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美国论文代写:Construction of Cultural Identity in Immigrant Literature

2017-05-26 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Construction of Cultural Identity in Immigrant Literature,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了移民中的文化认同。在我们生活的世界中存在着数以千计的文化形式。不同的文化有自己的形式、内容和特殊的性质。而移民从一个国家迁移到另一国,从一种文化走向另一种,在陌生的环境中,首先面临的就是严重的文化碰撞和冲突。但随着时间的过去,移民会慢慢认同新的文化,然后两种文化融合在一起。

Cultural Identity,文化认同,美国作业代写,paper代写,澳洲代写

The famous cultural anthropologist W.H. Good enough once gave a through-provoking definition of the culture of a society that refers to a social pattern widely recognized by social members to be used as a tool to know and connect with each other and to explain social phenomenon. However, there exist thousands of forms of cultures in the world we are living. Different cultures have their own forms, contents and special natures, which can be displayed through difference of culture subject, culture structure as well as culture bearer. The new immigrants, who not only move from one country to another but also move from one culture to another, will first face severely cultural collision and conflict in strange settings, conditions and contexts. And then what followed is their unique and awkward cultural identity. The new immigrants are deeply printed with dual culture and dual identity which also causes them with double consciousness. Everyone tries their best to think about how to construct their cultural identity after immigration and how to be accepted by a new culture easily. There is no one exception.

Here, Pat Mora in her “Immigrants”perfectly describes a vivid image of a new immigrant parent and his/her education methods to gain more acceptance of American society, especially the acceptance of his/her children. Based on such complicated personal identity and the problems encountered in seeking their cultural attribution and spiritual home, in Pat Mora’s poem, one on hand, we can deeply experience the new immigrants’ individual understandings and unique perspectives about how plastic the human mind is and how wide diversity of human cognition is in cross-cultural communication; on the other hand, it also implies the strong social pressure that a new immigrant experienced to force him/her to conform to a typical American image through typical American lifestyle. Even the first-generation cannot achieve their cultural identity. They also would like to devote themselves into such holy career to help their children enter American society. Therefore, in Pat Mora’s poem, the children, not only shoulder their parents’ expectation, but also carry the numerous ethnic immigrant groups’ dream. From this perspective, this image of a new immigrant has its unique art characteristic with comprehensive culture function and board culture connotation when it comes into being, which makes this poem have great significance for us to study the construction of cultural identity in immigrant literature.

Strictly speaking, the American immigrant movement can be initial traced back to 1200 years ago, when people were mainly from northern Asia and gradually formed the ancestors of the native Americans.  Then Spanish, Portuguese, and some French people tread on their heels. As for the rise of civilization and colonization and immigrants literature’s booming, can be really dated back to the year of 1620,when the “Mayflower” carried 102 immigrants from England to Plymouth, Massachusetts, which speed up the American immigrant movement. Since then, millions of people from all over the world, such as Jew, German, Quakers, Shakers and so on, came to the United States to pursue a better life with richness, freedom and equality. More so, they could escape from the severe religious persecution and discrimination and political oppression to find a place of greater safety for them to labor and live. Compared with the local native Americans, the early immigrants were literate and they had their own cultures, religious belief and even languages. Especially they signed first voluntary contract “The Mayflower Compact”1 (1620), symbolizing the contract spirit and the pilgrims’ traditions, which gradually made the backward indigenous culture marginalized and built an autonomous, self-governing society. At first, the Wampanoag Indians even passed on their experience about how to grow good corn to the pilgrims. But they were eventually conquered by the advanced industrial civilizations involving in economy , technology, politics, culture, religions, language and even individual’s social behaviors. Of course, the political oppression and violence were inevitable in nations integration.  As time went by, a great number of local people were merged together by colonists and became the new Americans.

