代写范文

留学资讯

写作技巧

论文代写专题

服务承诺

资金托管
原创保证
实力保障
24小时客服
使命必达

51Due提供Essay,Paper,Report,Assignment等学科作业的代写与辅导,同时涵盖Personal Statement,转学申请等留学文书代写。

51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标

私人订制你的未来职场 世界名企,高端行业岗位等 在新的起点上实现更高水平的发展

积累工作经验
多元化文化交流
专业实操技能
建立人际资源圈

The dual system of higher education in Britain

2019-03-25 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The dual system of higher education in Britain,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了英国的高等教育二元制。1966年,英国教育与科学部正式颁布二元制政策,将原有的90多所艺术教育和技术等独立学院合并为30所多科技术学院,与14所苏格兰中央学院,64所高等教育学院,300多所继续教育学院一起成为二元制的“公共控制”的高等教育,标志着英国高等教育二元制的建立,将高等教育分为“自治大学”和以多科技术学院为代表的公共控制的非大学两部分。

dual system of higher education,英国高等教育二元制,essay代写,作业代写,代写

One of the direct and important reasons for the end of the dual system of higher education in Britain is that multi-subject technical colleges and other colleges do not enjoy the same rights and status as universities, leading to the "drift" of multi-subject technical colleges to universities. The end of the dual system of higher education in Britain, which is mainly marked by the disappearance of multi-subject technical colleges, provides certain enlightenment and reference significance for the development of higher vocational education in China.

After the second world war, Britain faced with economic reality behind countries such as America, Germany, the pain to the revitalization of the UK, must develop the higher education, especially to satisfy the needs of the social science and technology education and practical education, vocational and technical training, cultivate a variety of specifications of the talents, but how to expand the scale of the UK higher education to meet the needs of the society has become the main problem with the government is considering. In 1963, the government issued the Robbins report that the expansion of higher education should be on in college, university and institute of federal, establish is given priority to with university, university of complete and unified system, put forward the "all entrance ability and qualification and hope to receive higher education of the youth should be get the chance of higher education" an important axiom, but entrance ability and qualification levels are still more than half of the card at the door of the higher education of high school graduates. On April 27, 1963, the newly appointed minister of state for education and science announced the idea of dualism of higher education on behalf of the government in his speech on the 75th anniversary of the ulvicidoko institute of technology. Cross Roland think establish a multidisciplinary institute of technology as the main body is in a completely dominant position in the university can be avoided, make the university and the university as an equal, mutual competition, is not carried out in accordance with the principle of ladder stratification, are two functions of different types of higher education, how science and technology institute of vocational education as the main body of the university of science and technology, college provides academic general education, through two types of higher education within the system of competition in order to achieve the social needs of higher education. Education and science department 1966 formally promulgated the dual policy - on the multidisciplinary institute of technology and other colleges plan ", the original of more than 90 independent college art education and technology and combined with university "equal" for 30 more college of science and technology, and the faculty of 14 central Scotland, 64 higher education institute, school of continuing education, more than 300 together become "public control" of the binary system of higher education, marks the British higher education the establishment of the binary system, higher education can be divided into "autonomous university" and represented by multidisciplinary institute of technology university of public control of two parts. Among them, autonomous universities have the right to confer academic degrees, which are directly conferred by the university. And represented by multidisciplinary institute of technology university no award degrees, students majoring in national degree awarding committee of degree or external degree at the university of London, to pass the national committee for academic degrees committee awarded the degree or external degree at the university of London, schools have no approval, all kinds of academic activities and international communication should be carried out in accordance with the approved plans to education and science, with or without degree awarding powers is an important symbol of difference between university and the university. Secondly, in terms of management and fund allocation, the university has the autonomy. The fund is allocated by the government through the university allocation committee, and the government becomes the main provider of university funds and provides sufficient funds for the university. University on the fiscal expenditure has greater independence, the government cannot intervene in the internal affairs of the university of, and represented by multidisciplinary institute of technology university run by the local education authorities, human rights and the purse strings in the district education commission or bureau of education, schools can only according to the budget, according to the annual budget allocated budget items can only be limited to the extent.

