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Kaplan’s Perspective on the Role of Gender

2020-05-22 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 更多范文


下面51due教员组为大家整理一篇优秀的代写范文- Kaplans Perspective on the Role of Gender,供大家参考学习。这篇文章讲述的是性别在男人和女人之间的作用真的很明显吗?性别如何影响男人和女人?哪种性别倾向于处于劣势?在Saul Kaplan撰写的文章“年轻男性的困境”中,Kaplan通过探讨年轻男性与女性相比的各个方面来探讨上述问题,表明男性处于劣势。一般而言,Kaplan利用合乎逻辑的吸引力并提供详细的统计数据和示例,以使绝大多数读者相信,年轻的男性在学习成绩和工作场所绩效方面均比女性差。但可惜的是,卡普兰仍必须提供更多细节,以使他的论点更具说服力。

Kaplans Perspective on the Role of Gender

Is the role of gender really obvious between men and women and how does gender influence both men and women? Which gender tends to be put in an inferior situation? In the article “The Plight of Young Males” written by Saul Kaplan, Kaplan deals with the above questions by exploring the plights of young males in various aspects when compared with women, indicating that males are put in an inferior situation. Generally speaking, Kaplan utilizes logical appeal and provides detailed statistics and examples to convince the great majority of readers that young males perform worse than females in both the academic performance and the workplace achievement. But what is a pity to say is that Kaplan still has to give more details in order to make his argument more convincing.

Saul Kaplan is the founder and chief catalyst of the Business Innovation Factory (BIF), which designs and tests new business models, and the author of The Business Model Innovation Factory: How to Stay Relevant When the World Is Changing (2012). Most of his blogs are collected at Its Saul Connected. Kaplan gets an MBA focusing on the strategic management of technology from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and a BS in Pharmacy from the University of Rhode Island (Business Innovation Factory. 2015). This article being analyzed was firstly posted on the Harvard Business Review blog on March 9, 2011, where it included a link to a trailer with information about the work done by his company.

Kaplan mainly writes this article for an audience that consists of both the employees and the employers in the job market, the government personnel together with the school officials and administration in the United States. As a matter of fact, the constituent parts of the audience matter a lot toward how Kaplan shapes his argument. To put it more specifically, Kaplan has claimed that “stubborn gender wage gaps for comparable work are unacceptable and must be closed” (Kaplan), from which we can find that it has something to do with both the employees and the employers in the job market. On the one hand, the employees of two sexes have to strive for equal pay and opportunities so that the wage gap can be eliminated. On the other hand, the employers need to offer equal pay and opportunities for both male and female applicants without discrimination toward any sex. And the rationale why the government personnel is involved lies in that Kaplan regards the plight of young males as a political issue and a “growing national problem” (Kaplan), which calls for the efforts of the government personnel to tackle. When it comes to the school officials and administration, it can be easily understood in that educational attainment, the bachelor’s degree and the post-secondary credential have been mentioned several times can naturally remind us that the school officials and administration are closely related. Throughout this article, Kaplan has connected to the audience from time to time during the process of composing it.

It is apparent that Kaplan’s use of logical appeal plays a significant part in helping him convince his audience that young males in the United States are confronted with unfavorable plights. Kaplan has firstly indicated that the plights of young males are increasingly notable due to the continued advancement of girls, through which he puts forward that it is of great urgency for people to recognize the challenges faced by the young men so as to do something to improve that phenomenon. And then he refers to the latest census that “males comprise 51% of the total U.S. population between the ages of 18-24. Yet, just over 40% of today’s college students are men” (Kaplan), giving the audience a clear picture about the gender achievement gap. In order to better justify his argument, Kaplan has also applied the view of Michael Thompson, the author of Raising Cain, to explain that the plight of young males will become more and more serious if it is left unaltered. Therefore Kaplan can enable the audience to understand the severity of the plights of young males in the United States to a certain degree.

