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The American military system

2019-06-15 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The American military system,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国的军事体系。美国的军事基地体系是由军事基地和军事设施两大类组成的。军事基地一般各种设施较全,驻扎的人数较多,可以完成多种职责。而军事设施是军事基地体系的基本单位,通常履行单一职责。美国的军事体系重视预先配置,注重建设移动基地。设在美国本土之外的基地群与美国本土的基地群共同构成了美国的全球军事基地网。

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The military base system of the United States is composed of military bases and military facilities. In general, military bases are equipped with complete facilities and have a large number of people stationed, so they can perform a variety of duties, such as naval bases and large barracks. Military installations are the basic units of a military base system that usually perform a single function, such as radar stations, warehouses, etc.

After the end of the Iraq war, the United States began to conduct a new "reshuffle" of its military forces around the world.

Attach importance to pre-configuration and construction of mobile base. Pre-allocation is to pre-allocate a considerable amount of weapons and equipment in some overseas bases, and maintain and garrison them with a small number of troops. When a crisis occurs, the us army adopts a fast transportation mode to transport personnel to the crisis area, so as to improve the response speed of the army to the crisis. For example, the 13 pre-storage ships deployed by the us military in Guam, diego Garcia and the Atlantic ocean carry three Marine expeditionary brigades of equipment that can reach north Korea or the Middle East in one to seven days. In recent years, the us military also proposed the construction of mobile Marine base - "floating island" idea. To achieve the naval base - battleship - destination in the theater of supply. If implemented, the plan would greatly shorten the U.S. military's supply lines and allow U.S. forces to conduct effective naval operations anywhere in the world.

Reduce the base in northeast Asia and expand the base scale in Australia and New Zealand. Seventy percent of U.S. forces in the asia-pacific region are deployed in northeast Asia, with most concentrated on the Japanese island of Okinawa. The change will see permanent bases for the first time in countries such as Australia, Singapore and Malaysia, creating a network of smaller military bases and deploying troops from South Korea and Japan to new bases. In addition, the United States is seeking an agreement with Vietnam on the presence of naval vessels in the country, and with the Philippines on an army presence in the Philippines.

Reduce the size of bases in Western Europe and increase the number of bases in eastern Europe and central Asia. The United States has decided that 17,000 people from the army's 1st armored division, which was based in Germany and sent to Iraq for military operations, will not return to their bases in Germany, but to new bases in eastern European countries like Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland and Romania.

Increase the size of the base in northern Africa. The United States believes several countries in northern Africa may experience instability in the near future.

We will strengthen the construction of "strategic island" bases. Statistics show that about three-quarters of the world's major cities, 70% of the industrial capital and population are concentrated within 200 kilometers of the coastal line, while 80% of the world's capital is located within 500 kilometers of the coast. As a result, the U.S. military will focus on military bases on "strategic islands" like Guam, diego Garcia, Okinawa and Greenland.

Establish temporary military bases. The United States will sign agreements with countries as needed to gain the right to establish temporary military bases in those countries. For example, during the Iraq war, the U.S. military established military bases in Bulgaria's sarafovo airport and the nearby black sea port city of burgas.

The U.S. global military base system began to develop in the late 19th century. After the outbreak of World War II, the United States took the opportunity to expand overseas. At the end of the war, the United States established 484 military bases overseas, and occupied almost all the key islands in every sea of the world. After the war, the United States established military alliances with more than 40 countries around the world and stationed troops in more than 50 countries. During the cold war, the United States gradually formed a global "military base network" based on its domestic military bases. The number of various military bases and military facilities was as high as more than 5,000 at the peak, among which more than 2,000 were overseas, covering more than 100 countries. In 1988, 1991, 1993 and 1997, the United States closed 97 major military bases in the country and returned or adjusted 961 overseas military bases, reducing the number of overseas military bases by 58 percent.

Central European base groups: mainly including military bases and installations in Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands; Base groups in southern Europe: consisting mainly of military bases and facilities in Italy and Greece; Western European base group: consisting mainly of military bases and installations in the United Kingdom, Iceland, Spain and the Azores; Middle East and East Africa base group: mainly composed of military bases and installations in Turkey, Saudi Arabia, bahrain, Oman, Egypt and Kenya; Northeast Asia base group: mainly composed of military bases and military facilities located in Japan and South Korea; Indian Ocean base group: consists mainly of naval ports, naval communications stations, naval air stations and other logistics facilities located on the diego Garcia islands in the central Indian Ocean. In addition, there are Guam base group, Hawaii base group, Alaska base group, Australia, New Zealand base group, Greenland, Canada base group, Caribbean base group. These bases, located outside the United States, together with other bases in the United States, constitute the United States' global network of military bases.

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