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Issues of women left behind in China

2020-05-27 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

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下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文-Issues of women left behind in China。本文讲述在农村看到许多年轻妇女闲逛的情况并不罕见。这种女人被称为全职女性。没有工作,他们的日常生活只不过是无休止的家务活,并照顾年幼的孩子和他们的家人。一位著名作家说:“如果必须使用一种颜色来描述他们的生活,我认为黑色将是最合适的颜色。” ‘他们生活在我们的世界中,但是他们的行为却并非如此。没有梦想,没有目标,没有尊重,就没有幸福。’这句话主要用来形容留守妇女的悲惨生活。

当被要求从一个家庭和职业中选择时,大多数男人经常选择后者,而女性则选择后者。尽管如此,仍然几乎找不到像中国留守妇女生活在当今世界其他地区那样的情况。这些妇女不知道自己的职业是什么,她们也无权在这两个方面做出决定。似乎他们的生活时间表是在出生之初就确定的,没有其他可能性。

 

Issues of women left behind in China

 

It is not a rare phenomenon that many young women are seen hanging around in the countryside. This kind of women is called Stay-at-home women. Without jobs, their daily life is merely composed of endless housework and taking care of young children and the old in their families. ‘If a color has to be used to describe their life, I think the black will be the most suitable one’, a famous writer said. ‘They are living in our world, but they acts like they are not. Without dreams, without goals, without respect, and without happiness.’ This sentence is mainly used to describe the miserable life of stay-at-home women.

 

Asked to choose from one’s family and career, most men often pick the latter whereas women opt for the former. Nevertheless, there is still hardly possible to find some cases like what Chinese stay-at-home women are living in other regions of current world. Those women have no idea what their careers are, and they have no rights to make a decision between these two aspects, either. It seems that their life schedules are fixed at the very beginning of their birth, with no other possibility to take.

 

After a quick but careful analysis, I figure out that there are several reasons accountable for this weird and special phenomenon, which can explain their poor life in some ways.

 

In the first place, unlike most men who can easily get a job in cities, it is rather difficult for women to find a suitable job away from countryside, especially for those women who are already married. Objectively, men can shoulder more tough work than women do. For example, some building works have a strict criterion for male workers, given that women’s working effectiveness is much lower from physical degree. Moreover, in a male-dominated society like China, women will easily be discriminated by some employers, particularly in some manufacturing industries. Not only will women get a lower salary than men, but also they will be the first to be fired when it comes to downsizing. Therefore, many women have no choice to live in cities, but to stay at countryside.

 

In the second place, in child’s infancy, the mother needs to be there to feed and care for the baby. At the same time, some companies are not willing to offer a long enough leave for their female employees. That’s why many women will choose to stop working and even quit their jobs to take care of their infants at first. However, after their babies have grown up to be a child, another problem occurs. For some residents in cities, it is a common belief that mother continues to work while a babysitter will be hired to look after the child. However, the price for a babysitter and nursery in China is not cheap, which is rather unaffordable for those women in the countryside to pay for, let alone the high-quality professional nurses and instructors. Statistically, on average, a family in the countryside has to pay more than 20 percent of their annual income to babysitting if it is required, which is definitely a heavy burden for people in rural families to pay. Thus, being a full-time mother seems to be those women’s only choice.

 

Last but not least, in terms of Chinese traditional culture, it is the born responsibility for men to earn money to support their families. Conversely, what women should do is to stay at home to do some housework. What's worse, working outside is not allowed by some remote regions in China, because some people may think it is impropriate of women to ‘betray’ their families. Therefore, when a woman puts forward an idea to leave the countryside, she is probably to be discouraged by her parents and other family members, and the result is very likely to end up with staying at home.

 

Because of the reasons discussed above, many women have to stay at home with strong reluctance. According the a research conducted recently by a famous educational institution([1]A Report of Educational Situation Analysis, 2014), over a half, more specifically, 54 percent of the stay-at-home women surveyed said they were not willing to spend their whole life in the countryside. In the meanwhile, slightly less than one third of them showed a strong desire to leave the countryside to explore something new in cities. To our surprise, the number of women that are not afraid to take actions is up to 90%, which means most of them chose to accept the reality.

 

In many people’s eyes, it is easy for those women to live in the countryside, because their life is peaceful and quiet. However, this opinion is completely wrong, given that the difficulties of their life is underestimated and there are many problems coming towards Chinese stay-at-home women, both in physical and mental prospect.

 

From the physical degree, stay-at-home women usually take on heavier housework than people expect. Not only do they have to look after well their children, but also they should take good careful of the old, including their parents and their husbands’ parents. Moreover, the daily housework is far from imagination. For example, doing some cleaning and washing tasks, cooking, feeding their household animals, just to name a few. It is not exaggerating that they usually shoulder more tasks and work than men do in the cities. What’s worse, they cannot get the sense of recognition from both their families and the public: their relatives just take what they have done as nature, while people from the outside world have no respect towards their contributions to families. For example, they have no rights to express their feelings and opinions when it comes to some big family decisions.

 

From another degree, mentally, they are also experiencing something bad. The most typical example is that there is no fun in their ordinary life but endless boredom. Most stay-at-home women have to work from 6am to 9am just with a short break. From the research, the only entertainment may turn to be the time spent together with their children. At the same time, the mental pressure they have to bear is also a hardship for them, given that it is never easy for them to guarantee a good performance in housework without affecting the results for taking care of children and old families.

 

Considering the problems for those stay-at-home women, some effective solutions should be put forward and put into practice to help them get rid of their poor life. In my opinion, both the government and mass media can play an important role.

 

As for the government, it would be great if they can provide more working positions especially for those stay-at-home women. There will be several benefits if this proposal can be successful. For example, women can earn money by themselves to support their life. In other words, they don’t have to rely on men to live. Naturally, they can enjoy a more equal position in their families to make decisions. In addition, they will no longer get trapped to do endless and boring housework in their life. Instead, they are enabled to make contributions to the society and realize their personal value.

 

Besides, it is highly recommended that the government can offer some day-care children services for stay-at-home women ([2]A Report of Social Reform in Mainland China, 2013), to make sure that they can concentrate on their work without worrying about their children. For example, some childcare centers can be established to meet this demand. And I see justification for those centers. Moreover, given the fact that many mothers, those in the countryside in particular, lack of enough education skills to teach their children, the introduction of children caring centers is definitely helpful to the healthy growth of children, for centers can offer better service and more professional care for them, to make sure that they can grow up happily under appropriate guidance.

 

Also, I believe that mass media, including television, radio and newspaper, can exert some positive influence to fix the stay-at-home women’s problem. As the main, and even the sole source of information for most people, it is very effective in conveying some good points and useful information. For example, mass media can be used as a effective way to help people in the countryside to build a proper understanding towards women, and at the same time, to help women themselves increase their own awareness. Additionally, because of people’s reliance on mass media and its evident power in country, many stay-at-home women can be encouraged to step out of their original boring life, to face and experience a more colorful life in the outside world.

 

As for the argument goes, we can see that stay-at-home women are in high demand of help, and the potential harms may turn out to be a disaster for China. Therefore, it is highly urgent to solve the problem for them. If all the methods talked about can be taken into action, there is no doubt that it will be not only a big step forward for our society, but also a huge development for the human beings.

 

Source:

[1] Chinese Educational Research, A Report of Educational Situation Analysis, 2014

[2] Journal of The Chinese Society of Education, A Report of Social Reform in Mainland China, 2013

(All the thesis are written in Chinese and translated in English as reference)

 

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