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Research on the Public awareness of wildlife protection & A Case Study of Shenzhen

2021-05-20 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

Introduction

Our earth is rich in biological resources. It is these colorful life forms that make up our colorful world today. However, with the continuous development of industrial civilization, the pace of human transformation of nature and the speed of destruction of ecological system are greatly accelerated. The environmental and ecological crisis has increasingly become the most urgent problem facing the world. In the ecological environment protection, wild animals occupy the main irreplaceable position, which has been paid attention by governments all over the world. The education of wild animal protection has become an important part of environmental protection education.

China is a big country of wild animal resources, and it is also facing the situation of increasing scarcity of wild animal resources. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China put forward the strategic decision of "vigorously promoting the construction of ecological civilization", the protection of wild animals has reached an unprecedented height. To coordinate the relationship between the protection and utilization of wildlife and promote the sustainable utilization of wildlife resources will be an important issue related to China's economic development and environmental construction. China has a large population and limited wildlife resources per capita, and China has a traditional demand for using wildlife products in various fields since ancient times. So for the protection of wildlife, on the one hand, people can not ignore the renewable value of wildlife resources; on the other hand, people must give full play to the key role of wildlife in maintaining ecological security. To integrate resource consumption, environmental damage and ecological benefits into the evaluation system of economic and social development is to coordinate the relationship between resource protection and utilization according to the standard of ecological civilization construction. Because the protection and rational utilization of wildlife resources are inseparable as a whole. Only on the premise of maintaining ecological balance, can people carry out rational development and utilization. Similarly, the rational development and utilization of wildlife is also a powerful guarantee for maintaining ecological balance. Only by properly handling the relationship between the two, can people truly realize the coordinated development of wildlife resource protection and social construction.

The publicity and education of wildlife protection is an important means to promote the ecological protection and sustainable development of wildlife in China. In recent years, due to the influence of "the custom of prescribing tonic foods for a healthier life", the phenomenon of eating wild animals in China once prevailed, especially in the south, especially in Guangdong. In the eyes of most Chinese people, there is no food that people in Guangdong Province dare not eat. Therefore, in view of the Cantonese diet culture, the one-sided protection thoughts of animal protectionists, such as "respect for the life of all animals" and "stop killing if we put an end to the use", began to spread, which led to the public opinion opposing the effective protection and rational use of wild animals. To this end, Guangdong and Shenzhen also issued the <anti cruelty to animals> law, which has such a provision: for illegal consumption of dog meat, cat meat or sale of dog meat, cat meat, an individual will be fined less than 5000 yuan and detained for less than 15 days; for units and organizations, a fine of more than 10000 yuan but less than 500000 yuan will be imposed. After the bill came into being, it caused great controversy. In the author's opinion, the significance of this bill is to improve and progress, and to oppose the harm to animals. No one can deny this, but in the spirit of legislation, the regulation of "no cat and dog meat" is questionable and vigilant. After all, eating dog meat is part of the diet culture not only in Guangdong, but also in many parts of China. Of course, in a sense, it can be said that the indiscriminate eating of wild animals is the fundamental reason for the occurrence of illegal phenomena such as nationwide and even international hunting, and smuggling of wild animals. In other words, to some extent, the public awareness of wildlife protection and utilization directly determines the size of wildlife consumption market and the level of crime rate. But regulations like "no cat and dog meat" may further oppose the relationship between wildlife utilization and protection, and are not conducive to the harmonious relationship between wildlife protection and utilization. Wildlife protection is of great concern to the public, which is beneficial to wildlife protection. But the protection of wildlife needs not only the public's concern, but also scientific strategies. Once the public does not understand the strategy of wildlife protection properly, it is likely to affect the introduction of wildlife protection law and hinder the process of wildlife protection.

The report of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed that "we should strengthen the publicity and education of ecological civilization, enhance the awareness of saving, environmental protection and ecology of the whole people, form a social fashion of reasonable consumption, and create a good fashion of caring for the ecological environment." Then, in the aspect of strengthening the publicity and education of ecological civilization, especially in the aspect of wildlife protection, which is the most concerned issue at China, how to do it can improve the national awareness of ecological protection, form a scientific concept of wildlife protection, and make wildlife protection work effectively. Therefore, the investigation of public awareness of wildlife protection and utilization is conducive to comprehensively grasping the current situation of public awareness of wildlife protection and utilization in China, collecting first-hand survey data and materials, finding out the scope and depth of public awareness under the existing background conditions, so as to provide basis for targeted public science publicity and education. At the same time, this study can provide detailed basis and public opinion environment for the government to issue the corresponding laws and regulations, and effectively improve people's extreme and one-sided views, so that the effective protection and rational utilization of wildlife can develop in coordination, and better promote the construction of ecological civilization.

Research purpose

At the turn of the century, the ecological contradiction between man and nature has become the basic contradiction that determines the development of social history. The specific ecological contradictions and solutions between Chinese people and China's natural environment, resources and so on are the solutions to the major problems that determine China's "sustainable development" in the 21st century. In addition to adjusting the strategy of science and technology and economic development, it is necessary to put forward and implement ecological education. As the most typical embodiment of the relationship between man and nature, wildlife protection has attracted wide attention of the whole society.

However, in recent decades, with the rapid development of China's economy, people's living standards continue to improve, and their consumption capacity has significantly increased. Many industries for commercial use of wild animals have also developed rapidly. These industries include the industries that produce and sell wildlife products and the industries that hunt and breed wildlife in the upstream. However, the rapid development of this industry not only meets people's consumption demand, and promotes the national economic development,but also brings the disaster to wildlife. Therefore, how to realize the harmonious relationship between scientific protection and rational utilization of wildlife is the key issue of this paper.

