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Global Business Standards

2021-07-22 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

51Due教员组给各位留学生分享一篇纯原创代写范文essay,文章主要讨论全球商业标准法典,公司行为准则被理解为道德准则。本道德规范在组织中被认为是重要的。拥有道德规范的实体的主要目标是确保组织的利益相关者远离组织的运营标准(Wilson和Abiola,2013)。这些标准有助于确保组织能够将其能力传达给其运营的响应性实践场所。

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The corporate Code of Conduct is understood to be a Code of Ethics. This code of Ethics is considered to be important in an organization. The main objective of an entity having the Code of Ethics is to ensure that stakeholders of the organization are made away of standards of operations of the organization (Wilson, & Abiola, 2013). The standards help to ensure that the organization can convey its ability to commit to responsive practice places that it operates. Unethical or ethical characters are considered to be actions that are considered to right or wrong. Ethical considerations as per the Sadhu case involve demonstration of virtues and justice. These aspects are aimed towards informing how ethical considerations and daily dealings in an organization should be carried out (Sethi, 2013).


Analysis

1a. In the story, author Bowen, anthropologists Steven, Pasang, Sherpa, Swiss, New Zealanders, and Japanese made a "loose" team during the trip to the Himalayas, although everyone's goals are old and the sacred village of Muklinath, which has special significance for climbers, but everyone has encountered environmental and physical dilemmas. With the advent of Sadhu, different moral dilemmas and behaviors have emerged due to the different values. Moral Foundations Theory, also called as the Moral Five Foundations Theory, is a new comprehensive theoretical system based on evolutionary psychology and multicultural morality. It has four basic theoretical assumptions and five moral foundations. Haidt and his collaborators have combed the existing multi-ethical content and empirical research, and proposed five basic moral content shared by human beings (Graham et al., 2013). Based on this theory, this article will judge the morality of the characters in the case.

The first is the New Zealander. It was he who discovered the Sadhu and carried him back to the place where the climber rested at 1.55 million feet. He gave the ascetic monks to other climbers on the grounds that “we” had guidance and more conditions to take care of the Sadhu. According to Moral Foundations Theory put forward by Haidt, the  Loyalty/Betrayal principle refers to that in a multi-competitive environment, individuals point to the ethical content of their group. Loyalty to internal groups enables groups to become more cohesive in evolution, thereby gaining more resources and benefits in the environment (Roccas & McCauley, 2004). Betraying the inner group and undermining the rules of the group can lead to anger among the betrayers. On the contrary, the members of the group get a sense of pride and glory (Graham et al., 2013). The behavior of the New Zealander violated the standard of loyalty, transferring his responsibility onto others who should not have taken the responsibility within the group. Therefore, he is an unethical person.

In the Moral Foundations Theory, the Care/Harm principle means that ethical content and reactions related to caring and protecting others from harm. In order to take care of future generations and relatives to ensure the continuation of species, humans evolved innate compassion, altruism and other moral content related to love and injury (Graham et al., 2013). And Fairness/Cheating has the meaning that evolutionary psychology believes that individuals who are sensitive to deception and cooperation are prone to adequate living resources (Trivers, 1971). And deception, cheating, and uneven distribution can trigger people's sensitivity to fairness, and lead to anger, guilt, and disgust; generosity, feedback, etc. will be grateful (Graham et al., 2013). And the author, Bowen and the Swiss left the ascetic to leave some warm clothing and left, choosing to continue climbing the snowy mountains. The author and the Swiss meet the standards of care, fairness, and loyalty, so their actions are not ethical.

In addition, the Japanese, who gave some food and water to the ascetic, but refused to use their own mater to walk to the shack, also met the standards of fairness and loyalty, but refused to share their conditions if they were qualified to save the Sadhu, which was a violation of the standards of care. Finally, Stephen, he is the longest person to take care of the ascetic, until the ascetic can take the stone to throw the puppy before leaving, continue to climb. His behavior satisfies the standards of care, fairness, and loyalty, so he can be said to be moral.

There are two other principles of the Moral Foundations Theory not used in this case analysis. Firsly, Authority/Subversion. When individuals interact in a hierarchical group, they refer to the moral content of the upper and lower levels (respecting obedience to superiors and protecting subordinates). Its evolutionary basis is the legal and symmetrical position formed by resource division and power struggle within the group (Rai & Fiske, 2011). Destruction of order can lead to emotional disorientation and contempt for the destructor, while respect and obedience are seen as virtues related to power (Graham et al., 2013). Secondly, Sanctity/Degradation. Moral content related to keeping holiness and avoiding taint. In order to avoid infectious diseases, humans have evolved into a behavioral immune system that can quickly detect dangerous information and automatically escape the danger through aversive reactions (Schaller & Park, 2011). In order to maximize protection and adaptability, the hazard signals detected by the system include not only spoiled foods, germs, but also “unclean” individuals and groups that may pose a hazard. In addition, religious beliefs, national identity, etc. connect people into individual moral societies, and symbolic signs (such as crosses) representing their core values have similar meanings (Navarrete & Fessler, 2006). When these signs are defamed or offended, the clean moral foundation of the individual is also quickly activated, causing disgust (Haidt, 2012).

