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Assignment代写:Financial management of IT enterprises

2018-07-12 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Financial management of IT enterprises,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了IT企业的财务管理。财务管理目标,就是企业从事财务活动时所要达到的预期目标,其代表着企业财务管理活动的最终方向。IT信息产业在进行财务管理时,要坚持盈利和发展并重,不仅要提高利润水平,还要为企业的未来发展留足空间,以推动其可持续发展。IT信息产业还需深刻的发现财务管理存在的问题,并分析原因,从而采用有效地措施来解决。

Financial management,IT企业财务管理,assignment代写,paper代写,美国作业代写

In today's world, IT information technology is changing with each passing day. As the main body and representative of the current high-tech industry, IT information industry has great development potential, and its role in economic and social development is becoming more and more obvious. The development level of IT information industry not only represents the comprehensive national strength of a country, but also represents the main driving force and important foundation of future economic growth.

Compared with other industries, IT information industry has a "marginal effect", that is, when the high fixed cost investment is successful, the marginal cost of investment in industrial development can be ignored. The reduction of the cost of science and technology will inevitably bring the decline in profits. The pace of science and technology in the 21st century is changing rapidly every day. The cost of technology is getting lower and lower, and the price of most products and services with information technology content is decreasing, which has become a basic trend. The functions of various products in the information industry are constantly integrated, providing more and more convenience to people's life, work and even entertainment.

The information industry is basically a strategic industry without pollution and can play an important role in improving the national economy, education and quality of life. Since the 1990 s, the country to invest heavily in information industry, each county cable network throughout the country, the national cable networks, such as the national strategy of development on the basis of telecommunication network, has produced several world-class telecom companies, such as China telecom, China mobile, etc. The initial infrastructure of information industry needs huge capital, but the "marginal effect" of the cost of information industry determines the prosperity of this industry.

In many developed countries, the information industry has already occupied an important position in the national economy. The information industry of the United States is the leading one, and has become the industry with the highest proportion of the GDP of the United States. A country without a strong information industry does not qualify as a world power. China's information industry already accounts for more than 7 percent of China's economy and is playing a significant role in the national economy.

Financial management goal is also called financial management goal, which refers to the expected goal that enterprises should achieve when they engage in financial activities, and it represents the final direction of financial management activities. The function of financial management objectives is mainly embodied in four aspects, namely, guiding function, incentive function, cohesion function and assessment function.

When conducting financial management, the IT information industry should attach equal importance to profits and development. IT should not only improve the profit level, but also leave enough space for the future development of the enterprise to promote its sustainable development. Therefore, corporate financial management objectives should be divided into two levels: the highest goal and the basic goal. The highest goal of financial management should focus on the profitability of enterprises. The basic goal should focus on the survival and development ability of enterprises. So, the discovery of IT information industry still need deep problems in financial management, and analyzes the reason, to use effective measures to better play the role of financial management, finally achieve good combined with IT technology, make the enterprise develop more quickly.

According to relevant research data, only 6% of China's annual research and development funds are spent on basic research, and the total investment in basic scientific and technological research is too low, which directly restricts the development of China's scientific and technological undertakings. Basic science and technology research is the driving force and source of national science and technology development. The weak basic research of science and technology will inevitably lead to the lack of strength in China's science and technology development, which is not conducive to the healthy, long-term and stable development of China's science and technology.

At present, many IT there is a widespread financial management confusion, enterprise management personnel quality is low, the lack of a system specification assets control and asset appraisal business accounting system, lead to financial decision-making errors appear repeatedly. Take giant group as an example. It was a comprehensive interactive entertainment enterprise integrating research and development, operation and marketing. However, with the continuous development of enterprises, managers begin to implement diversified management strategies, and invest a large amount of capital in the real estate industry. As a result, capital cannot be returned in time, and capital turnover is in trouble. At the same time, the giant group in the real estate development and construction, in the case of knowing that there are insufficient funds do not apply for a loan from the bank, miss the opportunity of reasonable use of financial leverage to improve management lead to corporate debt, financial crisis in the end. In addition, the imperfect financial management and accounting systems of enterprises are also the main reasons for the difficulties in listing and financing.

At present, many enterprises lack financial management mode. In this way, the operation and management mechanism of enterprises cannot be well established and improved, so as to strengthen the operation and management ability of enterprises. This is because some companies calculate the cost of human resources in the project based on the salary and benefits of the project personnel, and do not use reasonable labor rates. There are also problems in the way of recognition of project service income, which is not recognized in a reasonable way. Therefore, it is very necessary to establish and perfect a financial management model.

Investment budget is the premise and basis of cost accounting. Enterprises can reasonably control costs through investment budget, and improve service quality while reducing costs. However, most IT enterprises have not yet realized the importance and necessity of strengthening investment budget, which leads to the inefficiency of their financial management. In addition, when making financial management, lack of necessary communication and coordination each department, the budget process design is unreasonable, the lack of effective professional guidance, lead to the budget of the investment unsustainable stability.

For a long time, many IT the enterprise financial management accounting process is relatively chaos, managers fail to effectively control in the financial management of a lot of change, causes the inefficient accounting, accounting the effect is not ideal.

