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Aristocratic education in early modern England

2019-02-26 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Aristocratic education in early modern England,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了近代早期英国的贵族教育。在中世纪的欧洲,贵族无疑要接受教育,最广为人知的贵族教育即是七艺,其包括七门课程,分别是逻辑、语法、修辞、数学、几何、天文、音乐。除此之外,贵族接受的教育核心是骑士教育。然而在英国开始走向资本主义社会的历史时期,新的格局打破了原有的平衡。都铎王朝处于英国从封建社会向资本主义过渡时期,整个社会也随之发生了巨变。贵族教育从模式和内容乃至目的都发生了巨大的变化。

Aristocratic education,近代早期英国的贵族教育,assignment代写,paper代写,北美作业代写

In Europe in the middle ages, aristocrats undoubtedly had to receive education. The most widely known noble education was the "seven arts", which included seven courses of liberal arts: logic, grammar, rhetoric, mathematics, geometry, astronomy and music. In addition, the core of the education received by nobles was the chivalry education.

However, in the historical period when Britain began to move towards capitalist society, the new pattern broke the original balance. The Tudor dynasty was in the transition period from feudalism to capitalism, and the whole society changed greatly. Great changes have taken place in the mode, content and purpose of aristocratic education.

First of all, the mode of education has changed, or the place of education has changed. In the past, aristocratic education was carried out in the family. Before receiving the knight education, the children of the nobility had to serve in the big families or the royal family. However, in the early modern times, aristocratic education began to be carried out in the school. Public schools, which emerged in the late 14th century, were originally established for the purpose of training clergy. However, in the early modern times, more and more children of the aristocracy began to study in schools. The number of schools is also growing rapidly. By 1588, Elizabeth had established 51 public schools, by 1603, 280, and by 1700, 400. Shrewsbury public school, st. Paul's public school, Taylor chamber school, grabby public school, harrow public school, charterhouse public school, Westminster public school, Winchester public school and eton public school and known as the "nine public schools", became the main place for the children of the nobility to receive education. "The number of aristocrats born between 1680 and before 1680 was 42, accounting for 16.2% of the total number of educated aristocrats. The number of aristocrats born between 1681 and 1710 was 82, accounting for 34.9% of the total number of educated aristocrats. The number of aristocrats born after 1740 was 156, accounting for 72.2% of the total number of educated aristocrats."

Second, the content and purpose of education have changed. The content of military education weakened, and began to pay attention to the study of cultural knowledge, supplemented by religious education. The main goal of medieval noble education is to cultivate loyal knights. The core of medieval noble education is military education. The sons of the nobility were educated as knights in order to become new knights and lords. After the 16th century, the cultivation of social and political elites became the main direction of noble education, and the content of noble education was much richer than that in the middle ages. Language, mathematics, writing, dancing, painting, playing Musical Instruments, horse riding, archery and so on, were the main contents of learning in the noble family education. However, in public schools, Latin, Greek, French and humanities have become the main knowledge to be learned. Most of these courses are related to religion, classical literature, ancient Chinese and classics, and they also pay attention to the cultivation of "gentlemanliness" in terms of conduct. Especially classical literature, logic, rhetoric and ethics, the aristocracy also needed to learn Latin as a gentleman and train their ability of rhetoric and logical thinking. Law, history and language were three important courses that the social elites had to learn. Cultivating social and political elites became the main direction and purpose of aristocratic education.

The Tudor dynasty was a period of transition from feudal society to capitalism, which was regarded as a golden age in the history of British absolute monarchy. The emerging nation-states undoubtedly wanted to expand their rights as much as possible. Therefore, during this period, the king issued more new nobles and employed more non-nobles and well-educated "civil officials" to rule, in order to weaken the power of the traditional nobles.

In this context, in order to maintain their own status, the original aristocracy must pay more attention to education, receive good education and improve the overall quality of the class, so as to maintain the inherent advantages of the class. Especially for the second son without the right of inheritance, the role of education is more important. The educated second sons of the aristocracy were likely to gain better development by entering the power center as "civil servants".

On the other hand, in Britain at this time, under the birth of the new economic form, some new professions, such as lawyers, began to appear. The nobles who received education could engage in new professions to achieve better development, which is undoubtedly the reason why the nobles strengthened their attention to education in this period.

In addition to the aristocracy's hope to better maintain their own practical interests, the aristocracy, under the impact of the new system, hoped to distinguish themselves from the "nouveau riche" aristocracy, which was also the reason why the aristocracy paid more attention to education during this period. "Language and rhetorical skills, as well as legal training, are essential qualities for an aristocrat to excel in a competitive environment." "And" people who want to be successful in the military have to be educated like people who are looking for legal positions and bureaucratic positions." The necessity of aristocratic education can also be seen in these quotations of the time.

Like the French distinction between the sword aristocracy and the robe aristocracy, Britain's old aristocracy wanted to distinguish itself from the new nouveau riche aristocracy. During this period, the aristocracy tried to maintain their own advantages and maintained their own advantages with cultural soft power, which was also the reason why British aristocracy paid more attention to education in the 16th and 18th centuries.

In order to maintain their own status, aristocrats must pay more attention to education, receive good education, and improve the comprehensive quality of their own class, so as to maintain the inherent advantages of their own class. Especially for the second son without the right of inheritance, the role of education is more important. The educated second sons of the aristocracy were likely to gain better development by entering the power center as "civil servants". By receiving public cultural education, the nobles made themselves more adapted to the requirements of the role of state rulers in the new era, and more able to assume the leadership and ruling burden of the country. The country's rulers are now learned men who assess problems and situations with reason rather than intuition.

Britain's old aristocracy wanted to distinguish itself from the new "nouveau riche" aristocracy. During this period, the aristocracy tried their best to maintain their cultural advantages and maintained their own advantages with cultural soft power, which was also the reason why British aristocracy paid more attention to education in the 16th and 18th centuries. The British aristocracy's emphasis on education, to a considerable extent, has become the vane of the whole society. After all, in a class society, it is inevitable for the lower class to look like the upper class. From the perspective of cultural communication, the path from the upper culture to the lower culture is also more smooth.

During this period, the aristocracy's emphasis on education undoubtedly promoted the development of education and culture in the whole UK, laid a foundation for the improvement of the national quality of the whole UK, and made great contributions to the rapid development of the UK into an "empire where the sun never sets" in the new era.

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