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The internationalization of American higher education

2019-04-23 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The internationalization of American higher education,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国高等教育国际化。高等教育国际化是高等教育全球化发展的一种必然趋势,是教育界普遍重视的一个领域,也是各个国家和一些国际组织努力推动的一项活动。美国高等教育国际化,其最主要也是最终的目的,就是要培养出能与国际相衔接,具有国际竞争能力、国际意识的人才,这样的优秀人才才可以在国际大舞台绽放出耀眼的色彩。

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The international development of higher education is an important factor for universities to compete with each other. The United States is the country with the highest degree of internationalization of higher education. Academic requirements; Government funding policies for teachers and opportunities for professional development; Develop the target strategy for enrollment and selection.

The internationalization of higher education is an inevitable trend of the globalization of higher education. It is a field widely valued by the educational circle and an activity promoted by various countries and some international organizations. The so-called internationalization of education is in the world's climate prompted by economic liberalization of trade, the various countries' itself in the international education resources optimization configuration, rapid spread between countries, education factors in increasing education exchanges and cooperation between countries, and various countries in the world of education field together and influence each other, constantly improve the mutual dependence degree and communicate with each other, the competition between in the field of education, tolerance, incentive jointly promote the prosperity and development of the world. Each country in the personnel training aspect formulates the related policy, the curriculum content choice, the education teaching method and the method application and so on aspect cannot only satisfy own demand, but also must adapt the international economic and cultural exchange and the cooperation fully the brand-new situation. Core or essence of internationalization of education, at the end of the day is under the background of economic globalization and trade liberalization, all countries want to make full use of domestic and international two education market, integrating indigenous education software and hardware resources reasonable optimization, standing in the world in the field of education, and cultivate with strong competition in the international market quality of talents, thus in the nation's service and create more interests. As we all know, in today's world, culture, as the soft power of a country, is also a part of a country's comprehensive strength. In the final analysis, it is still the competition of excellent talents. If a country has a large number of high-quality, innovative and creative talents, then it can be said that the country can grasp the initiative of social development and economic development, and is invincible in the complex international competition. Therefore, the most important and ultimate goal of the internationalization of education is to cultivate talents with international connection, international competitiveness and international awareness, so that they can shine in the international arena.

Since 1607, Britain began to have immigrants to North America, and the initial development model of American higher education was naturally influenced by Britain. Many people who received higher education in Britain came to America to establish schools or become teachers, while teenagers in North America also went to Britain to receive education and then returned to America to be teachers. In 1636, the British colonists established the now famous Harvard University in Massachusetts, marking the beginning of higher education in the United States. Yale college, New Jersey college and Peking University were all founded after Oxbridge. The land grant college of 1862 provided agricultural and engineering training, giving non-elite people the chance to study in higher education. In the United States after the civil war, the United States the development of higher education has entered a very important stage, when the country needs a lot of ability, high quality, excellent talents, in promoting the development of higher education in the United States itself at the same time also attracted a large number of foreigners came to the United States to study, work, make the development of the university appear energetic. From 1814 to 1914, 10,000 Americans went to Germany to study and study. At the same time, a large number of German teachers went to the United States to teach and settle down, which added fresh blood and new vitality to the American society and American universities.

The internationalization of higher education in the United States has four main goals. The first is the academic goal: to strengthen the quality of education, stabilize the status of free education, and enhance the quality of teachers and scientific research. The second is the cultural goal: to achieve a diversified cultural environment by absorbing foreign students, and to achieve the purpose of cultural export through cultural exchanges, visiting scholars, sending students and teachers to other countries. The third is the economic goal: to generate income for the university through the fees paid by foreign students and promote the development of the local economy. The fourth is the goal: to enhance the international influence of institutions of higher learning and awareness, and improve its status in the field of international education, it expanded its education and culture in the middle of the intangible aspects of strength, lets the student in an increasingly complex international environment can better survival and development, but also to enhance the mutual understanding of different countries under different culture background.

The internationalization of American higher education has a strong guarantee from all aspects and fields. In terms of funds, the government will provide a large amount of financial support to schools every year. Some schools will engage in some industry and generate income in it. With strong financial support, the software and hardware strength of schools will be enhanced, and the teaching quality of schools will also be enhanced. Policy: the federal government of the United States will formulate relevant education policies according to the current foreign and domestic situations to help the normal and sound operation and development of domestic colleges and universities, and provide necessary and strong support for the development of schools, so as to better adapt to the social situation. Faculty: American colleges and universities have a strong faculty guarantee, and their strong academic atmosphere and the mixture of diverse cultures make them have unique charm to attract a large number of excellent teachers. The highly free cultural environment makes its schools, education and teachers have a strong potential for development. Social support: the development and growth of the school cannot be achieved without the support of the national government and the help from the society. In the United States, some enterprises and celebrities in the society will provide financial support to the school in various aspects, most of which is financial support. These funds have undoubtedly injected new energy into the development of the school.

