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Saying Why It Matters

2020-04-02 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面51due教员组为大家整理一篇优秀的代写范文- Saying Why It Matters,供大家参考学习。这篇文章讲述的是作者在《说为什么重要》一书中讨论了为什么要以读者感兴趣的方式来构建思想框架。他/她认为,一篇文章如果不能吸引读者,无论写得多么好,都是失败的。因为不管一个话题对作者来说有多有趣,读者都可能有不同的感觉。在现实生活中,说话者往往没有谈到他们演讲的相关性。因此,演讲的有效性降低了。在深入探讨这个话题之前,作者必须回答那又怎样?还有谁在乎?致读者。第一个问题询问所涉利益集团,第二个问题询问索赔的后果和适用情况。接下来,作者将介绍几种在写作中回答这两个问题的方法,以使读者对这篇文章更加感兴趣和投入。

Saying Why It Matters

The author discusses about why it is important to frame ideas in a way that interests the readers in the book chapter “saying why it matters.” He/She believes that an article that fails to attract readers, no matter how well-written, is a failure. Since regardless of how interesting a topic might be for the writer, it is possible that the readers don’t feel the same. It is often the case in reality that speakers don’t address the relevance of their speech. Consequently, the effectiveness of the speech is reduced. Before going deep into the topic, writers must address the two questions of “so what?” and” who cares?” to the readers. The first question asks about the interest groups involved, while the second asks about the consequences and applications of the claim. The author then goes on to introduce several ways to answer the two questions in writing, so that readers will be more interested and engaged in the article.

 

To identify the interest group in a subtle way, connections of writing with existing ideas must be made. In a word, creation of “dramatic tension or clash of views” is most effective in finding interest groups. The first and most common way to do so is to propose ideas that are in conflict or contradiction with the existing ones. By refuting earlier thinking, the writer naturally targets all those who have different views. The second way is to challenge the traditional theories and understandings by providing new evidences and perspectives, which is a common way of evolution of scientific theories. The third way is looking more closely at things that are used to be overlooked. One example is a literature review in academic papers.

 

The answer to the “so what” question often links the problem or claim to something that are already established in the readers as important. A specific problem can be of more significance when the scale of problem is increased. For example: a worldwide trend or problem will get much more attention than a localized one. Generalization is needed so that the subject can apply to other parts of the world instead of being confined in a certain area. a logical system can also be set up that links the subject to something bigger. The most frequently applied logic would be the cause-and-effect relationship

 

It is also mentioned in the reading that there is no need to overexplain if certain things that are already obviously relevant. Since too much mentioning of the relevance of the text and interest groups would act as distractions for these readers, a balance of focus is needed so that the better-informed reader group is also put under consideration. Therefore, the part that emphasizes the relevance of the article are better grouped into one dedicated section or paragraph in the introductions. This way, the writer can focus entirely on the problem or claim itself in the body sections of an article.

 


The Art of Quoting

 

In the book chapter “the art of quoting”, the author addresses the importance of including adequate quoting and framing, and avoiding overquote. To make effective and integrated quotations, the author proposes two ways. Firstly, the writer should always analyze the quotations to be used and choose wisely. In the process of writing, according to the author, changes of argument, structure and ideas are frequent in the drafting process. As a result, an originally appropriate quotation might lose its effectiveness along the way. Therefore, writers need to constantly check and make sure that the quotations are in the appropriate positions. Secondly, the author suggest that writers explain the words quoted and the connection to the text all the time. He/she makes an analogy that “quotations are orphans: words that have been taken from their original contexts and that need to be integrated into their new textual surroundings.” A solution to this problem is to create a “quotation sandwich” with an introduction and an explanation wrapping it.

 

Regarding the first way of quoting proposed by the author, it makes total sense to choose carefully before selection of a quotation, so that it can fit well into the new text. However, it should also be noted that each writer has his or her own writing style. Quoting directly from other writers, therefore, requires extra amount of work. Personally, I believe that paraphrasing is a much more efficient use of words, especially when there is a word limit. There are circumstances that the use of a quotation would be more effective in conveying an idea. For example, when the quoted sentences are very concise already, yet they capture the core meaning of the argument; or when the sentences are written that vividly capture the essence of an abstract problem. Here quotations function more as an extra guidance or help in the article.

 

On the creation of a “quotation sandwich,” the author makes a good point in addressing the importance of blending the writer’s ideas with your own words. There’s no hard rule to follow on the complexity of quotation framing, which should simply be proportional with the complexity of the original quote. In the introduction part of the sandwich, the author leaves out the authority of the original writer, which may be important depending on the type of writing. To determine whether the framing is enough, or it is overexplaining and complicating things, a writer can think from the perspective of the readers who might not have the same background understanding. One effective way to make such modifications is to leave the unrevised draft for a while before coming back to revise it, so that the writer can get a fresher sense of what it’s like to read it for the first time.

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51due为留学生提供最好的作业代写服务,亲们可以进入主页了解和获取更多代写范文提供作业代写服务,详情可以咨询我们的客服QQ800020041 

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