In spite of the establishment of a dual purpose is seeking common ground while putting aside differences, against the principle of ladder, it is equal to the university and college to compete and achieve admission education democracy, but the binary system of higher education is not designed by the government in advance of course development, continue to two types of higher education continuously within the system of competition, to maintain the balance between the two parts of the university and the university, but rather a much more close to the university of science and technology college of "academic drift", to improve the status and the university for the purpose of the equal competition, the criticism of the inequality of the learning process.

It is an inevitable trend to abolish the dual system of higher education. In May 1991, the parliament issued a white paper higher education: a new framework, which proposed the abolition of dualism and the establishment of a single framework for higher education. In March 1992, the parliament adopted the continuing education and higher education act. According to "higher education: a new framework" and the continuing education and higher education law, the government cut in 1989 to set up the fund committee "university" and "school of multidisciplinary institute of technology and other foundation committee", by region set up "the council for higher education fund," agreed to apply multidisciplinary technology university, with equal status, university enjoys its own right to confer degrees, at the same time also cancelled the national degree awarding committee, lowering the degree to the major colleges and universities. The dualism of higher education in Britain has come to an end with 34 multi-disciplinary technical colleges and some others being renamed universities.

UK higher education the reason at the end of the binary system is complex, both macroscopic and microscopic, but a direct and important reason is that many college of science and technology and other colleges did not enjoy the same rights and status at the university, in the competition at a disadvantage with university, exists the phenomenon of higher education stratification, led to a more "drift" to the university science and technology college, against unfair growing, learning process end binary system of higher education, college of science and technology as a professional education more series to disappear from the higher education system. We can reflect on the development of higher vocational education in China from the end of the dual system of higher education in Britain and the disappearance of multi-subject technical colleges, and get some enlightenment from it.

In a sense, the dual system of higher education also exists in China. As an important part of the higher education system, higher vocational education has made great contributions to the popularization of higher education in China. Regardless of the follow-up of higher vocational education development directly influences the quality of higher education in China, but at present our country's higher vocational education is similar to the British institute of science and technology is a bit more embarrassing position, although the state advocates vigorously develop vocational education, but some of the current policy, there are not conducive to the development of higher vocational education, can't guarantee of higher vocational education to enjoy equal rights with the ordinary higher education and position. Therefore, governments at all levels should first make full use of various media to actively publicize and promote higher vocational education, so that the masses have a correct understanding and in-depth understanding of higher vocational education, and change the low social identity of higher vocational education. However, the adjustment of ideas is far from enough only by publicity and education. More importantly, a series of policies and measures should be formulated to improve the status of higher vocational education.

In 2004 the ministry of education and other seven departments several opinions on further strengthening the vocational education work specified in the "from now until 2010, promoted to become four-year-undergraduate universities in the level of vocational colleges and universities are no longer", at present, our country's higher vocational education are positioned at the college level, the higher vocational college has become the highest level of vocational education, not corresponding cohesion, and the ordinary higher education became the finality of the higher vocational education, makes the higher vocational college graduates in the talent market clearly at a disadvantage. In order to change this situation, students and their parents are racing to upgrade their capital. Higher vocational colleges also strive for "upgrading capital" for their own interests and "drift" towards general higher education, which will lead to less distinctive characteristics of higher vocational personnel training and lower education quality, so that higher vocational education will easily repeat the fate of the British polytechnic. To do this, you need to "rise this" try to guide the trend of the higher vocational colleges, the trend toward another channel, managerial condition will be better at undergraduate level of higher vocational colleges by the specialized level, and gradually increase to the master's and doctoral level, the level of the extension of the higher vocational education, the formation and the ordinary higher education hierarchy that matches the specialized subject and undergraduate course, master and doctor reasonable hierarchy, such as construction of higher vocational education of the independent complete system. In this way, it is possible for all kinds of higher vocational school-running subjects to be satisfied with the higher vocational orientation, improve the quality and promote the sound and healthy development of higher vocational education.