In most cases, the enterprise only pay attention to the IT department the leadership of the financial management of data, rather than with the products and services linked to financial statements, financial management information analysis is not comprehensive, prone to asymmetric information problems.

In addition, the "fire-fighting" management mode of IT enterprises determines the capital flow of enterprises. When all departments need funds, enterprises will allocate funds to the departments that need support most by means of analysis and evaluation. Although this practice ensures the stable operation of enterprises, it also causes insufficient funds for technological development and hinders the improvement of their scientific and technological innovation level.

In recent years, internal service billing has become a major development trend in IT industry, and more and more enterprises begin to conduct independent accounting for IT departments. This measure can not only strengthen the cost consciousness of users and influence their consumption behaviors, but also facilitate the realization of IT value, which is in the long-term interests of enterprises. , however, the majority of enterprises in the internal service billing to know there is misunderstanding, just as a kind of internal financial statements on the Numbers game, did not see its potential value and the function of the impact on user consumption. Even if some enterprises have implemented service level monitoring measures, there is a general problem of unclear service billing process.

As is known to all, government technology allocation, bank credit and enterprise self-financing have been the main financing methods for IT enterprises in China. Today, the government's funding capacity is significantly reduced, unable to provide more funding for business development; Some commercial Banks are reluctant to provide too much financing services for enterprises due to credit risks, and the limited assets of enterprises cannot meet the requirements of mortgage loans. Most IT companies do not meet the capital requirements of listed companies, so they cannot be successfully listed for financing. In general, the financing channels of IT enterprises are relatively simple and difficult at present, while the financing costs are high, which directly restrict the further development of enterprises.

Macro-control can not only reduce blind investment and low-level redundant construction, but also effectively support the development of high-tech industry and promote the optimization and upgrading of its industrial structure. For private enterprises, macro-control has few negative effects. Moreover, macro-control has brought new development opportunities for IT enterprises and laid a solid talent foundation for them. Therefore, IT enterprises should make full use of the current policy environment and make scientific development strategies. Given IT technology can't very good and the combination of financial management, the existing part of the enterprise internal set up a professional finance manager IT, as IT is responsible for the development, maintenance, head of the financial management IT cost management system, which is beneficial to the combination of IT technology and financial management, to better support the development of enterprise financial management.

The financial management model has great influence on the management accounting and operation management of enterprises. Among them, financial management mode, as the core of enterprise management accounting, directly affects its management level. Therefore, enterprises should formulate unified and standardized management standards, clarify the scope of management personnel's work, and strengthen their sense of responsibility and quality. In addition, enterprises should actively standardize financial management and optimize the design of management procedures.

In view of the current market situation, IT is urgent for large and medium-sized IT information enterprises in China to innovate financial management mode, establish and improve their operation and management mechanism, and strengthen their operation and management ability. Represented by Henry's behavior in school of management, advocating humanistic management, and emphasizes the technical process management is not a simple matter, but a complex social system, the requirements in respect of the personality independence and personal dignity under the premise of establishing the dominant position of people in the production and business operation. IT enterprises must be fully considered in the management of important features, set up appropriate financial management mode, to realize the optimization in the process of enterprise operation management organization, implementation of democratic management, and establish implementation and assessment of culture.

With the continuous improvement of information technology in China, the core competitiveness of enterprises has been significantly improved. IT companies in growing Numbers are beginning to realize the strategic significance of information technology development, and actively increase investment in hardware facilities, in order to enhance the level of its profits and achieve sustainable development goals. However, practice has proved that advanced technology and sophisticated equipment will not necessarily create tangible benefits for enterprises. Therefore, enterprises should actively out of "information paradox" swamp, formulate scientific and effective management policy, phased information development plan, and carries on the summary and reflection in a timely manner, to ensure the implementation of results.

With the continuous improvement and improvement of China's traditional financing methods, a fourth financing method, venture capital, has emerged in China. Compared with China, some developed countries abroad have established a mature venture capital system as early as the 1980s, and established a sound risk guarantee mechanism. Venture capital has obvious risk characteristics, high profit level and more risky financing methods. Venture capital relies on high risk to generate profits, and its return on capital is high.

The electronic information industry is favored by venture capital investors because of its high penetration and high popularity. A typical example of this is the communications industry. Compared with other high technologies, communication technology is more practical, more applicable and more acceptable to the public. Just look at the speed at which our phones are being updated. Expressions such as the fifth media and the thumb economy reflect the great influence of the communication industry on people's lives, which is increasingly becoming a part of our lives. As a result, industries with widespread influence, such as communications, are more likely to be the hot spots for venture capitalists.

The main problems in financial management of IT industry in China are the weak foundation of national macro-control. Lack of financing channels for enterprises; Chaotic internal financial management; Enterprises lack financial management model, investment budget, accounting, service billing unreasonable. All these problems lead to the low level of accounting and financial management in China's enterprises as a whole. Therefore, this paper breaks down the above problems one by one and puts forward several measures, such as state support, establishing a perfect financial management model through investment budget and accounting. These measures can contribute to the development of IT information enterprises.

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