The commonality of these people is that everyone seems to have paid a little bit, but the money is paid on the premise that they are not excessively inconvenient, and they are not responsible for the Sadhu. The difference is that the degree of care is different. Stephen is the most responsible member of a devout church, but he is not completely responsible for the Sadhu. The performance of the above climbers was based on the individual's value judgments.

 

 

1b. An enterprise is a profitable economic organization engaged in economic activities such as production, circulation, and service, to meet the needs of the society by producing live services, and to implement self-operated operations, independent accounting, and legally established (Messerly, 2014). It can be seen from the definition of the enterprise that the fundamental goal of the enterprise is profitability, so the individual profit-seeking value of the enterprise itself is not enough to support the sustainable development of the enterprise, which means that if the enterprise wants to maintain its sustainable development, it will There must be more support points, which need to be completed with the construction of corporate ethics culture. Moral culture is the core content of corporate culture. Corporate culture is the organic unity of corporate management philosophy, behavioral norms, moral norms, customs and traditions that are gradually formed and developed in the process of long-term production and management (Messerly, 2014). As the case of Sadhu shows, ethical culture is the most fundamental in corporate culture, and it determines the direction of other cultural activities and the practice of employees.

The role of leadership, particularly of an organization is a critical issue. This is mainly because of the organization`s success and failure are heavily hinged on the leadership style. In addition to this, leadership is closely related to management and this implies that it impacts management of an organization in several ways (Messerly, 2014). In this light discussions on the role of leadership can be effectively handled using the GBS Codex. However, the GBS Codex falls short of its ability to conclusively address leadership issues. In this light, an additional resource on leadership needs to be complemented by the GBS Code when handling the subject role of leadership (Wilson, & Abiola, 2013).

This perspective is informed by the fact that, GBS Codex would pay attention to the ethical aspects of leadership. However, the role of leadership is not limited to ethical dealings only. Instead, it is a subject that spans other areas like delivery, effectiveness, and efficiency of the role of leadership in an organization.

In addition to this role of leadership is also critical in promoting cohesiveness of an organization. This is because, through proper leadership, collaboration becomes possible. Collaboration in its context inspires understanding and increases the effectiveness and efficiency of members of an organization (Restina, 2018). In this way, the role of leadership in an organization encompasses a wide array of aspect that requires more than a single tool in handling it. In order to be effective in discussing the role of leadership, utilization of GBS Codex would be a critical necessity (Sethi, 2013). Nevertheless, incorporation of other aspects like ethical theories cannot be underestimated. This is because ethical theories help in ensuring that, organizational leadership does not only execute their duties blindly. Instead, it aims towards ensuring that organizational leadership is able to execute their leadership duties in a responsible and ethical way. This, therefore, informs the need for ethical theory resources in discussing the role of leadership (Jimenez, 2018).

In the same perspective, leadership is aligned with the management of people or organization. Effectiveness in handling discussions on the role of leadership involves approaching it from a management perspective. This is because leaders are also managers. It, therefore, implies that management resources form a critical aspect in the discussion of the role of leadership (Gamble, 2015).

In the same perspective, human resource in an organization focuses on promoting an understanding of how the workforce in an organization is obtained and managed. Leaders in an organization also deal with the same workforce since they have to lead them through various activities. As a result of this, resources on human resource and workplace behaviors stand exceptional in discussing the role of leaders (Carroll, & Buchholtz, 2017). This is because; it will help in understanding how people behave in an organization as well as in groups and individual. Resources on the human resource are also distinctive because they shade light on the potential source of organizational stress and how leaders can handle such situations. Such resources help in ensuring that the subject of leaders` ole is effectively understood from multiple perspectives (Bower, Leonard, & Paine, 2011).

In addition to these, conflict management and handling is also a critical resource that is needed in discussing the roles of leaders. Leaders in several occasions find themselves in a conflicting situation (Valenty, 2012). Some of these conflicts involve decisions that they have to make while others involve those that they lead. In this way, the approach that leaders use to handle conflict remains a crucial resource that shades light on the roles of leaders (Braithaite, & Drahos, 2016). Conflict handling and conflict management also shade light on the diverse nature of roles that leaders play (Tripathi, & Mukerji, 2013). This is because; it details how leaders engage in ensuring that disagreement amongst people that they lead are properly handled. In addition to this, it also gives an illustration of how, leaders manage diverse opinion of people hey lead and rally them towards a common pursuit (Braithaite, & Drahos, 2016).

Finally, resources on negotiation also stand to be crucial in discussing leaders. This is mainly because negotiations involve aspects like compromise, understanding and interest considerations. It is important to note that, leaders play an important role in negotiating given divergent opinions amongst their followers. This is by presenting alternatives that would fit interests of all those that they lead. As a result of this, their roles are able to manifest themselves in an effective way based on how they reconcile the divergent interests of their members (Braithaite, & Drahos, 2016).


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