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Five aspects of the role of women in traditional China

2020-04-10 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

Five aspects of the role of women in traditional China

尽管宋的证据表明,女性更积极地参与儒家教义中从未规定过的广泛活动P141),但我们仍然必须记住,这些现象之所以被记录在文献中,部分原因在于它们的独特性,这就意味着,中国传统女性的整体形象仍然是一幅苦难的画卷,朱熹对孔子思想的诠释几乎占据了大多数人日常生活的方方面面。

 

Despite the evidence from Song shows that women are more active in "participating a wide range of activities never prescribed in Confucian didactic texts" (P141), we still have to bear in mind that these phenomena are recorded in the documents partly because of their singularities, which means that the holistic picture for woman in traditional China still painted in a misery hue, with Zhu Xi's interpretation of the Confucius idea dominating most people's almost all aspects of daily life.

 

First of all, the majority of women are still subjected to home most of their life, doing chores and raising the children. As showed in The Book of Changes, "A woman's duties are to cook the five grains, heat the wine, look after her parents-in-law, make clothes, and that is all!" Women were deprived of the opportunity of receiving education and being ignorance was regarded as a virtue. And the famous poet of Song, Li Qingzhao, was a rare case in the whole Chinese history.

 

Second, women had no freedom in their own marriage. From asking suggestions from relatives and matchmakers to exchange written arrangements, from exchanging gifts or bringing in dowry to the formal ceremony, the whole process had totally devoid of the bride especially the bridegroom's preference and opinions, since on the ceremony, the hero and heroin met for the first time!

 

Third, woman had no economic dependence throughout their lives. The importance of giving birth to a son was not only important for the family to have male descendants. For the young mother, her son is the future guarantee of her older life if her husband dies. Even this child was borne by her enemy, her husband's concubine, she would often raise him if herself does not have a son, "since she would be dependent on them in her old age" (P142).

 

Forth, the over-emphasizing on the woman remained being a widow after her husband's death is actually a moral kidnapping. Without a male in the family, life could be really harsh and difficult for a woman, especially she still has parents-in-low and children to support. Apart from depriving them the hope of starting a new life, the advocating of being a widow, manifested in "The Reward for Widow Wu", is also a depression of women's common biological needs.

 

Fifth, despite the fact that foot binding was only started in Song Dynasty and gradually gained popularity in later centuries, the reason of its origin, that regarding the women in this kind of deformed feet is a beauty, is an utterly outrageous crime on women, building high-class men's disgusting and strange taste on the pain and deformity of woman, who has no choice but to appeal to this ridiculous demand.

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