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British and Australian vocational qualification certificate system

2018-12-04 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- British and Australian vocational qualification certificate system,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了英国和澳大利亚的职业资格证书制度。国家职业资格证书是由国家统一规定的对各行业从业人员应达到的职业准入标准,是劳动者进入某一相关职业岗位的通行证。近年来,英国和澳大利亚对职业资格证书制度进行改革,并取得了显著的成效,极大的促进就业和职业教育的发展。无论是英国还是澳大利亚,都建立了一整套质量控制体系,从标准制定到考核组织,到考评人员和督考人员管理都有严格的制度和章程,从而保证了国家职业资格证书的可靠性和权威性。

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In recent years, the UK and Australia have reformed the vocational certification system and achieved remarkable results. This paper expounds the development and common characteristics of the vocational qualification certificate system in Britain and Australia, and analyzes their reference significance for the development of the vocational qualification certificate system in China.

National professional qualification certificate is the professional admittance standard that should achieve to each profession employee from unified regulation by the country, it is effective inside whole society limits, it is the pass that laborer enters a certain relevant professional post. In recent years, Britain and Australia have reformed the vocational qualification certificate system and achieved remarkable results, which greatly promoted the development of employment and career education. The present situation of China's vocational qualification certificate system and a series of problems, which requires us to learn from foreign advanced experience and based on China's actual situation to develop and improve China's vocational qualification certificate system.

In Australia, the national vocational qualification certificate is issued by a registered training institution. The national unified vocational qualification framework system adopted by Australia has been implemented since January 1, 1995 and will be fully implemented in Australia by 2000. AQF takes the industry demand as the guidance and integrates the capability units required by the occupations involved in the industry. This framework system has 12 levels of qualification certificates, including education certificate of general high school, partial qualification certificate, 1-4 levels of certificate diploma and higher diploma, bachelor's degree, graduate diploma, master's degree and doctor's certificate. The transition between certificates and diplomas at all levels is recognized nationally and is not restricted by training institutions or regions. The framework system of low level and high level with cohesion relationship between certificate: certificate of student in Ⅰ after studying several modules, can obtain certificate Ⅱ, and so on. AQF establishes the "flyover" between high school education, higher vocational technology education and ordinary higher education, as well as professional education, so that education of various levels and forms communicate, complement and intersect with each other.

In 1986, the British government formally established the national vocational qualification committee, which is responsible for formulating national vocational qualification standards and the certification of national vocational qualification, and promoting new national vocational qualification certificates and general vocational qualification certificates. In 1995, the national vocational qualification committee of the United Kingdom merged with the school assessment bureau to establish the national qualification and curriculum bureau, which uniformly managed the identification of education certificate and vocational qualification certificate, incorporated the vocational qualification and education qualification into the same qualification framework system, and established the national qualification framework system. In the UK, the national vocational qualification certificate and the ordinary education diploma are both equivalent and interchangeable in status. NQF adopts the credit system, which can continuously meet the development needs of industrial enterprises represented by employers. In the formulation of NQF standards, opinions from all aspects have been fully absorbed, covering the industry, professional production practice. The assessment, assessment and issuance of NQF in the UK have a strict quality control system, and each link and step has detailed provisions to ensure the impartiality and authority of NQF certificates.

In Britain and Australia, vocational training is closely related to education legislation. Relevant government departments have promulgated a series of laws and regulations on vocational qualification certificate system. It is precisely because of the importance attached to the legislation of education and its normative management that the British and Australian national vocational certificate system gradually steps into the track of efficient and orderly development from the original chaotic and disorderly state.

Both Britain and Australia have established a whole set of quality control system, from standard formulation to assessment organization, to the management of examiners and supervisors, which have strict systems and regulations, thus ensuring the reliability and authority of the national vocational qualification certificate.

The examination institutions in Britain and Australia are perfect, and the examination methods are flexible and diverse. The vocational qualification certificate examination is not only in the classroom, but also in the field examination closely combined with the actual work, which is a major reform of the traditional examination methods. Adopted in British and Australian vocational qualification certification of learning outcomes in addition to written and speaking assessment also includes many contents, such as their studies, reports, papers, case analysis, product production, speaking skills, took the exam, teaching activities, after-school programs, the oral exam, videos and tapes, etc., the results were as the result of students' learning evaluation, and performance rating is given.

