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Battle of Gettysburg--论文代写范文精选

2015-09-11 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Report范文

51due论文代写网精选代写范文:“Battle of Gettysburg”。这篇文章主要讲述了美国内战中的最著名的战役--葛底斯堡战役。其中主要讲述的是葛底斯堡后半期战役的麦田战役,通过艰苦的战争,以北方为代表的盟军取得胜利的故事。

The Battle of Gettysburg is without question the most well known battle of the Civil War. Evidence of this is the Civil War reenactments, which take place the same days of the battle year after year. This paper will discuss the movements during the latter half of the Battle of Gettysburg such as the Wheatfield, The Peach Orchard, and Pickett’s Charge. The Wheatfield lays halfway between Little Round Top and the Peach Orchard, it’s an area of approximately 25 acres, which is bordered on the north and south by woodlands, and to the west there is a wooded rocky outcrop known as Stony Hill. The Wheatfield and Stony Hill formed the center of the battle line of Union General David Birney’s division of Sickle’s 3rd Corp. There were 3 brigades involved on the Union side in this battle. Under the command of General Hobart Ward was the left hand brigade holding Houck’s Ridge and the Valley of Death, in the center under command of Colonel Regis de Trobriand was the center brigade holding the Wheatfield and Stony Hill. 

Lastly on the right side there was General Charles Graham at the edge of the Peach Orchard. As the Confederate’s under General Hood’s division attacked Devil’s Den and Little Round Top another brigade from the 3rd Arkansas came to reinforce the Confederate’s, this led to a lengthy firefight in which de Trobiand’s forces sent the Arkansas contingent back out of the Wheatfield. After sending in Hood’s division Longstreet sent two brigades toward the Peach Orchard but they were held back on the command of General Lee. Hood’s brigades were separated into two groups because of the terrain and circumstances of the battle; South Carolina regiments were in the same predicament. After the South Carolinians crossed Emmitsburg Road they came upon the backside of Stony Hill, half the forces marched toward Stony Hill while the other half marched at the Union batteries, which were occupying the space between Stony Hill and the Peach Orchard. Looking back at the Union side de Trobiand’s troops were up against the ropes. After fighting off the southerners of the 3rd Arkansas they were left with roughly a third of their fighting force, in the last engagement nearly 500 were killed or wounded out of 1400 engaged. Two additional Union brigades were sent to the assistance and reached him without much resistance. At this point in the engagement all Union forces were trying to fall back and regroup, with the loss of Ward’s command on Houck’s Ridge the Confederates were in control of the 3rd Corps line from Devil’s Den to Stony Hill. 

This didn’t last for long as the Union forces were coming on the counteroffensive. Union forces mustered 3,300 troops into 4 brigades, 3 were sent along the east edge of the Wheatfield and stormed onto Stony Hill overcoming Confederate forces and driving them back. The last brigade was sent straight across the Wheatfield and into the Rose Woods behind it, the Georgians there were sent reeling into the Peach Orchard and in little over an hour of intense fighting the Union regained most of the ground lost over the course of the day. The battle for the Peach Orchard was no less deadly for both sides. General Layfayette McLaws commanded the second division of Longstreet’s Corps. He was a solid Georgian who was known more for a strong defense rather then an aggressive offense, but on this day his forces attacked like tigers. He sent two brigades to fight for Stony Hill and the Wheatfield while his other regiments were advancing into artillery fire from the Peach Orchard. Thirty Union cannons blasted gigantic holes in the Confederate Lines, but they did not falter. 

While marching towards the cannons an officer misheard a command and turned these forces to the right, exposing their flank to the Union artillery. The Confederate line was torn apart, and the survivors ran. Shortly afterwards McLaw’s last two brigades were unleashed, a group from Mississippi and a group from Georgia. The forces arrayed against them were from Union General Graham’s brigade, 5 regiments from Pennsylvania, who were under fire since they arrived at Sickles’ new line along Emmitsburg Road. When the Confederates attacked two of Graham’s regiments sprang forward to meet them. As the forces were drawing nearer the Georgians veered left and the Mississippians right, this left the 68th Pennsylvania to be pummeled in the middle. One by one all of Graham’s regiments were driven north and in a matter of minutes half his Pennsylvanians became casualties. Amid all this chaos the commanding officer of the Mississippi brigade managed to get most of his troops to advance up Emmitsburg Road against the exposed flank of Sickles’ other division. As dusk approached the Georgians were also on the move. They were barely touched by the first engagement and were now marching across the Peach Orchard toward Stony Hill. The scattered Union forces were trying to withdraw orderly but the Confederate forces routed some of them. 

As the sun set on July 2nd the Wheatfield and Peach Orchard changed hands for the sixth time. The final battle being discussed is Pickett’s Charge. This name is synonymous with disaster second only to Custer’s Last Stand, as an example of selfless bravery and military stupidity. Contrary to the name General Lee actually ordered the charge to take place, General Longstreet tried to advise him not to attack but he lost that argument and was chosen to organize the forces. Picket’s Division provided approximately half of the 11,000 Confederate troops involved. Sometime around 3pm on July 3rd Pickett’s Division was called to it’s feet, ranks were dressed, officers made preliminary speeches and prayers were offered. The order was then given, “Forward, common time, march. Dress on the center.” The advance was orderly and unhurried. These 11,000 men had about ¾ of an open mile of field to cross while 3 different Union artillery groups were crisscrossing shells over their heads. Shells exploded overhead sending fragments screaming into the Confederate lines. 

At this point the line was halted and the ranks were put back into order under the fire of Union artillery, the march resumed. As the distance between Union and Confederate lines diminished rifle fire opened up. In the front of the Confederate line many flags and officers went down. What started as an orderly march became knots of men following the very few officers that were left alive. The right side brigade starting moving towards the right, which left their flank exposed to nearly 1,300 Vermont muskets, this move all but destroyed the right side of Pickett’s Charge. At the end of the engagement Pickett was left with less then a third of the soldiers that went into the fray, and a handful of officers. Somewhere around 10,000 Confederates were killed in this charge alone. 

 This battle was significant in the Civil War because it was the turning point for the North. After the Battle of Gettysburg everything started to fall apart for the Confederate troops. They lost most of their high-ranking competent officers and the moral of the army was nil. I feel if this engagement wouldn’t have taken place that the Civil war would have been a much longer fight, and many more people would have died.-M

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