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Assignment代写:Western belief crisis

2017-12-19 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Western belief crisis,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了西方信仰危机。如今的西方,人们已经不满于自己为一个没有人格的机械人,他们提出了自主人格的观念,而自主人格又不可避免地导致了民族歧视,利己主义。基督教信仰被抛弃,理性和自主人格的信仰又无法保持和谐,相互抵触,濒临崩溃,而西方世界又没有一个能普遍接受的世界观,因此现代西方文化正面临空前的信仰危机,正处于一个重要的转折点。

belief crisis,信仰危机,assignment代写,paper代写,留学生作业代写

The rapid development of science and technology has brought about environmental deterioration, violent conflict, excessive material desires, democracy and freedom have been trampled on, the former rationalism, free personality is questioned ... The prospects for the development of Western culture are precarious. Through the analysis of theoretical basis, historical basis and mass basis, this paper aims to explain whether Christianity can once again become the salvation power of Western cultural crisis, and can become the Western "Noah's Ark" in the flood of violence and material desires.

In the Bible, Adam and Eve were expelled from the Garden of Eden for eating forbidden fruit. The world is full of violence, hatred and jealousy. God saw all kinds of human sins, angry, decided to use the flood to destroy this already corrupted world, "Noah's Ark" was born. It is a myth, a ship that brings hope. When the floods flooded the Earth, the "Noah's Ark" was safe, and even as the floods continued to rise, the "Noah's Ark" was always above the flood, and when all the creatures were almost spared the flood, "Noah's Ark" brought hope for the continuance of life.

Thousands of years later, the Western world will face nuclear weapons, environmental degradation, resource depletion, terrorism, excessive and other threats, such as floods in all corners of the world, devouring the Western world's glorious civilization. The Western culture is encountering the unprecedented riot and the tragedy, is in the extremely dangerous situation. So, who will be the "ark" of this flood, who can make the Western world survive and perpetuate Western culture?

The crisis is "a serious danger to the survival of the key to success." It is small to a belief, large to a nation, the state and other things with a certain quality will lose their own stipulation, to the critical moment of survival. The Western culture crisis is that Western culture has been confronted with the latent trouble machine. True, the West has a long history of tradition, it has a profound impact on the process of world history, it created a brilliant cultural achievements, greatly enriched the world's cultural treasures. Today, Western culture is still a charm in the eyes of non-Westerners. Where freedom, human rights, welfare, fashion ... No one attracts people like a magnet, and even the modernization and globalization are equated with Westernization. In the bottom of the Bible, these enviable cultural features all benefit from Christianity.

In the West, there was a time when Christianity seemed to be the glue that put culture all together. It absorbs, embraces ancient Greek, Roman culture, Jewish culture, barbarian culture: It preaches fairness, justice, it teaches us "to love one another, as I love you." "Thus, they believe that human freedom, dignity, and law come from God who acts as everything."

While the West is caught in a cultural crisis, it is plunged into an extreme belief crisis, or a crisis of faith that has led to today's cultural crisis. "Faith is the basic attitude of a man, the character that permeates all his experiences, the belief that makes people face reality without illusions and live by faith." "Faith as a positive way of thinking, its unique function is a huge cohesion, it is this cohesion so that the belief to obtain their own characteristics, show their reality, and form their own vitality." It is this realistic function and vitality that ensures that the state of human mental consciousness is not a kind of unpredictable and blind stream of consciousness because of the dispel force of suspicion. The belief crisis is the effect of the original belief due to the dispel of the suspicion mechanism, from the belief to the perplexity, from the perplexity to the worry, from the worry to disillusionment, namely the total loss and collapse of faith.

