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The Russian Revolution of 1917

2021-05-28 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

51Due教员组今天给各位留学生带来一篇纯原创代写历史范文,讲的是1917年俄国革命,希望这篇可以帮助到各位留学生,同时需要代写也可以直接联系我们51Due客服vx(vx:Jenny_dynh)进行咨询。


 

 One of the most significant events in the 20th century was the Russian Revolution of 1917. It not only involved the collapse of an empire under Tsar Nicholas II and the rise of Marxian socialism under Lenin and his Bolsheviks , but also completely changed the government and outlook on life in the very large country of Russia.

While Czar Nicholas II was an unpopular Russian leader, he was the descendent of a long line of czars, one stretching back into the mists of 300 years of Russian History(McNeese 241). In my opinion, it marked the beginning of a new era in Russia. Besides, Russia revolution had a lot of things in common with the French Revolution. However, the difference between them were also quite obvious. I will make a compact research on these aspects in this article too.

 

Before the ignition of Revolution of 1917, Russia in fact had a lot of wars, for example, the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905)(Westwood 1), and World War I (1914-18)(Cigliano 3), and the Crimean War (1854-56)(Candan 2). All of these required a large amount of tax dollars and manpower. Russia’s defeat in wars caused great discontent among the people and long term of war had destroyed the country's economy. This was the main reason that led to the revolution. Besides, the weakening of the autocracy, the search for better rights and status of the Russian, and the work of revolutionary organization also accounted for the ignition of the revolution. The goal of this revolution is to overthrow the imperial regime and present the takeover as a revolution in the name of the workers' soviets. The leaders of this movement were Bolshevik and Lenin. Both of them belonged to Bolshevik party, led by Lenin.

 

In my mind, World War 1 was one of the main factorto the Russian Revolution, which resulted in millions deaths of Russians. Besides, as the highest ranking officer in the Russian Army, Czar Nicholas II was not able to direct combat and win battles. His wrong decision in the wars led to millions of casualties. Although the wars were not easy for him, however, Nicholas refused to back out. His stupid decision angered the Russian population. Therefore, the faith and confidence of the Russian population had to their ruler were largely reduced in World War 1. What’s worse, the population got angered, which led to the unrest preceding the Russian Revolution.

 

On October 26th, the Congress voted a Council of People’s Commissars to be the basis of a new government. This new organization promptly held a political repression campaign and arrested the leaders of opposition parties, which was regarded as a way tearing apart freedom of speech and association promises. During this process, in The Peter and Paul Fortress in Petrograd major members of the Constituent Assembly and the Socialist-Revolutionary Party were imprisoned. So were the Constitutional Democratic Party (Kadets) as well as Menshevik leaders.

 

Widespread discontent in Petrograd led to militant demonstrations in early July, which called for the overthrow of the Provisional Government. The demonstrations were suppressed violently by the Troops loyal to the Provisional Government . Through hiding Lenin escaped capture. In order to outline his ideas for a socialist government, he wrote State and Revolution. The time for revolution had arrived, he contended, and violence was an absolute necessity if that revolution were to be secured(Davenport 74). In October, the arrest of their Military Revolutionary Committee was agreed by Lenin and orders were issued for the Bolsheviks' Red Guards to occupy key locations in the city and surround the Winter Palace. Finally, the revolution won.

 

On one hand, there were many similarities between Russian Revolution and French Revolution. Both French and Russian Revolutions had a famine and a weak ruler. Besides, they both had a political force pushing for change and financial debt from war as well. Moreover, they were both centered around a push for class equality. However, the main points of the Russian were centered around a war, while the main points of the French Revolution were more centered around a push for class equality.

 

On the other hand, when comparing their results and the way they operated French Revolution and Russian Revolution present many differences between them. First, the time of them were different. Between 1789 and 1799 the former took place , while in 1971 during the World War 1 the later took place. Therefore, the impact of the Russian Revolution was far greater. Second, the bad economy led to the French and the unbearable taxes were accountable for the ignition of the later. Third, French revolution was ignited for democracy while Russian revolution was ignited for communism.

 

Additionally, in both the periods of the French and Russian Revolution, women’s rights and social status had been improved. Nevertheless, during the French Revolution this facet was of much more importance to the Bolsheviks than to french people. At this point , after only a year in power, the Bolsheviks submitted the New Family Code encompassing everything. For example, divorce, abortion, marriage, alimony, land rights ,and most importantly, the point that women’s civil status was equal to that of men was stated.

 

For its admirers, in human progress the Russian Revolution is regarded as a milestone ; for its critics, it is a catastrophe of monstrous proportions(Spence 1). Indeed, the Russian Revolution not only had a significant impact on its country, bualso on the whole world. It generated a new way of thinking about the government, economy and society. Besides, the revolution marked the end of a dynasty that had lasted 300 years, as we mentioned above. What’s more, it demonstrated the seizure of power only by a small revolutionary party. The tsar and the private ownership had been replaced with a Council of People’s Commissars. The Communist movement began to grow worldwide. This idea made the capitalist world scared. Although finally the strength of Communism did not last for very long time, it was still the proof that the Russian Revolution was a famous event of the twentieth century. 


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