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Assignment代写:Authenticity of news

2018-06-12 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Authenticity of news,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了新闻的真实性。如今,有些新闻的真实性受到了严峻的考验,一些失实、造假新闻干扰着人们的正常生活,对社会造成了不利影响。真实是新闻的生命,新闻媒体作为人们的喉舌,坚持新闻真实、杜绝虚假报道,关系到新闻媒体的公信力,关系到新闻工作者的形象。新闻工作的根本任务是以正确舆论引导人的观点,新闻工作者应如实的传播新闻,从思想上筑牢抵制虚假新闻的防线。

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With the continuous development of society, people are tempted by various interests, which makes the word "integrity" appear especially important. Not only food, medicine and other industries need integrity, but also news needs integrity. Nowadays, the authenticity of some news has been severely tested. Some false and fake news disturbs the normal life of the people and has a negative impact on the society. Therefore, news cannot be separated from facts. Truth is the life of news.

What is news? In China's journalism academy, the most authoritative news definition is lu dingyi's "news definition is the report of recent facts" in 1943. Fan changjiang, a famous journalist, also defined news, "news is an important fact that the masses want to know but should not know". Professor wang zhong, a famous journalist and news educator in China, introduced the concept of communication and defined news as the dissemination of newly changing facts. In addition, professor gan xifen, a famous Chinese news theorist, defines journalism as a "special means of reporting or commenting on the latest important facts to influence public opinion". By the definition given by the four journalists above, it is clear that facts are the source of news, and news is a report of recent or discovered facts, without which there is no news.

On July 8, 2007, the program "transparency" of the life channel of Beijing TV station broadcast the false news entitled "steamed bun made of paper". The story is based on a story that has been made up of a number of black processing sites in a district of Beijing using waste cartons to make small cages for sale as fillings. After the news was broadcast, it was reprinted and rebroadcast by many media, which caused wide attention from domestic and foreign public opinion and caused extremely bad social influence. According to the Beijing municipal party committee propaganda department report, in the middle of June, the Beijing television station life channel "transparency" a temporary personnel comes with from the market to buy meat, flour and carton, directed to one such as who will be the carton after soaking by water mixed with meat, steamed stuffed bun, use own home DV machine manufacture process and audio clips, use deception for broadcast. Can say, "the paper do steamed stuffed bun," this article fake news, not only in violation of state laws and regulations, the party's news discipline and professional ethics, interfere with the normal order of social life, also harm the journalist team's overall image, damaged the authority and credibility of the news media, caused the bad social influence. Lenin once said: "we should say the truth, because this is our strength", say again: "full coverage and explain to the public the truth, not grandiose, not arbitrary, not rumors, don't be gross private reports". Real is the life of the news, the news media, as the mouthpiece of the party and the people, adhere to the news is true, to eliminate the false reports, related to the credibility of the news media that is related to image of journalists. The fundamental task of news work is to guide people with the correct opinion of public opinion. Journalists should disseminate news truthfully and build a solid ideological defense against false news.

The principle of "three nearness" refers to being close to reality, life and the masses. Only close to the scene, nuanced understanding of the truth, to understand the people of dribs and drabs, get news clues and more true feelings, in turn pale in comparison to the story, serious is inaccurate. At present, in some practical cases, many journalists because something did not go to the scene, or even don't want to go to the scene, but only by phone, E-mail and other information, just in this writing manuscript, caused many good clues of events and emotions is not discover and, seriously distorted the original intention. That's why journalists can only feel and understand things when they are there. The central propaganda department, the central propaganda bureaus and foreign affairs offices, state administration of radio, film and television, press and publication and the domestic five departments have a video meeting, called for the national news front organization to carry out "walk at the grass-roots level, turn style, change style" activities, aimed at promoting journalists will earnestly the mass viewpoint and the mass line in practice of news propaganda, go deep among the masses production life on the line, the brush strokes, microphone, and camera at the general public. In tieling news "reporter spring go grassroots series" is one of the city: the Spring Festival can't forget the sanitation workers back ", reported that during the Spring Festival, sanitation workers can't rest, still firmly on their jobs, quietly services for citizens. To feel the hardship of sanitation workers in this special profession, the reporter joined the sanitation workers at the beginning of the day at 5 am. At the end of the interview, the reporter's feelings are quite deep, and a sense of admiration keeps stirring in his heart. Reporters don't have experience of sanitation workers hard, also won't have such strong admiration of love, written reports are just plain press release, in which may add something no sanitation workers work, make the report there are some false phenomenon.

The social responsibility of journalists refers to the responsibility of those engaged in journalistic professional activities to the social role and social significance of their professional behaviors. The professional cultivation of journalists mainly includes political cultivation, ideological cultivation, legal concept, professional moral cultivation and professional ability cultivation. Now, as media forms continue to expand and competition becomes more intense, some journalists have thrown aside their moral defenses to distort the facts, regardless of the consequences, for their own benefit. Famous British journalist John ? DE Ryan said: "the same as the historian, journalists' duties is in a desperate search for the truth, so his contribution to the reader, is not a policy, such as national policy, but only do what they can get the truth." Seen such A report, A furniture manufacturing company A head for another B furniture manufacturing company to produce A product in terms of price, sales are better than their own advantages, so the head to the province Taiwan press B company whether there is any quality problem is put forward. But the reporter in not for B company product quality appraisal, and another reporter attempted exposure and implementation of company B mattress so-called "black heart cotton" problem, and acquaintances to find its fabricating "company B mattress is faulty, child sleep pimples, looking for a manufacturer to nobody tube" false facts, such as a column exposure in the province, which causes great damage to murder of his goods. In July 2003, one of the two journalists was convicted by the court of damaging the reputation of commodities and was expelled from public office. This report fully shows that the two journalists have violated the professional ethics and qualities of journalists, and even more, they have violated all the qualities of a human being. This practice has not only damaged the reputation of businesses, created an atmosphere of panic, but also caused extremely bad effects in the society. Journalists represents a direction of public opinion, report the fake news damaged the credibility of the news media, also damaged the image of the news team, so we have to put a stop to and the fight against fake news, improve their own moral accomplishment, adhere to the principle of from set out actually, seek truth from facts, and use the right public opinion direction to guide the masses of the people, maintain the authenticity of the news.

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