Foreign language learning is one of the important indicators to measure the internationalization of higher education. Former us secretary of state condoleezza rice once explicitly pointed out that learning foreign languages will "expand the employment opportunities of young people, enrich their spare time and reflect our respect for the culture of other countries and regions". However, according to the survey conducted by relevant departments in the United States, in fact, nearly 40% of students do not realize the importance and value of foreign language learning, and they do not use foreign language learning as one of the ways to gain international experience. In recent years, the United States has taken steps to strengthen foreign language learning among its students. In January 2005, the former US President George w. bush announced plans for the national security language, points out request in the planning work for the federal government and related institutions should be encouraged to citizens of the United States to learn Chinese, Russian, Japanese, Arabic, Korean, etc., and called for fiscal year 2007 the work allocate special fund up to more than $one hundred million. The state department at the time at least tripled the number of students enrolled in Fulbright's new language learning program, had them identify a one-year study in advance, and required six months of language study in the target language's native country. The office of the director of national intelligence established language camps in 2007 for 400 schoolchildren and 400 working teachers in five states. In terms of foreign language learning, another new change worth paying attention to is that after the "9.11 incident", the us government has improved the status of foreign language learning in American colleges and universities, strengthened the learning of foreign language education, and truly improved the status of foreign language learning through legislation, so as to guarantee and promote the implementation and development of foreign language education. Alan goodman, President and chief executive officer of the institute of international education, said a multicultural education abroad could help students develop the qualities they need to be citizens of the world. Hillary Clinton, America's secretary of state, urged the class of 2009 "to become an envoy to build a global partnership of friendship through your life and your career". Current US President barack Obama pointed out in June 2009 that the types of current exchange programs and the setting of scholarships must be increased. Exchanges in the field of education will play a crucial role in bringing the world together. The purpose of internationalization of higher education is to enhance the exchange and cooperation among international higher education. The United States government and high-end institutions promote international exchanges of higher education by means of transnational education cooperation, overseas education branches and educational partners. In order to promote the development of the internationalization of higher education in the United States and enhance the actual efficiency of the internationalization of higher education, the United States government and its educational institutions have adopted a variety of methods and means, among which the two most effective aspects are from the perspective of students and teachers.

One is to adopt various ways to cultivate students' international vision. Many colleges and universities in the United States spread international or global knowledge and ideas to students in the classroom, provide opportunities and platforms for students to participate in various extracurricular activities and projects, and make students' lives full of international flavor. In addition, American colleges and universities attach great importance to providing students with various opportunities for exercise, such as providing students with international extracurricular activities, opportunities for internship abroad and participation in international services. Meanwhile, the number of friendly cooperation programs between American and international schools has also increased significantly. In recent years, many large companies in the United States began and universities establish contact, and take the form of cooperation, including some of the large multinational corporations, the international well-known universities in the United States to provide financial backing for these enterprises, USES include school renovation, infrastructure construction, teachers' welfare, scholarship issue and a series of measures for school development has a strong role, this is without a doubt for the development of the school into the blood fresh and energetic. Among them, Microsoft corporation of the United States has reached the intention of cooperation with many international colleges and universities, giving colleges and universities the power to open some courses related to Microsoft, offering numerous welfare policies and encouraging students to study. This not only adds strength to the school and makes it more attractive to excellent talents, but also provides strong support for students. As a school, while large companies frequently offer olive branches to American colleges and universities, it also often takes the initiative to seek to establish cooperative relations with international large enterprises, so as to cultivate talents for enterprises and continuously deliver excellent talents to enterprises. Therefore, while paying attention to the internationalization of higher education, the United States also attaches great importance to the internationalization of curriculum design and curriculum content, and has made unremitting efforts in this regard. In terms of course content, international requirements are included in the main courses, and requirements on world history, international relations, international cooperation, foreign languages and other aspects are added. Second, encourage and support teachers and students to study abroad, study abroad, visit, etc., learn about foreign education, bring things worth learning back to China, through this series of measures to strengthen and promote the construction of the school and the development of students themselves. American higher education internationalization in the cultivation of the students' international consciousness, and the scholars of different countries and the students research activities on a regular basis to carry out, for young students to tourism as a cultural exchange activities of financial support, the colleges and universities teachers develop into international initiatives, and the academic exchanges between schools have made full progress in such aspects as benign operation. In spite of this, the internationalization of higher education in the United States is often affected by politics, economy, security and other related fields, resulting in a temporary halt or even regression in its development. However, the internationalization of higher education in the United States is unwavering.

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