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# Statistics in market economy management

2019-06-18 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

Statistics is a comprehensive social discipline with strong social practice. Based on the statistics of relevant social practice applications, it is mainly through a series of necessary methods, in order to get the data, and the integrated analysis to obtain the data to the data, including data sorting, data information search, etc. On this basis, data analysis is carried out. The goal is to make the best prediction and judgment on the object.

About the development of statistics, there has been more than a century of evolution. Since the 20th century, statistics have been fully developed in western capitalist countries, and some new statistical methods have appeared. Especially in the nineties of the 20th century, with the rapid development of computer technology, for the development of statistical evolution but also played an epoch-making significance, statistical method is highly efficient. Nowadays, a large number of studies have shown that statistics plays an irreplaceable role in modern market economy and enterprise management. In the new period, with the rapid development of various undertakings in our country, the statistics for the markets increasingly significant role at all levels of management, especially the production of the enterprise operation, almost every link all need statistics to support.

As the name implies, management of market economy is mainly composed of economics and management. Therefore, the study on economic management should proceed from these two aspects. First of all, economics mainly studies the relevant theoretical concepts of the laws of value in various links. Specific means, in the whole industry or enterprise in the process of economic operation, every link to be able to produce certain value, this is the law, in order to realize the conversion between the corresponding value, finally to meet the needs of production and living people. In the management, the management is a comprehensive social subject, in the field of application, it is mainly used to study all kinds of management activities, and all kinds of management activities in the operation of the market economy belongs to a part of content. In economic development, economic management, the main purpose is in all the existing conditions, by means of a series of management activities of the various elements of the combination of configuration, eventually will be beneficial to the realization of social productivity greatly increased.

The above briefly summarizes the concepts of statistics and economic management, from which we realize that statistics is a comprehensive science. Especially since the beginning of the 21st century, with the rapid development of computer information technology, statistics has played a more and more significant role in the management of market economy. Based on the current reality, the author summarizes the following two aspects:

Applying statistics to management of market economy can solve the problem of income and remuneration in economic management. In the 1980s, the reform and opening policy was carried out throughout the country, and the biggest institutional change was to advocate the development of socialist market economy. It is also from this period that the main players of the market's economic activities are more concerned about their own personal interests. The gradual establishment and vigorous development of the socialist market economy have contributed greatly to the great achievements of the national economy. However, there is also a prominent problem, namely, the remuneration of participants in market economic activities. At present, the modern economic management field, the market of every main body can be used as economic participants, both state-owned enterprises and public agencies, private owners, ordinary workers, in the process of our own labor value and obtained the amount of salary, is bound to cause the attention of everyone. Therefore, it is necessary to create a public and just public environment and platform. Therefore, it is necessary to have a reasonable allocation index, so as to protect the interests of every economic subject in the market from being harmed, or to minimize such damages. In the application of statistics, enterprises usually adopt the mathematical statistical formula to calculate the salaries of employees and strictly follow the quantitative calculation criteria.

Through the introduction of statistical methods, it is helpful to more fully plan the management activities of market economy, especially to make full use of mathematical knowledge. In addition to the above mentioned worker salary assignment problem, for the society as a whole, industry, market and economic operation management, statistics knowledge theory also plays a crucial role in it. Taking the present stage as an example, under the background of the new normal of the economy, the market economy is developing continuously, and the statistical information needed is also increasing gradually. Therefore, higher standards are required for the methods and means used in statistics. So, we have also seen during this period, the means of statistics to present the diversified development trend, in order to meet the socialist market economy environment under different policies, different departments, the specific requirements of enterprises of different industries. Enterprises and institutions are also inseparable from the relevant knowledge of statistics in the economic development planning and the formulation of strategic goals, which requires the establishment of certain indicators and variables. In addition, the application of statistical knowledge can promote the application of mathematical knowledge in economic management activities. Because mathematics is also a rigorous discipline, to put it simply, that is, "one is one, two is two, can not be a bit false". Therefore, statistical knowledge and analysis software can be used to achieve this goal.

As for the important role and advantages of statistics in the management of market economy, it is also mentioned above that it can solve some practical problems in reality. Such as enterprises in the financial analysis, report design, compensation calculation, human resources management, and other activities, on the theory of statistics and calculation methods, fuzzy and general data can be more would become more direct and intuitive, and help to work management and department heads more clearly the actual situation. Here, the author combines some of his own experience knowledge, from three aspects of brief analysis.

Application of statistical knowledge theory in enterprise marketing activities. In this field, the main performance is to collect and process information, the purpose is to provide a strong and feasible indicator function for every link in the whole process of marketing. For example, the use of statistical knowledge can be more in-depth analysis of customer satisfaction and loyalty. In terms of specific implementation, the commonly used method is questionnaire survey, and the customer satisfaction and loyalty values are obtained through statistical analysis. Find out the problems and analyze the reasons so as to adopt more targeted improvement strategies. For example, statistics can be used to segment the market. Often using the statistical analysis method of the factor model, clustering analysis and so on, according to certain base and change, can have more strategically to market subdivided according to different enterprise marketing group. In this way, the enterprise Marketing Department can deeply understand the different characteristics of different consumer groups, and then implement different marketing plans, i.e. differentiated strategic marketing.

The application of statistical knowledge theory in enterprise human capital management. There is no doubt that under the current increasingly fierce market economy environment, the competition among enterprises is ultimately the competition between talents and science and technology. In other words, human resource management plays an irreplaceable role in the normal operation of enterprises. Because no matter in the internal production, operation, or external market activities, all practical activities and economic management are conducted around "people". Daily as a result, the enterprise human resources management, through a variety of human resources for good, for the normal operation of the enterprise, and avoid negative problems, is undoubtedly a powerful guarantee. Of course, this is essential for the application of statistics. For business? I units, the use of statistics to human resources management, must be based on the overall strategy to strengthen all-round analysis, both departments, the coordination degree of each operation link, to urge the enterprises to develop in the direction of better and faster.

Application of statistical knowledge theory in auditing practice of enterprises and institutions. At present, with the arrival of the general background environment of the new normal of social economy, the development of statistics has entered a new era. In this period, the application of computer technology, the derivation of new computing methods, and the application and promotion of a large number of new computing models have enriched the content of statistics. In other words, at this stage, all sectors of the social economy cannot achieve good development without statistics. For example, enterprises and institutions are using statistics to analyze audit practice, which is a relatively reliable supervision and restraint mechanism, and well regulates the order of the whole industry market. In the process of audit practice analysis, it is generally necessary to adopt sampling method, because the actual situation reflected by each sample is different. Therefore, in order to ensure that the integrity of the sampled data and the accuracy of the results after statistical computing, must make full use of and strengthen the link between the statistics and mathematics, to develop a flexible analysis method.

Based on the statistics in the management of the market economy impact study, emphatically discuss the application of statistics in the enterprise economic management, mainly analyses the marketing management, human resources management, the audit practice of popularization and application. As the paper notes, to apply statistical management in market economy, is a good way to solve the problem of income in economic management of remuneration, help to more fully to planning market economic management activities.

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