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Digitisation of archives in Britain

2018-12-25 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Digitisation of archives in Britain,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了英国档案的数字化。2015年,英国国家档案馆计划通过不同的方式重新思考、组织国家档案事业和确定新的战略优先事项和目标,以期能够满足各类利用者的需求以及应对英国档案的数字化。英国档案数字化战略制定了清晰的战略路线图,将战略的实施分为三个阶段,通过分阶段规划,档案部门可以更加清楚业务规划进程的进展,从而不断反思、调整工作重点和资源投入。

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With the arrival of the wave of "digital revolution", information technology has profoundly changed the world's production and lifestyle. In order to meet the challenge of digital transformation, all countries and all walks of life are actively implementing digital strategic layout. Britain is one of the early national archives digitization construction work, has achieved very good results, such as Britain's national archives launched in 2012, the "discovery" of platform is the important achievement of digital work, the platform has an independent and diverse file bibliographic database, the user can search and browse the file description information of more than 30 million; It has integrated 10 million archival description information of 2,500 archives in Britain, and attached detailed archival information of each archive. But it is not enough to maintain and promote the digital archives enterprise long-term stable development, in order to promote the transformation of the digital archives and the archives into Britain's national digital strategy and strategy of digital economy, the national archives in a planned way has released a series of files, positive for archives digitizing strategy layout. This paper expounds the formation process of the digitalization strategy of archives in Britain, analyzes its characteristics, summarizes the experience, and puts forward thinking, so as to provide useful reference for the formulation and research of the digitalization strategy of archives in China.

In October 2015, the national archives in the collection, find community conference "discovery launched" file incentive, 2015-2019 "plan, the plan aims to 2015-2019, in different ways to rethink, organizing national archives and determine the new strategic priorities and goals, in order to meet the needs of all kinds of ik and cope with the biggest challenge in the new period, digital. The main contents of the plan are as follows: the national archives will carry out capacity building of government information compliance through a series of measures to ensure the long-term preservation and effective use of government information. These measures include: cooperating with other departments to formulate and implement unified government information management policies; Establish the information management report system, regularly evaluate the situation of government information capture and transfer; Set up websites to provide experts and legal support for government information management. The national archives will adopt new ways to encourage the public to make use of its collections and participate in the construction of archives, such as: integrating archives work into communities and piloting community archives exhibition projects; Deeply carry out the "archives volunteer" project, innovate the methods of archives volunteer participation; Create funding strategies to support public participation in archives. The national archives will develop its digital research capabilities through academic liaison and interdisciplinary research. The national archives will establish a new digital research team, develop new research partnerships, and work with the digital board of directors to establish new scientific research programs that promote cutting-edge research and academic engagement at the national archives. Strengthening the capability of the national archives as a digital archive through changes in working thinking and methods, these changes include: developing new mechanisms to simplify the management process of digital archives and expanding the types of archives that can be preserved; Creating a digital archive metadata solution to ease the burden on government departments; Provide platforms and tools to help other archives provide more collection resources online; Create a new file utilization system based on user requirements. The plan explicitly pointed out that the current British archives is the biggest challenge facing the digital, national archives of the comprehensive construction is put forward to become a digital archives, the idea of program design ideas of the UK's archives digitization and formulated the digital concrete strategic target, the start of the plan for the archives digitization form prepared necessary conditions for strategy, digital strategy of final drive the archives.

Launch in March 2017, the national archives digital strategy 2017, strategic think digital technology profoundly changed people create, acquire, use, save the file, the digital transformation of archives is imperative, "our ability to preserve and make the digital archives available will determine the future of people save how many evidence" today. Therefore, it is necessary to formulate a digital strategy to lead the development of British archives and set off disruptive changes in the practice of digital archives. The strategy sets out ambitious plans to create a disruptive digital archive within three years; Expand the scope of archives work and attract new users to participate in digital archives by using the Web; Changing the way physical files are obtained and used; Develop the digital capabilities, skills and culture of the national archives; Partner with other digital archives. The strategic respectively from the strategic road map, the condition of the current archives digitization, difficulties, specific measures, digital culture, skills, etc, form the main framework of the archives work in the UK digital strategy, the clear goal, the measures in detail, from the strategic height of the development of the digital archives provide goal guidance and practice.

