代写范文

留学资讯

写作技巧

论文代写专题

服务承诺

资金托管
原创保证
实力保障
24小时客服
使命必达

51Due提供Essay,Paper,Report,Assignment等学科作业的代写与辅导,同时涵盖Personal Statement,转学申请等留学文书代写。

51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标

私人订制你的未来职场 世界名企,高端行业岗位等 在新的起点上实现更高水平的发展

积累工作经验
多元化文化交流
专业实操技能
建立人际资源圈

The Research on IGOs and NGOs in International Politics

2021-07-01 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

51Due教员组今天给各位留学生带来一篇纯原创代写政治范文,讲的是国际政治中的igo与ngo研究,希望这篇可以帮助到各位留学生,同时需要代写也可以直接联系我们51Due客服vx(vx:Jenny_dynh)进行咨询。

 

The Research on IGOs and NGOs in International Politics

 

Introduction

In the past a few years after the Second World War, the focus of international relations has been increasingly shifted to economic environmental and cultural aspects, leading to a result that the roles of economic, environmental, cultural and other factors have been significantly valued (Qin, 2004). Inter-Government Organizations(IGO) used to be limited outside of international politics but they have been playing importantly unique roles in international community due to their multilateral nature, such as the United Nations (UN), the European Union(EU) and so on. In the meanwhile, the number of Non-Governmental Organizations(NGO) has been rapidly increased with widespread impacts. Basically, it is reflected that the international community is heading to an organic development direction with the efforts from both Inter-Government Organizations and Non-Governmental Organizations. This has also provided an opportunity to study the international politics in a theoretical and smooth way for a deeper exploration. Despite of the fact that the current international community has not shaped into an entirely ideal community similar to a social state frame, however, many world-famous scholars have acknowledged the more and more important roles played by many Inter-Government Organizations and Non-Governmental Organizations. Particularly, they have been especially important in coordinating international relationships in their fields respectively, which is difficulty for traditional international political realism to make a rational analysis. Under this situation, it is necessary to learn current international political environment firstly. Then, the paper aims to make an exploration of how Inter-Government Organizations and Non-Governmental Organizations are influencing the international politics by identifying their roles and functions among international community.

 

The Interpretation of International Politics

Contemporary international relations can be characterized by confusing and intertwined features. Nowadays, international community makes efforts to establish a fair and rational order for politics and economy, but has been repeatedly frustrated. It must be realized that world peace and stability is under huge pressure of traditional and non-traditional factors, and the development of human beings are facing unprecedented opportunities and challenges. In face of this situation, contemporary international relations have shown new tendencies in politics, economy, culture, military, security and so on, from which political relations are extremely important.

 

Nowadays, the contemporary international politics is experiencing a transition period, the general features are as follows. Peace and development are the major themes of the times. The world powers have transferred from poles towards multi-polarization tendency, indicating strengthened interdependence among different countries. The concept of power is central to international relations (Barnett, Duvall 2016). The main increase is shown from the increase in the number, type and power. On the other hand, nevertheless, worldwide hegemonism, aggressive politics, and terrorism are still existing, resulting in continuously regional conflicts and territorial wars. International politics can affect the development of the whole world, such as the collapse of bipolar structure, the collapse of the Soviet Union, the unifying of Germany, the rapid establishment of anti-terrorism alliance, the eastward expansion of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the conflicts occurring to Rwanda, Kashmir and so on. All of these reflect the rapidly changing political situations of contemporary international politics. On the whole, the pursuit of peace, stability, cooperation and development are the core issues of promoting international politics, and the most common appeal and concern for people all over the world.

 

The Development Process of IGO and NGO

International organizations are the product of international social, political and economical development to a certain stage and the product of multi-polarization development among different political powers. The organizations with modern significance have spent many decades for establishment and evolution. Particularly, the period after the Second World War has provided chances for their further development. It is a golden age for the history of international organizations before the end of the Second World War to the end of the 1980s (Qin, 2004). A great number of Inter-Government Organizations represented by the United Unions came into existence throughout the whole world. In the meanwhile, more Non-Governmental Organizations developed rapidly with impressive scale. According to Union of International Associations (1992/93), there was a total number of 213 international organizations during the early 1900s. The number of international organizations then increased to 1117 in the year of 1956. Till the end of the Cold War in 1990, the amount of international organizations abruptly soared to 26, 656, with a 25 multiplied relationship within 81 years.

