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Assignment代写:Sino-us economic imbalance

2018-07-09 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Sino-us economic imbalance,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了中美经济的失衡。长期以来,中美经济存在明显的不平衡。在中美的贸易中,美国呈长期赤字的状态,中国则表现为长期、较大规模的贸易盈余,导致这种严重失衡的因素有很多。一方面表现在中美交往中中国获得的经济利益。另一方面美国作为全球最发达经济体近年来发展迟缓,金融危机后,美国国内失业率高居不下,赤字严重,经济面临衰落。

Sino-us economic,中美经济失衡,assignment代写,paper代写,美国作业代写

The economic development of China and the United States is a focus that cannot be ignored on the world economic stage. This paper analyzes the situation and causes of economic imbalances, China and the United States put forward economic exchanges between China and the United States is not a zero-sum game, the two countries can be achieved in this kind of interaction and mutual benefit, and further on the sino-us economic imbalances suggest how to improve the development of China.

As the most developed and the largest developing country, the economic and mutual influence between the United States and China has always been the focus that cannot be ignored on the world economic stage. With China's economic development and the slowdown of developed countries, the world economy seems to be undergoing a slow transition from west to east. The economic imbalance between China and the United States affects the development of china-us relations.

For a long time, there has been a marked imbalance between China and the us economy, which is mainly reflected in the imbalance under the current account. In sino-us trade, the us current account has a long-term deficit, while China has a long-term and large trade surplus.

According to the statistics, the us current account deficit is increasing, while China's current account surplus is large for a long time. From the trade surplus between China and the us in 1993 to 2006, the trade surplus between China and the us reached us $232.55 billion.

The economic imbalance between China and the United States is reflected in the trade imbalance, and the core is the current account imbalance. The us trade deficit with China is mainly caused by trade in goods. According to the us department of commerce, the trade deficit in goods between the us and China in 2007 reached us $256.69 billion, accounting for 101.85% of the total trade deficit in goods and services between the us and China. While the trade deficit in goods has occurred, the trade in services between the us and China has maintained a surplus.

Economic imbalance is an objective reality in the economic exchanges between China and the United States, which has exerted an important influence on the two countries. On the one hand, China's export to the United States has brought a boost to economic growth. On the other hand, through trade, the United States obtains a large number of low-price labor-intensive products, which reduces the inflationary pressure. Through industrial transfer, the opportunity of industrial upgrading was obtained, and the domestic industrial structure was optimized.

The economic imbalance between China and the United States is the result of a combination of factors, mainly caused by the following:

In the past 30 years, Asia's emerging economies have rapidly become an important source of world economic growth, especially China. Productivity progress and economic growth have greatly promoted the expansion of foreign export trade.

The per capita income of the United States is high, the social welfare system is relatively perfect, and the marginal propensity of residents to consume is high. In China, by contrast, there is a gap between the developed countries in terms of overall consumption power, and the propensity of Chinese citizens to save is high for a long time. Differences in consumption levels and consumption patterns have caused economic imbalance between the two countries.

For a long time, the RMB has been depreciating against the us dollar. Only in recent years has the RMB appreciated against the us dollar. In addition, China's exports to the United States are mostly labor-intensive products with low added value, and low prices have further increased the trade gap between the two countries.

The developed countries, represented by the United States, actively develop high-tech industries and service industries and transfer a large number of processing industries to developing countries. A large number of multinational companies have invested and set up factories in China, and China has become a global processing and trade base. In addition to production, some foreign companies have moved assembly and assembly links to China and then exported them to other countries. Much of these exports, assembled in China, are also sold to the United States, increasing the trade imbalance between China and the United States.

A variety of factors contribute to the serious economic imbalance between China and the United States. On the one hand, this imbalance is reflected in the economic benefits China has gained from china-us exchanges. With rapid economic development, China has gradually entered the ranks of more developed countries. On the other hand, the United States, as the world's most developed economy, has been slow in recent years. Does China's rise mean that America's economy is in decline? In fact, behind all the hype, economic imbalances lurk big risks to China's economy.

Along with economic development, China's foreign exchange reserves and balance of payments surplus sustained and rapid growth, the appreciation of the renminbi pressure increases, the yuan appreciation against the dollar in 2005 2. 56%, 2006 appreciation of 3. 35%, 2007 to rise 5. 83%. The expectation of RMB appreciation has led to the inflow of foreign and hot money into China, and the surge of foreign exchange reserves has increased the pressure on RMB appreciation. Excess liquidity has led to high inflationary pressure in the domestic market.

As China exports a large number of labor-intensive products to the outside world and competes with relevant industries of the importing country, some countries have launched a boycott of Chinese products to protect domestic industries. After the financial crisis, some countries to pull the economy out of the mire, do not hesitate to implement the trade protection, including launching anti-dumping, competition, 337 investigation, etc., also includes the use of science and technology advantages, set up a harsh environment, technical standards, form the non-tariff barriers for Chinese products. Such barriers have created a serious crisis for Chinese products. High dependence on exports and high barriers have increased the economic influence of the United States on China and increased the voice of the United States in china-us exchanges.

As a global industrial receiver, China has access to capital and technology from developed countries, injecting powerful impetus into economic development, but also depleting domestic resources. Blind introduction of some high pollution and high energy consumption investment facing elimination has a good effect in the short term, but in the long term it has caused serious negative effects in economic development.

Economic cooperation between China and the United States is not a zero-sum game. Both China and the United States are beneficiaries. But there are also hidden dangers in unbalanced economic exchanges. In order to reduce risks and eliminate hidden dangers, China should take measures to:

In the face of the economic imbalances, China has long been export-oriented development strategy adjustment is necessary, adjustment and transformation investment ideas, the introduction of high technology content industry and no environment pollution. When in China foreign economic strategic adjustment according to the international economy changes, grasp the beneficial to the principle of domestic economic development and social stability, the implementation of import substitution strategy, resources and technology introduction, digestion and innovation, make up for a lack of domestic resources and technical strength, to be prepared for the export substitution.

Actively explore domestic market and expand domestic market demand; Reduce foreign dependence on domestic economy, the government should help enterprises to actively explore the domestic market, help enterprises to improve the technology content and promote product upgrading, in order to meet market demand at home and abroad. Expanding it market demand, the first required to raise the level of residents' consumption, create consumption capacity, this requires the government to strengthen regulating income distribution, narrow the gap between rich and poor, to further improve the social security system, to lift worries about consumer spending.

To adjust and optimize the economic structure; For a long time, in the international division of labor, China relies on the comparative advantage of labor force resources play a role of "world factory", in the production of export products for more labor intensive products, this division of Labour in the early stage of economic development has made a great contribution, but in an age of science and technology changes, technology and innovation is the core competitiveness. The Chinese government should help enterprises to improve competitive advantage, promote industrial upgrading, improve the conditions of international trade, in the field of technology intensive and knowledge intensive industry, narrow the gap with developed countries, improve the position in the international industrial division of labor system. In the process of industrial undertaking, attention should be paid to the screening of imported technologies and projects, the introduction of cutting-edge technologies as far as possible, and the rejection of projects with high pollution and high energy consumption.

Improve the ability of independent innovation; as an economic power, if there is no independent innovation ability and no independent intellectual property rights, it will be constrained by others. China, for example, has only a 1.8 percent share of the hundreds of dollars that apple sells for manufacturing in China. Therefore, China should cultivate its own research and development team, cultivate the ability of technological innovation, and gradually give the development of industry a competitive advantage.

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