In addition to the data from the latest census, Kaplan has as well applied the data from a recent NBC news report that “women dominate high school honor rolls and now make up more than 70% of class valedictorians” (Kaplan). There is no doubt that the involvement of precise statistics from those sources can make the article more authoritative and convincing more or less. In this sense, we can say that the inclusion of a series of detailed statistics and examples as well matters a lot toward Kaplan’s being able to well support his own argument.

Due to the subsequent use of data and examples, Kaplan demonstrates the plights of young men in the United States in the gender achievement gap and the education attainment gap one by one. And then he returns back to the industrial era in which young men can still get high-wage jobs even if they do not have a college degree or post-secondary credential, which can be deemed as a strong counter-argument. It can be understood in this way that many people may hold that it does not matter much when those young men do not get a college degree or post-secondary credential, let alone their being faced with plights. However, Kaplan quickly negates such counter-argument and he gives his explanations at the same time. What he puts forward is that the social contract has changed from the industrial era to today’s post-industrial economy and college is now for a larger segment of the population but not a narrow segment as in the past. In this sense, Kaplan’s introduction about the appearance of a new social contract has powerfully suggested the importance of education, which further helps intensify the plights faced by the young men in the United States if they do not have a college degree or post-secondary credential. The difference of earnings have been supplied in the meantime that “According to census data, annual earnings for high-school dropouts average $18,900; for high-school graduates, $25,000; for college graduates, $45,400” (Kaplan). Here the successive three numbers $18,900, $25,000 and $45,400 can strengthen the audience about the difference in the earnings for people that have attended the college or not.

Furthermore, Kaplan goes on to explain how hard the current recession has hit men, which accounts for another aspect of the plight of young men. Detailed speaking, young men were the main group of people that lost their jobs when the recession broke out, resulting in their being ill prepared for the 21st century workplace. Stopping here, Kaplan has already written enough about the unfavorable plight in front of young males in the United States and the audience can resonate with it. But he continues to engage in a large number of young men of color in the United States whose situation is worse. And the worse situation of those young men of color in the United States is examined by the Business Innovation Factory, which is Kaplan’s own company, contributing to its being able to add credibility to his idea of the plight of young men in the United States a lot. Or maybe it can be put in another way that the staggering statistics obtained via the Business Innovation Factory can be considered as the experimentation to put the theory into practice and it can greatly draw the distance between the audience and the author closer and closer. The flow of thoughts of Kaplan is so clear that has allowed him to deliver his idea to the audience well and the audience can be persuaded to take action as recommended.

Apart from that, comparison and contrast is one of the rhetorical techniques Kaplan uses to support his argument. For instance, “The average 11th grade boy writes at the level of the average 8th grade girl” proposed by Kaplan is actually an effective comparison to show that men are underperforming women to a large extent. Also, the difference of the industrial era and the post-industrial era and the change of the social contract are both examples of the use of comparison and contrast. Furthermore, rhetorical question is another rhetorical technique Kaplan applies in order to better prop up his opinion. For example, the sentence “Have you taken a stroll on a college campus recently? Where have the men gone?” (Kaplan) can make the audience ask themselves these two questions so that the audience can be more integrated into the article and they can be better convinced in the due time. What’s more, it is obvious that quote is a crucial rhetorical technique used by Kaplan to support his argument in that most of the data shown in the article is quoted from other scholarly sources so as to make it more convincing to a certain degree.

Overall, in “The Plight of Young Males”, Saul Kaplan presents a convincing argument on the plights that the young males in the United States are confronted with and they are put in an inferior situation when compared with the young females in the United States. However, what has to be pointed out is that Kaplan has only offered the percentage of males and females that have graduated from college and those who have got the bachelor’s degree, but he does not provide the detailed academic performance of the males and females that have got the bachelor’s degree. That is to say, the contrast of the concrete academic performance of those males and females that have both graduated from college can help the audience understand the gender achievement gap and the education attainment gap better. Only the number of males and females that have graduated from college and whether they have received a bachelor’s degree is not enough. Thus it would be more convincing if Kaplan can give more details about the academic performance of the males and females that have got the bachelor’s degree.

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