With large-scale immigration, more and more new immigrants gathered here and worked together to resolve deep-seated structural problems in the cross-cultural communication and promote the whole country harmony and sustainable development, which brought not only the huge productivity but also the new economic growth points. The new immigrants began to learn the American culture and some of them even were widely accepted by the American society. The enduring power of the American dream inspired more and more people to come to United States where everything is possible. However, in the cultural communication, we can also see it as the history of the construction of cultural identity. In order to pursue a better acceptance by this new society, how many people with different cultural backgrounds, religious faiths, educations experiences as well as languages habits, choose to carry at the cost of sacrificing in particular their ethnic identities. In Pot Mora’s poem, this new immigrant parent’s story is just one of hundreds of millions.

According to the image of this new immigrant, we can really guess he/she is likely to be a Spanish or a Polish. When she/he left his/her hometown, sailed the sea and came to America in pursuit of more hope, freedom and opportunities, this parent must suffer a lot of difficulties and hardships on the way of cultural identity. In this parent’s mind, he/she firmly believed that new immigrants were different from the Native Americans. Under such huge psychological pressures, in order to ensure that his/her performance was equal to or better than other immigrants to integrate into this society easily, he/she thought that the first step was to learn their language, culture and living habits. Therefore, when he/she faced the infants, what he/she did was to sacrifice his/her clear-cut ethnic identity to provide for children a typical American lifestyle both in materialistic and cultural. From the days they were born, the parent wrapped them in the American flag, fed them hot dogs and apple pie, named them like Bill and Daisy and even brought them blonde dolls and football. In the parent’s eyes, all of those images, such as names, food and toys, symbolized the tradition of American. If the babies were printed by those marks, it would be a great help for them to mix into the American society. However, this new immigrant parent was still worried about it. Therefore, he/she began to teach his/her babies how to speak English, although his/her English was so poor with strong accent. Pat Mora states “Speak to them in thick English, Hallo babe hallo” (Line7.8, Mora), which shows us that this parent made forth efforts to let the children gain a chance for education and English was a useful tool. This parent’s fear and worry even did not cease until the babies slept. In the end, Pat Mora told us that “Will they like our boy, our girl, our fine American boy, our fine American girl?” (Line 12,13,14, Mora) In this sense, we can see that this new immigrant was so eager to be accepted by the American society and American culture. This parent was worried whether his/her children could be accepted or not at any minute. Those fear and worry will never stop. In the end, we can know that for Pat Mora, she is against for such kind of acceptance at the cost of eradication of the immigrants’ natural and cultural personality and identity. To hide new immigrants’ ethnic identity and act as a typical American is not a proper way for them to construct their cultural identity.

In conclusion, along with the colonialism and the wide expansion of the immigrant movements, a more appropriate word to describe such cultural phenomenon has already appeared that is “Multicultural”. As one of the most important critiques in the colonial history, it has figured obviously in the cultural identity and has gradually become the key problem that we should face today. To study the immigrant cultures, especially the construction of cultural identity, has deep influence on our re-explorations of cultural relations and the equal aspiration for cultural rights.

Notes:

1The MAYFLOWER COMPACT: In the name of God, Amen. We whose names are underwritten, the loyal subjects of our dread sovereign Lord, King James, by the grace of God, of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc., having undertaken, for the glory of God, and advancement of the Christian faith, and honor of our king and country, a voyage to plant the first colony in the Northern parts of Virginia, do by these presents solemnly and mutually in the presence of God, and one of another, covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil body politic, for our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute, and frame such just and equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions, and offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the colony, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience.

Work Cited:

W.H. Goodenough  “Cultural Anthropology “(1957)

Mora, Pat. “Immigrants.”  New Worlds of Literature: Writings from America’s Many Cultures. 2nd ed. Eds. Jerome Beaty and J. Paul Hunter.  New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1994,764 Web: https://emma.uga.edu/file/1450/620566/window/view_file

“Mayflower.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia,  16 March 2016  Web: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mayflower

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