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Network news communication education in the United States

2019-02-27 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Network news communication education in the United States,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国的网络新闻传播教育。如今,网络已经迅速成长为一个重要的新闻获取渠道,而哥伦比亚大学开放传统媒体学术大本营,也反映了目前正在不断增长的网络新闻及其教育的重要性得到了全美新闻传播教育界的肯定。在此环境下,美国网络新闻传播已经成为所有新闻传播高校的必修课程。

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The United States is the birthplace of the Internet and the most developed country. In America, online news is second only to television. The newspaper association's most recent survey, released in October 2006, found that despite a decline in newspaper readership in the United States, the number of people accessing newspaper websites increased by an average of 31 percent in the first half of 2006. Statistics show that in the first half of 2006, the number of monthly newspaper website visitors reached 55.5 million, up from 42.2 million in 2005. In the first half of 2006, the number of newspaper website readers increased by 52%. The survey also found that the Internet is particularly attractive to young readers. Readers aged 25 to 34 increased the most on newspaper websites by 15%, while readers aged 18 to 24 increased by 10%. Readers aged 25 to 34 on the Washington post website increased by 60%. The highly developed network journalism in the United States has laid a solid foundation for its network news communication education.

The Internet has rapidly grown into an important news access channel, and Columbia University, a traditional media academic base, has opened its mind to embrace the Internet media, which is a major change, reflecting the growing importance of Internet news and its education, which has been affirmed by the news communication education circle across the United States. In addition, the American network journalism awards, which began in 2000, are held annually and have been held six times so far. Sponsored by the American network journalism association, the school of journalism at Columbia University and the annenberg school of communication at the university of southern California. In this environment, network news communication in the United States has become a compulsory course in all universities of news communication.

Although the course name of network news communication in the United States is not uniform, its teaching content is relatively consistent. It mainly includes the definition and characteristics of network news communication, the ways and characteristics of collecting information from the Internet for reporting, network news writing, network news editing, network photojournalism, relevant ethical issues, and the application of images and animations in network news reports. Application and processing of audio and video information in network news report; News website design, network news audience analysis; Network news laws and regulations, case analysis.

American Online Journalism and communication courses are derived from Online Journalism and communication courses started in American universities in the 1980s. At that time, the teaching content was news and academic database retrieval, and computer-aided reporting. Since the 1990s, the emergence of web design, web production and other content.

However, the original meaning of the word Online is Online, Online. According to the encyclopedia of desktop computers, while people can now refer to being connected to the Internet as Online, Online can also refer to a peripheral device connected to a computer. But the word "network" in what people call "network news transmission" undoubtedly refers to the Internet. Obviously, it is not accurate to equate "Online Journalism" with "network Journalism" or "network Journalism".

Therefore, new names such as Web Journalism and Digital Journalism have appeared, but they do not resonate with the educational and academic circles. For the word Digital goes beyond the Internet. Moreover, with the rise of Digital TV, should Digital TV be included in the teaching of this course? The answer is clearly no.

The author would like to emphasize that the term "internetjou-rnalism" or "Internetcommunication" is not used as the name of the course or discipline in the educational circles and academic circles of journalism and communication in the United States. It is worth pointing out that "Internet Communication" cannot be translated into "Internet Communication". In the United States, all books titled "Internet Communication" are computer or Communication books without exception. This is because Communication is a polysemous word. In addition, Internet has also been a word that has been overused.

However, the author finds that "Interactive Journalism" or "Interactive Communication" is used.

It has become a trend that there are more and more colleges and universities with course names. Indeed, from a technical point of view, the fundamental characteristic of network news communication is digitalization; From the perspective of communication, the fundamental feature of network news communication is interactivity.

It is worth noting that some journalism schools in American universities actively promote the major of "media convergence" instead of "network news communication" and "new media". For example, since 2005, the Missouri school of journalism has added an undergraduate program in media convergence. In today's era, due to the constant emergence of various new media and diversified means of news communication, the boundaries between traditional media and between traditional media and new media are being constantly broken through, and various media are moving towards integration from conflict and competition, which has become the general trend of media pattern changes. Therefore, students majoring in journalism and communication should have the thinking and ability to break through the boundaries of media and adapt to the needs of new and old media when collecting, writing, editing and recording news. In postgraduate education, "media convergence" has also been attached great importance, and corresponding directions and courses have been set up.

The faculty resources of the school of journalism and communication in the United States are divided into two categories. The first category is teachers with doctoral degrees, who teach courses of communication theory and research methods. The other is professional practice teachers, who generally have rich experience in journalism or have outstanding achievements in journalism.

The school of journalism and communication in the United States has a large number of part-time faculty, with more adjunct professors than full-time faculty members at prestigious universities such as Columbia University's school of journalism. A large number of part-time teachers come from the industry, which makes the school of journalism and communication very close to the practical world.

The American school of journalism and communication neither teaches journalism theory nor enrolls graduate students majoring in journalism theory, which is quite different from journalism education in China. The teaching content of network news communication also reflects the pragmatic tradition of American journalism education, that is, the emphasis on web design and production technology, network news editing practice, light network communication theory.

Most schools of journalism and communication in the United States have small newspapers, radio stations, television stations and websites, and professors are usually the chief editors and the guidance. Students are responsible for the interview, writing, web design and other specific businesses. Such kind of media run by the college is mainly funded and staffed by the college. But there is also a small amount of advertising revenue to cover some of the costs. The Columbia school of journalism website, for example, is full of student journalism. But the college pays for the use of web site administrators as technical support.

American network news communication education also has some deficiencies. The most obvious one is that there is no teaching research on the profit model and management of network media. This is hard to understand in a country with highly developed media economy and network economy. This may be related to the fact that many teachers of journalism and communication departments in American universities are journalists and editors, who have a special preference for network journalism practice. In addition, the mobile media in the United States is less developed and popular than that in Japan, which to some extent restricts the integrity of its new media teaching and research.

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