 

The rapid development of these organizations are benefited from the evolution from international community since the end of the Second World War. The formation of the international trade market, the establishment of worldwide capital market and the spread of modern science and technology revolution have contributed to the interdependence among countries. Gradually, there are strongly supporting demands for international governance mechanism and organizations. The governance responsibilities of international organization are highly expected from worldwide people. There is a significant change occurring to international community participants. When traditional sovereign states and Inter-Government Organizations play a dominant role in dealing with international relations, the emergence of many Non-Governmental Organizations are also actively participant in international relations( Doh, Guay  2010). The gradual organizational mechanism of international organizations are not only reflected from the increase in their amount, but more importantly, the expansion in the scope of international organizations’ activities.

 

The Roles and Impacts of Inter-Government OrganizationsThe Forum and Negotiating Place for International Community

For many sovereign states, the sovereign coexistence means that countries can have different or totally opposing arguments for international affairs. In this situation, they have demands for appropriate channels for a common communication and the IGO offer an international forum chances for different counties in a legal way. Inter-Government Organizations have a permanent and fixed international conference system, offering sites for member states for connection and communication. On the basis of equal participation in international political institutions, the member states are free to express their positions as well as arguments and fully discuss on international issues. This is beneficial to form international consensus in event declaration and public opinion, to coordination member states to take rational policies and actions. For instance, the United Unions have been playing an extremely important role in this area.

 

The Organizers and Promoters for International Legislation

There is no unified international legislation organization surpassing worldwide states. In a certain sense, the formulation of international rules can be taken as international legislation. Since the end of the Second World War, there have been many international rules, principle and systems intending to be adapted to the needs of different international communities (Qin, 2004).. Basically, the drafting and permission of this regulations covering international political issues are largely accomplished by Inter-Government Organizations. A specialized agency in the UN responsible for the development and codification of international regulations, promoting the creation and adopting of a large number of international conventions. It can be acknowledged that it is the development of contemporary Inter-Government Organizations that has promoted the formation of international legislation. Therefore, international community has paid more and more attention to the supporting role from Inter-Government Organizations.

 

The Coordinators and Managers of International Affairs

There is no world government naturally. But it is necessary to coordinate and manager worldwide and regional common affairs. The Inter-Government Organizations are exactly the coordinators and managers of these affairs. In those specialized and professional fields, many IGOs have undertaken transferred responsibilities powers to deal with these affairs. In a certain degree, IGOs have conducted responsibilities in regulating, supervising, coordinating and managing, similar to government in a single state. They are playing an impacting role for both international and regional development in aspects of economy, society and culture.

 

The Allocators of International Resources

From a worldwide perspective, no matter the production, the development and the sales of nature resources and particular products, or the collection, the debit and credit, and the circulation of funds should be completely viewed as affairs belonging to sovereign states respectively. However, there is a fair and rational allocation problem for related countries, which is supposed to be obtained from IGOs, such as the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). For instance, the amount and sales prices of worldwide oil, mineral, agricultural products, the proportion of importing and exporting products, the allocation and surveillance plans for international capital market are all dependent on relative Inter-Government Organizations, which can affect the promoting of rational and fair establishment and perfection of international order in both politics and economy.

 

The Vindicators for International Security

To solve international disputes in a peaceful way is a basic principle in international law, which is not only dependent on the involved states, but also largely affected by relative mechanisms shared by Inter-Government Organizations. The majority of IGOs have taken this to be one of their responsibilities including the UN and the Organization of African Unity (OAU). Besides, they have launched significant actions to maintain worldwide peace. Many of their actions have effectively lightened or solved regional military conflicts and inner rebellion, laying a basis for avoiding large scale military conflicts.