To cope with the great challenges of digitalization, agile working methods must be adopted, clear planning must be made, and only by drawing out the specific steps and goals of the plan in advance can the strategic ambition be guaranteed. Set clear strategic roadmap British archives digital strategy, the implementation of the strategy will be divided into three stages, a "restore", phase 2 "growth", three "accelerated" stage, through a phased plan, archives can be more clear the progress of the business planning process, so as to constantly reflect on and adjust the focus and resources. Each stage of the strategy at the same time has been clear about the targets, such as remodeling stage goal is to reshape the digital team, standardize and simplify the digital file conversion process, in the most cost-effective way to manage data storage, and other departments to develop new files practice, tools and standards, enhance the level of the public participate fully in the national archives work. The growth stage is divided into three major objectives: improving and developing the digital archiving capacity of archives departments, enhancing the digital capability of the government, improving the transparency of the government, reducing the burden on the government, and improving the quality of service to the public, researchers and the public sector. Under these three big goals, it is divided into several small goals. For example, under the first big goal, it is divided into the goals of expanding the preservation type of digital files, front-end control of digital files and risk management, etc., which are more clear, specific and easy to implement. The acceleration stage is also divided into four major goals, and then specific to many small goals. The major goals are to develop national archives into digital archives, optimize and improve digital archives services, develop digital archives culture, and improve citizens' digital skills. The strategy not only has clear objectives, but also gives them different priorities to ensure that important objectives receive more input and attention. At the same time, in order to ensure the operability of the target and the final implementation, specific time limits are set for each stage of the strategic route map. For example, the remodeling stage is from January 2017 to June 2017, the growth stage is from July 2017 to September 2018, and the acceleration stage is from October 2018 to December 2019.

File within the framework of digital strategy in the UK, Britain's national archives attaches great importance to the user demand, focus on the needs of the user support of archives digitization approach to innovation, to ensure that the relevant solutions can well meet the needs of the user's digital services, "digital strategy 2017" highlighted in "no user demand digital work is completely invalid work!" , the importance of strategy to user needs will help archive departments consistently grasp this direction in the process of digital construction. In order to realize the user-centric digital services, strategic eight concrete measures are put forward: ascension archives user research ability, establish user research laboratory, group all the data collected from digital archives service, including satisfaction level, the number of visitors, length of visit comparable information, through the analysis of these data provide scientific digital services; Develop the archives web site in depth as part of the government's public programming strategy. Link archival departments' understanding of user behavior with a broad understanding of the audience to develop high-quality digital content that satisfies people's imagination. Find creative ways to promote activities and exhibitions and to support public interaction with the archives; The national archives will optimize the "exploration" platform through the guidance of user demand research, provide a better file catalog database and explore ways to improve the whole process from the use of search engines to the acquisition of required files. Integrating the archives catalogue databases established by other British archives and independent of each other to the "exploration" platform makes it more convenient for British archives to share and maintain their archives catalogue, so that users of the "discovery" platform can obtain all the archives catalogue information in Britain. The national archives will improve the UK government's online archive by using powerful capture and playback technologies, developing a user interface and enhancing search capabilities; By improving the API of "exploration", archive catalogue data will become open data, encourage reuse of archive data, and provide specific products and services for specific user groups; Explore new ways to manage digital archives, including using the latest Web standards, such as HTML5 and schema.org. Research web-based cataloging and annotating tools to open up new opportunities for partner and volunteer projects; Move public digital services to the cloud to improve availability and performance of digital services through resilient hosting environments.

