代写范文

留学资讯

写作技巧

论文代写专题

服务承诺

资金托管
原创保证
实力保障
24小时客服
使命必达

51Due提供Essay,Paper,Report,Assignment等学科作业的代写与辅导,同时涵盖Personal Statement,转学申请等留学文书代写。

51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标

私人订制你的未来职场 世界名企,高端行业岗位等 在新的起点上实现更高水平的发展

积累工作经验
多元化文化交流
专业实操技能
建立人际资源圈

留学生作业代写:Cold War in the 1970s and 1980s

2017-11-14 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Cold War in the 1970s and 1980s,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了20世纪70年代和20世纪80年代的冷战。冷战,指的是二战后美国和苏联以及他们各自的盟友之间的政治、经济、军事斗争。而美国和苏联之间的意识形态差异,在资本主义和共产主义之间,被认为是导致冷战的主要原因。在20世纪70年代和80年代,两国使用了各种方式,包括经济制裁和军事战争,如美国的越南战争和苏联的阿富汗战争,在其他国家传播他们各自的意识形态。

Cold War,冷战,assignment代写,paper代写,留学生作业代写

By definition, the cold war refers to the period 1947-1991 (after World War II) where a state of political and military tension between super powers(Fleming, 1961),namely the United States and the Soviet Union, as well as their respective allies. Indeed, the fighting fronts and focus were different during different stages.

In this article, we focus on the stage of cold war in the 1970s and 1980s. The interpretation will be presented in four key schemes(Westad, 2013).

I. Ideological Divide

Indeed, the ideological difference between the U.S. and the USSR, between the capitalism and the communism, is considered as the key reason of the emergence of the cold war. In the 1970s and 1980s, both powers used various ways, including economic sanctions and military wars such as the Vietnam War by the United States and the Afghanistan war by the Soviet Union, to spread their respective ideology among other countries.

II. National Expansion

As a result of the collapses of the Nazi Germany in Europe and imperial Japan in Asia, significant political vacuums were created after the World War II. Hence, the global political map had been totally changed(Maier, 1977).Since 1945, national expansion had become one of the key focuses for both the United States and the Soviet Union(Brands, 1994). In the 1970s and 1980s, both countries expanded drastically in various fields, including military, space, economy and science. For instance, the successful landing on the moon was achieved by the United States in 1969, in responding to the first ever manned space flight in the history by the Soviet Union in 1966.

III. Militarization

Due to the World War II, enormous militarization was achieved by various countries, including Nazi Germany, Imperial Japan and China. As the two super powers then, the United States and the Soviet Union actually increased the military budget after the end of the World War II, instead of reducing it, to defend their territory, as well as their spheres of influence(Chomsky, 1996).The United States air and naval bases were spreading throughout the world while the Soviet Union possessed the most powerful ground force (a part of this force actually stayed in the East Germany for more than a decade).

IV. Economic Hegemony

Due to the severe devastation suffered by the Soviet Union as a result of the invasion by Nazi Germany, the United States established an economic hegemony since the 1950s, with the Bretton Woods Conference as the landmark. As a result, the United States wanted a dominant role economically and politically. However, the Soviet Union would never want dependence on the United States in any means. In the 1970s and 1980s, the Soviet Union had recovered from the war devastation and tried to break the American economic hegemony by loans and aids to the allies. Nevertheless, this policy had a negative effect on its domestic economy and is considered as one of the key reasons of the Era of Stagnation in the mid-1970s(Rutland, 2009).

In conclusion, the cold war in the 1970s and 1980s is a key stage in the history of 20th century. In this article, interpretation of this era is presented in four key schemes, including ideological divide, national expansion, militarization and American economic hegemony.

References

BRANDS, H. W. 1994. The devil we knew: Americans and the Cold War, Oxford University Press.

CHOMSKY, N. 1996. World orders, old and new, Columbia University Press.

FLEMING, D. F. 1961. The Cold War and Its Origins: 1917-1960. 1950-1960, Doubleday.

MAIER, C. S. 1977. The politics of productivity: foundations of American international economic policy after World War II. International Organization, 31, 607-633.

RUTLAND, P. 2009. The politics of economic stagnation in the Soviet Union: the role of local party organs in economic management, Cambridge University Press.

WESTAD, O. A. 2013. Reviewing the Cold War: Approaches, Interpretations, Theory, Routledge.

51due留学教育原创版权郑重声明:原创assignment代写范文源自编辑创作,未经官方许可,网站谢绝转载。对于侵权行为,未经同意的情况下,51Due有权追究法律责任。主要业务有assignment代写、essay代写、paper代写服务。

51due为留学生提供最好的assignment代写服务,亲们可以进入主页了解和获取更多assignment代写范文 提供留学生作业代写服务,详情可以咨询我们的客服QQ:800020041。-ZR

上一篇:Assignment代写:Enterprise cost c 下一篇:Assignment代写:Computers and chi