three major supermarket to market milk, tender, three milk production enterprises for their own brand's market share, causing the price battle damage the interests of farmers, which is actually what happened. "

According to the chairman's statement, the supermarket group in higher profits for themselves, to take a regional centralized supplier to the nationwide expansion, in order to suppress the product purchase price. Supermarket dairy farmers get the right to sell the nest Seoul house his brand of milk in Victoria, which makes the nest Seoul housing Adams brand milk prices nationwide fell 25 percent, and also faces competition from other sales network. In this way, the producers by the loss, for example, from 2000 to 2001 of the State Food and losses on about $ 22 million.

Now, the New Zealand dairy industry has all the retail business of the new company after the big merger. In the large merger, large companies are more powerful.

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