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20世纪美国好莱坞黑人电影的演变--Essay代写范文

2016-12-21 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 更多范文

留学essay代写范文:20世纪美国好莱坞黑人电影的演变  本文是关于20世纪美国好莱坞黑人电影演变过程的探讨,美国黑人在1963年之前一直受到歧视,1963年8月28日,马丁·路德·金在华盛顿林肯纪念堂举行的群众大会上,题为“我有一个梦想的演讲”,从马丁·路德的演说开始,黑人的地位有了明显的变化,现在的电影界里黑人了有着重要的地位。


August 28, 1963, when Martin Luther King in Washington Lincoln memorial mass meeting, entitled the I have a dream speech, he may not have realized that this speech has such shattered power, can lead to blacks in the later on the road towards liberal democracy forward continuously.
(Kurlansky 186)In 1968 he was stabbed to death, but his dream continued. Forty years later, another black people Barack Obama boarded the American election and finally becomes a new American President, created the history of this country, make the "American dream" has a more practical meaning.

Films produce or create dreams, add a lot of footnotes for "American dreams", becomes the most successful kind of art to reappear the "American dream".As time goes by, the proportion of black actors in the 21st century of Hollywood is increasing day by day, and the number of  black actors who won the Oscar Academy Award is increasing too. Denzel Washington by the virtue of Training Day won the 74th Oscar Academy Award for best actor, Halle Berry with film Monster’s Ball won the 74th Oscar Academy Award for best actress, Morgan Freeman with film Million DollarBaby won the 79th Oscar Academy Award for best supporting actor, Sidney Poitier won the 74th Oscar Academy Award for lifetime achievement award. In addition, Jamie Fox, Forrest Whitaker, Jennifer Hudson and other black actors all gained the honor of Oscar Academy Award.
For more than a century, the image of the blacks in American movies has dramatically changed. But to a certain extant it is still thoughtless to acknowledge a equal status between the blacks and white. The proportion of main roles of blacks is far less than their counterpart. Obtaining the same status as whites in the movie still has a long way to go for the blacks. Entman, Robert, and Rojecki (1) argue that although the physical conditions for black people has been improving since 1960s, the color of skin is still the racial identity determining the social appraisal and disadvantages the blacks in social competition. It is not only the problem about films but the issue concerning racial discrimination and human rights.
Films are naturally linked to culture, society and public attentions. To a certain extent, film is not only a reflection of public desires and social thoughts, but also a guide to influence them. It seems that unreal film cannot directly change people’s mindset or impact the social development, but it can affect people’s view of things subtly, especially those epidemic films. In the history of American films, the images of black people are changing with the time pace and present different characters on the screen. Therefore, it is valuable to discuss the relationship between the change of American social environment and the change of black images in American movies.
After the great voyages movement of the 15th century, western colonialists used to plunder on African continent and American continent. The slave trade had been launched for hundredsof years. Black people of Africa had been captured and sold to the farms and plantations of America. Since black people entered the American continent, the identity of them was slave. Black people were socially disadvantaged, and were considered the opposite of white people. In addition, because of the gap of language, the conflict of religious belief and the imperfection of education, the blacks lost their discourse power for about one hundred years, even in American which claims to be liberal, democratic and equal. From the birth of movie to the World War II, black images of Hollywood mainstream films were uglified optionally and the living condition of them was dodged deliberately. According to Paul Gormely (57), the common characteristics of the African-American film at the beginning of 20 century were the images of the violent and uncontrollable lives of black males. The films of that time were the propaganda of racial discrimination.
By the influence of literature, the film called Uncle Tom’s Cabin which is based on Stowe’s famous novel has made “Tom” become a classic black image in American film. The basic quality of Tom is simple, integrity, loyalty. He dedicated himself to his white master. In the history of world film, Uncle Tom’s Cabin has been repeatedly adapted for movies. Other films with such black image are For Master’s Sake (1911), The Debt (1912), In Slavery Days (1912), etc. This kind of movies shaped quite a lot of black slaves of Tom type, who are extremely loyal to their masters, and drastically exaggerated the plot, believed that black people are born slaves and must be loyal to whites. The different between black slaves is only whether the master is good or bad, and according to this, to get a better or worse treatment. The aim to shape those images of good master and good servant is to disrupt the revolt of the blacks.
During the World War I, American shot a film with strong racial discrimination, namely The Birth of the Nation which is directed by so called “the father of the American film” D.W.Griffith. “This film portrayed blacks as unquestioning slaves and ignorant criminals, who is specialized in murder, robbery and rape......whereas Ku Klux Klan, the ancestor of secret police, has been depicted as an army made up of honest American people.” This film especially stressed the figure of “evil blacks”, tremendously exaggerated the fear of the whites caused by the blacks. Therefore, the whites get a heroism-like reason that the aim of persecuting the blacks is to purify the society and to prevent white women from being infringed by them. Since the film successfully catered to the prevailing sentiment of racism, its sales performance was second to none. This film had been showed for a long time, therefore, the racial discrimination of it had been propagandized for years. Meanwhile, after this movie, black images in films had been setted as the representative of barbaric, evil and erotic.

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