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The Impact of Globalization on Human

2015-08-12 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Report范文

这篇文章主要描述了全球化对人们的影响。从7个方面开始论述全球化的影响,全球化在经济全球化、生产全球化、贸易全球化、信息全球化、生态环境变化、金融资本全球化和全球化的各个领域都表现出了全球化的趋势,特别是信息技术和产业的快速发展。


Introduction:

It is due to the high technology, especially information technology and the rapid development of the industry, resulting in a significant reduction in transport and communication costs, thereby directly promoting international trade, investment, finance and personnel, and other economic factors, optimize the allocation of the world, so that the whole economy ever closer together, step by step towards the integration of processes and phenomena.Globalization profound impact on mankind, the earth into a global village, you will be me,and I will be you, and interrelated. Globalization is reflected in the economic globalization, the globalization of production, trade globalization, the globalization of information, the ecological environment change, financial capital globalization, and the impact of globalization every fields.

Supporting point 1. Globalization of production and management

Transnational corporate mergers greatly optimized allocation of resources and industrial structure, to achieve the economies of scale; enable multinational corporations in the world economy status and role of further growth. Production and management of globalization is also reflected in the industrial division of global industrial division from one country to the traditional factors of production-based division of labor developed into a wide range of modern technology, technology-based division of labor; from the division of labor between industrial sectors the development of division of labor within each industry sector; the development of a single product from division to division product model, product components and product process and form a worldwide network of industrial division of labor, every production processes have become part of the world production system, become part of the chain of commodity prices.

Supporting point 2. Trade Globalization

In recent years, the average annual growth rate of international trade than the world's average annual GDP growth rate of more than double. Interdependence of national economies, there has never been so closely today. Meanwhile, the international trade of goods varieties are becoming increasingly diverse. International economic development so that world trade patterns and trade patterns have also changed, e-commerce, payment digitization. Established in 1995, WTO's legal form constraints, global trade practices, marking the integration of the global economy strengthened, with the continued advance global trade liberalization, financial, technical, personnel and other factors of production will be more on a global scale free, more large-scale flow.

Supporting point 3. Globalization of financial capital

E-finance industry makes trading and money transfer without the constraints objective can be accomplished in an instant. Financial markets in many countries have formed a computer network with foreign financial business is developing rapidly. Big banks in western countries launched a massive merger, acquisition activity. 1997 Asian financial crisis and the global economy since the 2008 crisis, the debt crisis in Europe in recent years, resulting in the global financial markets in turmoil, stocks plunged across the board in a row, resulting in strong growth in Europe and America also weakened, this from a negative description World finance have been developed to the point is difficult to distinguish from each other.

Supporting point 4 Market globalization

Many countries give up their planned economy towards a market economy. So many countries in the establishment and improvement of the market economic system and efforts to provide the basis for a single economic globalization of economy. Geographically say, only after the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe and China and other developing countries into the world economy began to former world economy really has the characteristics of the global economy. Not only that, early in the implementation of the system developed markets also remained in constant adjustment policies and reform, trying to further develop the role of the market mechanism.

Supporting point 5, the ecological environmental degradation exacerbated by poverty, affecting social stability, hinder social progress, serious constraints to sustainable development of economy and society.

Supporting point 6, The ecological issue has become a sensitive international issue, adversely affect the country's international reputation. Causes of ecological degradation: global climate change, in particular the El Nino, La Nina phenomenon on the global natural environment significantly affected. But human factors, in particular the extensive mode of economic development and the predatory exploitation of resources is the main cause of environmental deterioration. Market economic reforms faster, but market regulation lags far behind the allocation of resources; undue emphasis on the importance of economic development, focusing on economic indicators, ignoring the ecological environment is the basis of economic development; ecological environment construction investment started to increase, but the guiding principle of ecological deviation a systematic way, the ecological environment has not been fundamentally improved, even vicious cycle as a whole watershed degradation and resource depletion or regional environment of air. Of course, globalization has also stressed that protecting the environment, global climate conference in Copenhagen in 2009 as well as the provisions of the United Nations global environmental requirements.

Supporting point 7, Globalisation does have both positive and negative consequences, including on the burden of infectious diseases.

Conclusion:

To sum up the four aspects, globalization is a double-edged sword, has a positive effect, also has a negative effect, but the positive effect is far more powerful negative effect, look to the future of global, globalized world would be an irreversible trend , will also play an increasingly important role, it will be more conducive to human development. From a philosophical point of view to analyze the world is perpetual motion change, globalization is echoed philosophical truth. Therefore, this article is definitely positive globalization.

Reference

1.Yo-Yo Ma,Paths of Globalization:From the Berbers to Bach,New Perspectives Quarterly,Spring 2008

2.Pew Global Attitudes Project,World Publics Welcome Global Trade — But Not Immigration,Washington,2007

3. John A. Charles,The Environmental Benefits of Globalization,July 14,2004

4.Anastasia Cunningham, News Coordinator ,Spread Of Infectious Diseases Being Propelled By Globalisation,November 24, 2014

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