Digital work is a long-term work that requires a lot of investment. However, in the past five years, the amount of money spent on public archives management in Britain has been reduced by 25% to 40%. After the new British government took office in May 2015, the fiscal expenditure is expected to be reduced by the same amount in the next five years. The reduction of financial funds will undoubtedly have a negative impact on the development of archival work, so the establishment of a wide range of business partnerships has become the key to the success of digital transformation. Partners in Britain's national archives of archives digitization project total investment is more than they can afford to, under the circumstances of austerity, partner paid for Britain's national archives internal core services, and to specific audiences such as genealogy researchers and professors to provide more professional, at a deeper level of knowledge service, outstanding in terms of broadening the channels for use online archives.

The strategy illustrates the importance of building a wide range of business partnerships with real examples. Professionals, in order to develop digital strategies needed to make the whole archives department to take the first step in expanding digital professional technology, in 2017 the national archives has established cooperative relations with the heritage lottery fund, capital support, HLF will invest 749300 pounds to start the digital archive skills training program, the program will teach students is essential to the survival and digital heritage to promote digital archive skills, then push students to further develop skills in digital archives. Digitization is changing everything about archival work, from the materials that need to be saved to the way that archives are accessed. So the goal of this project is to bring new digital skills that really meet real needs into the archives. The project, supported by the archives and records association and the digital conservation alliance, will build on the archives for change program that the national archives currently operates as part of its future workforce development.

The challenge of the digital wave to archives is partly a technical challenge, partly a practical challenge, but also a cultural challenge. Culture is growing up in the many years of experience together, national archives for many years, the development of organization culture slowly changing, "digital strategy 2017" pointed out that to deal with the long-term challenge of digital transformation, to make the entire national archives through design plan evolved into a comprehensive digital archives, archives must rethink and organize themselves, to archives of the digital culture. "Digital strategy 2017" requires the national archives to build digital culture through the following measures: purchase modern and flexible IT equipment, use modern IT technology to lay a foundation for the development of digital culture, and find appropriate ways to encourage people to use more digital skills developed outside of work and life; Create opportunities for led digital transformation of organization, promotion of typical digital cases, help and encourage everyone to use digital services, recruiting for digital services and the new leader of digital archives has a crucial role, creating opportunities for people throughout the organization to take or led digital initiatives, looking to support the development of the digital culture incentive mechanism, Ensure that people working in a digital team have time to understand all aspects of archival work and can demonstrate their value through digital work, as digital talent is key to helping drive the digital culture of the organization as a whole. To do this, the digital team must be able to participate in all aspects of archival work and benefit from the participation of all participants. The public engagement program provides many opportunities for digital teams to participate in other aspects of archiving, as well as to share our ongoing digital archiving to the public, and grow with the public through connectivity and understanding; the archives will enhance the public's understanding of digital archiving through various channels. The archives department will learn professional knowledge in human resources, marketing and communications, use professional knowledge, seek opportunities, capture people's interest in digital archiving and develop digital culture. For example, hold lectures on "big creativity", publicize the digital culture of archives, invite digital teams to talk about their work with everyone, and regularly make "visiting wall" open to all the public to let them know about digital archives. Change the way of archives information resources development, adopt new thinking mode, embrace the needs of users, creativity and change, introduce the public power to develop digital archives resources, archives as a guide, coordinator, trainer, so that the public in the digital environment to develop their own really needed archives resources.

"Digital strategy 2017" points out that it is necessary to build more advanced and disruptive digital archives and improve the digitalization ability of British archives work, and the construction of standards and norms is a very basic and important link. The strategy requires the national archives of the United Kingdom to cooperate with other institutions to establish a national standard system for the continuous management of government digital documents, and make unified provisions on the digital format standard, technical standard and management standard of the whole process of the generation, storage, release, sharing, disposal and open utilization of government electronic documents. PRONOM at present, the national archives has been developed the technical information about the file format of the online registry, standardizes the digital file format, the national archives in strategic points out that it is not only to continue to strengthen our commitment to PRONOM, also want to explore file format identifier, create a signature, authentication and using the new method, expanding the coverage and scope of work and type archives. At the same time, Britain is also actively involved in the formulation of international rules and standards, such as participating in the e-ark project carried out by European countries.

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