 

The Roles and Impacts of Non-Governmental Organizations

Provide Consultancy and Information for States and Governments

For Non-Governmental Organizations, one of their regular responsibilities is to gather, study and draft files, to provide some consultancy and information for states and governments in an institutional or non-institutional ways, expressing their positions and views on an international stage. In UN and other international conference places, scholars and professionals employed in NGOs play active roles in offering information, knowledge and suggestions in specialized areas like technology and politics, which is great help for those developing countries in need. Even those IGOs including the UN need to refer to NGO’s assistance when doing international legislation work. Besides, there are specially established regular consultancy system from both NGOs and IGOs, such as the cooperation with World Bank. NGOs are able to give their requirements and suggestions, who also affect international consensus and the permission of international policies.

 

Affect International Policy Decision Process

Until nowadays, Non-Governmental Organizations are not permitted to be directly involved in international policy decision process. NGOs are able to exert important influences on governments and intergovernmental organizations through giving consultancy, giving suggestions and making lobbies. In this way, NGOs are able to indirectly participate in the international policy decision process. Their concepts and arguments can be reflected through legal documents during the official decision process. Taking the Rio Summit in Brazil in 1992 for example, the representatives from more than two thousand NGOs attended the summit, making a momentum for the cooperation between the UN and NGOs( Norman, Carr, 2009). From then on, the UN have been inviting many NGOs to discussed on worldwide problems in terms of human rights, environment, population, women, and many other areas.

 

Supervise Commitment Effectiveness of other States and Governments

By information collection, closely tracking and supervising governments on their implementation status of its obligations and international commitment, NGOs have formed international pressure for governments to improve the government behavioral transparency. In this way, NGOs play an effective role in awakening people's international participation and democratic consciousness.

 

Participate in Particular International Projects

In addition to independent organization operation and implementation of various international assistance, non-governmental organizations have actively participated in various development projects under the auspices of the intergovernmental organizations. They provide specific products or services through contracts from intergovernmental organizations, undertaking the operational responsibility of development projects. NGOs can provide technical guidance and training, engage in energy, transportation and other infrastructure design, complete implementation of various poverty alleviation plan, take environmental protection measures to prevent and control pollution, provide health care services and so on. NGO is supposed to be viewed as an important force to promote the development of international economy and society. They have been encouraged by the UN to to participate in various development projects in the past a few years.

 

Informal Coordinator for Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes

The peaceful settlement of international disputes not only depends on the negotiation and consultation among relative countries, the solvent system in politics or legislation, but can be also largely affected by mediation party, namely different NGOs. Non-governmental organizations have mediated among the governments of the different parties with neutrality position and facilitated the peaceful settlement of the worldwide issues through dialogue and negotiation. NGOs have become active participants in international affairs during the global trend, which adopt non-governmental behavior while dealing with international relationships.

 

Conclusion

As the contemporary international community will fail to survive without the international organizations in a moment, the foreign relations of a modern country must involve the participation of international organizations. International organizations indicate vital national interest for the state. It is an international right and obligation of the modern state to be engaged in the participation of international organizations, both IGOs and NGOs. To measure a country's foreign policy in maturity, it is a way to measure whether its international participation is powerful and whether their understanding of the importance of international organizations is adequate.

 

From the perspective of international politics, there is a historical process for the existence and development for both Inter-Government Organizations and Non-Governmental Organizations. With different international responsibilities, they have been gradually gained more and more recognition and experience due to their achievements in many dealing with many international issues, winning prominent positions in international politics. Limited by national interest and systematic operation, IGOs and NGOs are supposed to meet these challenges and to meet the demand of different countries during this accelerated globalization society.


51due留学教育原创版权郑重声明:原创优秀代写范文源自编辑创作,未经官方许可,网站谢绝转载。对于侵权行为,未经同意的情况下,51Due有权追究法律责任。主要业务有essay代写assignment代写paper代写作业代写、论文代写服务。

51due为留学生提供最好的论文代写服务,亲们可以进入主页了解和获取更多代写范文提供论文代写服务,详情可以咨询我们的客服QQ:800020041。

上一篇: A Discussion of Form and Mean 下一篇:A Discussion of Whether Andrew