In China, there is a lack of research and publicity on how to realize the scientific protection of wildlife. However, from the current situation of China's wildlife protection development, it is necessary to find out a group of people as a breakthrough point to understand the existing problems and causes of wildlife protection attitude, so as to lay the foundation for carrying out wildlife protection education and establishing a systematic wildlife protection education system. In view of the fact that this research is still in the initial stage of the same kind of research and needs many practices and explorations, under the guidance of "sustainable development theory" and "scientific development concept", this research summarizes the scientific protection concept of wildlife, and carries out wildlife protection education in combination with the requirements of social phenomena and ecological civilization construction. In this paper, the public in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province is taken as the research object. The purpose of this paper is to understand the public's attitude towards wildlife protection and its influencing factors, and to study the main contents, system and implementation approaches of wildlife protection education.

Research content

1. Public awareness of wildlife protection and utilization

2. Problems in wildlife protection attitude and causes

3. How to protect wildlife and how to realize scientific protection of wildlife

4. Study the main content, system and implementation way of wildlife protection education.

literature review

1. Why do people carry out Wildlife Education and publicity?

2. What are the views of wildlife protection?

3. What is the scientific concept of wildlife protection?

4. How to carry out wildlife protection education?

Wildlife resources are an important part of the ecosystem and indispensable resources for human life. Wild animals can not only be a part of biodiversity, effectively regulate the balance of ecosystem, but also provide rich food, medicine and decoration for human social life as material resources(Sutton & Costanza, 2002). Since ancient times, wild animals and their products have played an important role in the development of human civilization. In today's society, the ecological and cultural values of wild animals are becoming more and more prominent, which makes the resources with ecological, genetic, material and cultural functions more important(Aylward, 1992). Therefore, countries attach great importance to the effective protection of wildlife resources. However, with the continuous growth of global population and the rapid development of economy, a series of reasons, such as excessive hunting and poaching, environmental pollution, habitat loss and so on, have seriously threatened the global wildlife resources. Therefore, exploring effective ways to protect wildlife has become a common problem all over the world.

The purpose of public education of wild animals is to make people realize the importance of ecological balance and the current severe situation, and to provide everyone with the opportunity to acquire the knowledge, values, attitudes, responsibilities and skills needed to protect and improve the living conditions of wild animals, so as to provide the most powerful support for the scientific protection of wild animals.

In 1693, John Locke, a famous British thinker, thought that animals can perceive all things, have the ability of perception, and of course feel pain. The behavior of hurting animals is wrong, at least in the field of morality. According to Locke, "human beings should not only be kind to animals, but also to all living species."(Rowlands, 2016). The threat of human activities to animals makes the relationship between human beings more and more intense.

Regan et al.(2016) proposed that animals should be endowed with natural rights, and that human beings and animals should have exactly the same rights. Regan et al.(2016) believe that animals have their own intrinsic value and should be respected as human beings, but all kinds of human behaviors are affecting the rights of animals all the time, such as eating animals, hunting animals and buying and selling animals. These behaviors deny the intrinsic value of animals and violate the rights of animals.

Karanth et al. (2008) thinks that with the public's further attention to wildlife protection, the issue of wildlife protection and utilization has aroused fierce debate in the public opinion, and the result is that the absolute protection party tends to resonate with the public psychologically and take advantage. As the public attitude plays a major role in the implementation of wildlife protection and management policies, it is likely to make the concept of wildlife protection extreme, and thus weaken or even hinder the process of wildlife protection (winter et al, 2005). This is contrary to the direction of ecological civilization construction.

Horsthemke (2018) believes that it is not objective and realistic to advocate "equality between animals and people". Reasonable, legal and scientific utilization of animals conforms to natural laws, and is not contradictory to the concern for animal welfare. It is not right to oppose any use of wildlife in the name of animal welfare. Of course, in the use of wildlife activities, people should abide by the principle of welfare and constantly improve the technical conditions.

From the perspective of the long-term goal of building ecological civilization, Platto et al.(2020)believes that if the unscientific and irrational idea of absolute protection has always prevailed, it will mislead the direction of wildlife protection and hinder the scientific process of wildlife protection, which is very dangerous. It is necessary for people to seriously consider what is the scientific concept of wildlife protection and what is the appropriate attitude of treating animals well; it is necessary to further consider whether human beings can take animals as objects of utilization, so as to avoid people’s understanding and action being led into error.

XIX believes that the protection and utilization of wild animals is a contradictory unity, which needs to be dealt with dialectically. It should be clear that the opposite of protection is the destruction of ecological balance, not the limited use of some wildlife individuals. The connotation of wildlife protection is not to destroy the ecological balance and make the renewable wildlife resources idle and waste.

Research plan

Research questions

1. What is the significance of Wildlife Education and publicity?

2. How to protect wildlife scientifically?

3. How to implement scientific education path of wildlife protection?

In order to study these problems, on the premise of summarizing the purpose, significance, methods and development of the research on wildlife protection education, and relying on the scientific concept of wildlife protection as the background, this paper finally formulated a scientific and reasonable "public attitudes towards wildlife protection in Shenzhen" questionnaire to lay the foundation for the follow-up research; Secondly, this paper also analyzes the data of " public attitudes towards wildlife protection in Shenzhen" questionnaire, to understand the social background of the public from the distribution of basic information, also to analyze and discuss the factors influencing the attitudes towards wildlife protection from the attitudes towards wildlife protection of the public in Shenzhen; Finally, this paper puts forward the content, system and implementation methods of wildlife protection education.

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