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The student work force at British universities

2019-04-17 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The student work force at British universities,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了英国高校的学生工作队伍。英国高校的学生工作不管是在传统的分散型大学还是新型的集中型大学,都呈现出分工明确、职责明晰的组织管理体系,囊括了为学生提供服务和支持的方方面面。英国也开始在一些大学设立专门对学习困难学生进行咨询辅导的人员,逐步发展为现在的学生学习指导模式。英国政府对提高学生的学习能力也十分重视,打算建立一个全国学习能力提高的门户网站,旨在提供学习技能培养的信息和资源,为教师和学生服务。

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Student work force "student work" and "team building" are the main idiomatic expressions in Chinese colleges and universities, while the similar concepts in Britain are "student affairs management" and "organizational structure". Due to the differences in social system and cultural tradition, there are also differences in educational concepts and related institutions in the field of colleges and universities.

Generally speaking, the student work in colleges and universities in China mainly includes two aspects: one is the ideological and political education of students, and the other is the daily management of students. The British student affairs management focuses on the daily management of students. The term "organization" is rooted in the concept in the field of management in our country, as for the specific condition of relative to the UK, we are here to perform work for student affairs management mode type, the standard and the related policies and regulations of selecting and appointing personnel composition, synthesis, with these specific indicators to reflect required including the connotation of the term "organization".

The "learning contract" is a common teaching method in the "ability education" of British universities. At many schools and departments at wolff ampton, students take a "learning contract" module, such as in the humanities and social sciences and computer science departments, where they can choose a subject and conduct their own needs analysis, program design, organization, and project evaluation under the guidance of faculty. Students work in groups of 4 to 5 to develop a research plan based on the characteristics of the selected topic, which is called "learning contract". After the draft is put forward, the student research group reports to a review committee composed of instructors, students and employer representatives, and requests the committee to review the plan, also known as "contract negotiation". After deliberation and modification, the adopted plan is fixed in the form of "learning contract", and the research group organizes and implements it according to the contract provisions.

Decentralization means that the whole university is a virtual entity, which only has symbolic significance to the outside world, but what really plays a role is the colleges below the university, which are the entity of the university. This type of management is quite common in traditional universities in Britain, and the famous Oxford University and Cambridge university are typical representatives of this type. For example, the university of Oxford has 38 colleges, each of which is equivalent to a small-scale university system. The college is responsible for the daily management, tutoring, accommodation, welfare, enrollment and employment of students, and many colleges even have the same departments.

Centralization means that the whole university is an entity, implementing a unified and centralized management from top to bottom. Each college and department belongs to the whole university, and all its affairs are coordinated and arranged by the whole university. Such types of management are common in Britain's new universities. For example, the university of reading, where we are studying, is a centralized management university. This kind of management mode is similar to the current management mode of colleges and universities in China. Therefore, the research on the organization and construction of student work force will mainly focus on universities with such management mode.

Learning guidance is mainly aimed at the following types of students: one is the writing difficulty, which is mainly reflected in the students' inability to write in a planned way, lack of analytical thinking ability, and the phenomenon of "writing barriers". "Writing disorder" refers to the students while doing a good schedule, according to the effective writing method to prepare, but at the time of writing will still can't remember what to write, can't find the past accumulated information and language of the mind, like a stuck, grammar mistakes, lack of basic knowledge in writing papers and articles, etc. The other category is students who can't take notes and read, who return to school, who are not good at time management, who often procrastinate in handing in homework, who can't make oral presentations, who can't prepare for exams.

Whether in traditional decentralized universities or new centralized universities, student work in British universities presents an organizational management system with clear division of labor and clear responsibilities, covering all aspects of providing services and support for students. The university of reading's student affairs work is organized as follows: at the very top is the university's student affairs committee, whose membership has been described above. The specific executive department of this committee, namely the functional department, is the student service center of the whole school, which is a student affairs agency providing services and support for students. Under the student service center, more specific departments will be set up according to students' needs and student-related aspects, such as student accommodation office, student financial aid office, student record office, career guidance service center, disability service office, learning guidance center and psychological counseling office. The UK has also started to set up special counseling staff for students with learning difficulties in some universities, gradually developing into the current student learning guidance mode. The UK government also attaches great importance to improving the learning ability of students. The higher education administration has invested special funds to establish a national learning ability improvement portal, aiming to provide information and resources for the development of learning skills for teachers and students. The project has just started and is expected to be completed in five years.

Study skills workshop generally consists of the following several parts: first, the teacher introduced the main content of this workshop and operation mode, and then introduce the basic method of the learning skills by teachers, learning method, which could be used to guide the students to discuss and then discussed the theme of a practical training, and finally, using the result of practice further illustrates the key points to solve the problem. For example, the process of organizing a course paper writing workshop: start with a group discussion on the topic "what are your difficulties in writing a course paper? Then I will provide simple methods of course paper writing, and then I will carry out writing training, including critical thinking training, paragraph writing, and course paper layout. Finally, I will develop the course paper according to the layout, and confirm whether the course paper has covered all the problems that need to be solved. There is also a special learning workshop, generally according to the requirements of the department concerned, according to the professional curriculum tailored, specialized in the department, for the students of the specialty, focusing on the special needs of professional courses. Typically, specialized learning workshops are organized by the learning guidance counselor for the first year and then handed over to the department for its own creation. That is to say, in the special learning workshop, the learning guidance consultant plays a role in designing the course module, training relevant personnel of the school and department, and demonstrating the course. But perhaps because "foreign monks chant sutras," students often prefer to learn from counselors. At the same time, the center also has a system of mutual learning and mutual support. For example, senior consultants will provide guidance and Suggestions to new employees from time to time to help them analyze and solve cases. Counselors also study each other. The characteristics of refinement and concretization are closely related to the above characteristics. It is their specialization in student service that promotes the refinement and concretization of their student service work. They will be related to any aspect of student affairs as a specific job to set up. Oxford University set up a mentor office, for example, they have three reception secretary, employment counseling, psychological counseling teachers, learning guidance teacher, live in the dormitory administrator, student status management teacher, etc., this is the university of reading the entire school student affairs management system is the basic similar, it may be said "the sparrow is small, all-sided", just different size and number.

It covers all aspects of students' life, work and study. The student affairs department usually has a small library, and a large number of free written materials are available for students to read at any time, covering all aspects of student affairs.

Flexible setting and diverse working methods according to the requirements of specific posts. The school makes a study guide manual for the most likely problems in students' learning, provides students with basic learning methods, and helps students adjust their learning methods to obtain good learning results. The university of reading, for example, currently produces 12 guidebooks covering everything from academic reading, class notes, oral presentations, and essay writing.

In a word, the design idea of the learning guidance system is to solve general minor problems through the learning guidance manual. Problems that pose problems but do not create obstacles are addressed through learning skills workshops; Severe learning disabilities are resolved through one-on-one, individual tutoring. The idea of British higher education is to regard students as independent individuals who can be responsible for their own words and deeds. The student affairs department of the university mainly provides services, help, support and guidance for them, basically belonging to the support system and auxiliary system. In order to improve work efficiency, they have adopted a combination of full-time and part-time jobs to meet students' various needs.

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