Science and technology based on observational experiments make God superfluous, and the Westerner gradually doubts and abandons the Christian faith and turns to the dependence of reason. This is undoubtedly an alternative form of faith. However, the above cultural crisis shows that rationality can not solve the problems caused by technology, but it leads to a mechanistic worldview. In such a world view, people are treated as objects of nature and do not consider the value and meaning of life. Nowadays it is lawful to manipulate and destroy others as objects for their own benefit. The result of this change has been the genocide of the last century, the Holocaust and other abuses that disregard the rights of man to live.

Thus, modern people are dissatisfied with themselves as a robot without personality, they put forward the concept of independent personality, and the independent personality inevitably led to ethnic discrimination, egoism. The Christian faith is abandoned, the reason and the belief of the independent personality can not maintain harmony, mutual conflict, the verge of collapse, and the Western world has not a universally accepted worldview, so modern Western culture is facing an unprecedented belief crisis, is at an important turning point. In a state of crisis, Westerners begin to despair of history, disillusioned to reality and lose confidence in the future. Just as the famous British poet T S Eliot in the land of drought, no vitality of the wilderness another the ideological situation in the early 20th century: the old beliefs of mankind, the structure of thinking broken, and the new ideal has not yet been born, the spirit is in a state of nothingness. "At that time there was a sense of emptiness in all things to man, and for those who were lost in themselves, adherence to religious precepts and indulging in sexual desire were two ways of relieving the sense of emptiness." ”。 So the biggest problem for Westerners is that they have lost hope. This desperation contrasts with the confidence of the First World War on the never-ending progress of mankind, marked by the success of the West. Young people no longer believe that they can have a richer lifestyle than their parents, nor do they see a new hope of saving doom.

Religion, as an important cultural phenomenon of mankind, is an important part of human culture, from the day it was born, it occupies the important position of human civilization and profoundly affects almost all cultural fields. Religion is inseparable from the normal life of mankind. Religion is the source of human civilization, is the product of human intelligence. Christian culture and Greek and Roman culture are regarded as the source of Western culture, abandoned this root, Western culture has become source, roots. The essence of Christianity is the affirmation of the world through its negative experience of the world. In the world view of the negation of Doomsday, Jesus proclaimed the ethic of positive love. ”

The history of Christianity for more than 2000 years shows that it constantly adjusts according to the development of the Times and the changes of people's psychological needs. It is not an established, static entity, but a historical development of religion. For example, the concept of "God" was originally a symbol of the power of redemption; in the Middle Ages, it was the power of order; In the 19th century, it was the embodiment of eternal love and eternal justice, and in the 20th century it became the relationship structure of the noble spirit. Therefore, Christianity was the world view of the poor people in the West in the early period, then became the world view of feudalism and later the world view of bourgeois. Now it will usher in a new development and prove its vitality to the world again.

Christianity is the largest religious group in the world. Although the entire Christian world is facing an unprecedented crisis of faith, the believers are gradually abandoning their faith, but the Westerners are still enduring the Christian faith, the proportion of people who believe in God is always high. Even the High-tech United States, religious atmosphere is very strong, because it has the government or other institutions can not play the social functions and psychological functions.

The rapid development of science and technology makes the competition between people extremely cruel, Westerners tend to produce anxiety, emptiness and loneliness, which can be explained by the surge in the number of psychologists. But psychologists can not replace the Christian faith, it can not make people have a true sense of belonging, to obtain psychological comfort.

Human beings in the secular life, but also need spiritual life and spiritual pursuit, in the not ideal reality, but also have ideal vision, in the not free of the shore, but also look at the other side of freedom. Because, only in the spirit of the world, the imagination of the world, the other side of the world, mankind may be free from all kinds of secular life "shackles" to complete the realm of freedom. In the face of the great crisis of Western culture, its future is full of trouble machine today, Christianity relies on its own vitality and irreplaceable social and psychological function will be able to raise the sails of hope. It teaches people to love neighbors like themselves, to respect life, it provides God, heaven and afterlife, and it builds a "Noah's Ark" for the Western spiritual life, where Westerners can once again get "meaning" and find spiritual home.

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