For a long time, in the "elite education", under the influence of the funding mechanism of higher education funding allocation phenomenon, there is a serious disequilibrium in higher vocational education of a serious shortage of investment, and high cost of running higher vocational education itself, according to the developing countries to the education cost of the research results show that the cost of higher vocational education is common (2 times the cost of higher education. China's higher education public investment was insufficient, since the 1990 s, China's public education funds accounted for the proportion of gross national product (GNP) hovers at 2.4% ~ 2.8%, still hasn't been stated goal of 4%, and not much education and ordinary higher education diverted funds, government spending on higher vocational students is far lower than for undergraduate students. In 1996, 52.92 percent of China's total vocational education budget was allocated for vocational education, and in 2000, this proportion decreased to 43.12 percent. In 1996, vocational education accounted for 11.53% of the total education budget, but in 2002, this proportion decreased to 6.35%. In 2005, the budget for general higher education was 104.637 billion yuan, of which 93.605 billion yuan was allocated for undergraduate education, accounting for 89.46 percent, and 11.032 billion yuan was allocated for higher vocational education, accounting for only 10.54 percent. Public finances insufficient, resulting in many higher vocational colleges have to make high fees, form with "student tuition is given priority to" income mechanism, funds nervous, affect the quality and competitiveness of talents cultivation, this kind of "low input high fee" even caused part of the family "learned from poverty", higher vocational colleges has led to more attractive to students. Therefore, to enhance the competitiveness of higher vocational education and improve the status of higher vocational education, it is necessary to increase the proportion of investment in higher vocational education, provide fair financial policies for education, and create a favorable material environment for the development of higher vocational education.

At present, vocational colleges and universities are "approved after admission" and become refuges for ordinary higher education "failed students". To make higher vocational education grow and grow faster, it is urgent to eliminate the obvious unfair policies as soon as possible, create an external environment of equal competition for higher vocational education, and reform the current enrollment methods and policies for higher vocational education. Higher vocational colleges should not simply choose higher vocational students according to the scores and standards of ordinary college entrance examination, nor should they be regarded as the refuges for "failed students". Higher vocational students should test not only the necessary cultural knowledge but also the professional and technical ability of the examinee. In this way, it not only considers the students' individual development, but also creates conditions for improving the level of higher vocational education. It is not because who wants to enter higher vocational education can enter, and it is not because they cannot enter the door of ordinary higher education that they lower the requirements to enter higher vocational education. It truly reflects that higher vocational education is a type of higher education.

In January 1999, the trial according to the new management mode and operation mechanism of higher vocational and technical education implementation opinion "stipulated in the higher vocational graduates don't package distribution, not hair of ministry of education printed diploma, inner core is not common colleges and universities graduate employment send to report for duty card, education is given priority to with the students pay cost, the operating expense of provincial finance allowance is given priority to, this is known as" three high "policy. In recent years, the policy for graduates of ordinary institutions of higher learning has been reformed. However, it is emphasized that graduates of higher vocational colleges should not be issued with employment dispatch registration CARDS, which makes people think that higher vocational and technical colleges are not as good as ordinary colleges and universities. Therefore, in the positioning of higher vocational education, higher vocational education and general higher education should be given equal status, so that the two types of graduates enjoy the same graduation policy and employment policy, treatment, for the development of higher vocational education to create a good environment.

51due留学教育原创版权郑重声明:原创essay代写范文源自编辑创作,未经官方许可,网站谢绝转载。对于侵权行为,未经同意的情况下,51Due有权追究法律责任。主要业务有essay代写、assignment代写、paper代写、作业代写服务。

51due为留学生提供最好的essay代写服务,亲们可以进入主页了解和获取更多essay代写范文 提供代写服务,详情可以咨询我们的客服QQ:800020041。

上一篇:American national identity 下一篇:American feminist jurisprudenc