The unified vocational qualification system of Britain and Australia ADAPTS to the needs of the labor market and the needs of the educated. The national government actively urges industry organizations to participate in the construction of the vocational qualification certificate system, conduct surveys, set up vocational qualification certificate projects and develop corresponding courses according to market demands. A unified and open national vocational qualification certificate system shall be established as a whole by the national government in conjunction with industrial organizations to comprehensively prove the individual skills of laborers and provide a simple and convenient way for their employment, reemployment and retraining.

On the basis of continuing to implement the provisions of the labor law and the vocational education law, the ministry of labor and social security of China issued the opinions on vigorously promoting the construction of the vocational qualification certificate system in 2000 and formulated the provisions on the vocational qualification certificate in 2004. However, China's relevant laws and regulations on the vocational qualification certificate system are still not perfect, China should formulate perfect laws and regulations and management rules, establish and improve the relevant legal system, and effectively improve the status and role of the vocational qualification certificate. The government should strengthen legislation on the system of vocational qualification certificates, and gradually form a system of vocational qualification certificates and a legal system for the appraisal of vocational skills that is in line with state laws, administrative regulations, departmental rules and local regulations. Through legislation, the legal system of vocational qualification certificate adapted to the labor market was established, which laid a legal guarantee foundation for the comprehensive implementation of the vocational qualification certificate system in China, and created good external conditions for the effective integration of education vocational qualification certificate and education academic degree.

China's vocational qualification certificate system is not yet perfect, and the vocational education and higher education curriculum system have not yet been connected. And the quality of professional skill appraisal is the basis and key to objectively and accurately measure workers' professional ability and labor value. Therefore, the establishment of a scientific and perfect professional appraisal quality assurance system is the fundamental to ensure the quality of professional appraisal. China should learn from Britain, Australia and other countries, establish a national unified vocational qualification certificate training, examination and certificate awarding system that is participated and managed by industry organizations, and strengthen government guidance, policy support and industry participation. Students should obtain the post qualification certificate of the industry by examining the professional qualification certificate. School should be under the support and guidance of industry, set up specialized agencies, responsible for the management of post qualification certificate training, examination, according to the provisions of the relevant management department and request, for professional qualification certificate examination to establish the corresponding management system, formulate feasible implementation plan, strengthen the quality control of qualification certificate training examination and management.

Britain and Australia are basically by the familiar with the industry business all will organize to set up a feasible standard of qualification, prepare the corresponding exam outline, training course and examination method, let evaluators and evaluators are clearly know the evaluation on the basis of specific standards, which will be conducive to students attending the evaluation targeted study exams can also prevent the subjectivity and one-sidedness in the evaluation process, the certificate can meet the needs of the industry demand and textual research. Professional qualification appraisal is based on students' learning outcomes, the basis of professional qualification evaluation of our country mainly from two aspects, one is the written test, one is the actual operation, with the British and Australian vocational qualification certification of existence very big difference, our country should establish a diversified professional qualification appraisal basis, adopted in the professional qualification certification of learning outcomes in addition to the written and practical evaluation include more content.

In recent years, with the transition of China's economic system, the break of the original economic pattern and the increasing diversification of enterprises in the form of ownership, education and training of enterprises show a trend of diversification. Under such circumstances, how to establish new cooperative relations between various relevant social organizations, especially according to the needs of the industry, train all kinds of specialized talents with industry characteristics, and give full play to the role of the industry in career education and training is an important issue in the reform of China's vocational qualification certificate system. However, there is a lack of industry participation in China's vocational qualification certificate, which will inevitably fail to meet the demand of market industry capacity to some extent. Professional qualification certificate is to promote workers to participate in the training, is a powerful tool to improve their professional skills, should use it to promote vocational training, give full play to its role in promoting training and employment, vocational certificate system guided by professional standards, it is the core part of the national occupational classification and vocational skills standard, professional standard oriented certificate system should be suited to the actual needs of enterprises. The new professional qualification standards, which are oriented by the needs of enterprises and employers, can directly improve the production efficiency of enterprises, keep pace with the changes of production and technology, and have strong vitality.

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