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作业代写:The theory of justice in the spirit of tragedy

2018-06-04 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The theory of justice in the spirit of tragedy供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了悲剧精神的正义论。悲剧精神的正义论指的是正义所蕴含的悲剧内涵。悲剧不同于悲观主义,相反,它的内涵是积极的,主要指的是典型的希腊精神,即共存于希腊文明深处的宿命论思想和反宿命论的人文精神。反宿命论的人文精神指的是人在对命运的反抗和超越过程中展现的人性的崇高和卓越。悲剧形成于两种不同正义观的碰撞,是对多元化正义准则的安放。滥觞于古希腊的正义观就有一种悲剧式的思维方式。

The theory of justice,悲剧精神正义论,essay代写,论文代写,代写

The theory of justice in the spirit of tragedy refers to the tragic connotation contained in justice. Tragedy is different from pessimism, on the contrary, its connotation is positive, is mainly refers to the typical Greek spirit, which coexist in the depths of the Greek civilization fatalism thought and humanistic spirit against fatalism. The humanistic spirit of anti-fatalism refers to the nobility and excellence of human nature in the process of people's resistance to fate and transcendence. As Nietzsche when talking about the Greek spirit and pessimism, says: "about the Greek spirit and pessimism, and its main meaning is that the greeks is how to treat a pessimism, they are how to overcome the pessimism of... It is tragedy that shows that the greeks are not pessimists. Schopenhauer is wrong here, just as he is often wrong elsewhere. It is of great methodological significance to interpret the theory of justice in the spirit of tragedy. Specifically, the justice of tragedy formed in two different collision, is placed on the principles of diversification of justice, is the sun a rational reflection of justice, is also a serious and enthusiastic of the wine god of justice makes. The concept of justice, which originated in ancient Greece, has a tragic way of thinking. Next, from the occurrence theory, the form theory and the effect theory, the tragic spirit of justice theory on the concrete discussion.

People have diversified explanations and debates on justice, and it is not easy to reach the value recognition of justice concept on the metaphysical level. Socrates, a famous ancient Greek thinker, believed that law is the embodiment of justice, and that citizens who obey the law are just. "Do you remember that when I set up the republic, the next rule was to build on the country," he said. I think that this rule or some principle of this kind contains justice itself, doesn't it?" Plato proposed the concept of hierarchical justice from the standpoint of the noble ruler, but was also contradicted by his student Aristotle, "I love my teacher, I love truth more". According to "Aristotle's political science", there was no equality in ancient times, and justice was that equal men should be given equal things ". "All Aristotle's political views have been explained and summarized in the first sentence of his book. He believes that society is not based on rights, but benefits. Aristotle saw clearly that "there is in every human being a certain conception of justice or justice. But few people have been able to carry out their views of justice consistently, and few have fully explained the meaning of the word "justice" Justice concept is that 'relative', because this kind of idea about everyone's vital interests, and people involved in its interests problem of judgment is always easy to get wrong." "Justice is a transitory, protean face, ready to take on different forms, and of very different features." While mankind has not given up on its efforts to find universal standards of justice, there is no doubt that these efforts have not been easy.

Way of thinking of justice is a philosophical category, is the literature on the basis of perceptual specific category, especially in the tragedy, the writer thinking of pluralistic principles of justice and put. In numerous justice principles, to meet the requirements of the order of justice for the legitimacy of the social ethical position, and the legitimacy of part usually lose the official discourse power, the resulting tragedy. The self-justice view of the individual is painful, and the conflict between the two views of justice is to fight against the existing consensus of justice and to pursue the justice distribution in line with the self-consciousness. Hegel's view of tragedy holds that the conflict of tragedy is the conflict between two one-sided ethical entities, and the failure or destruction of anything of value in the conflict between two forces is a tragedy. Because of the inevitability of the existence of historical resistance, the power of holding the belief of individual justice often fails or destroys in the conflict with the secular justice view, resulting in tragedy. The path from just conflict to tragedy has a long history. LuXunZe said more bluntly: tragedy is to destroy something of value to see the "again on both coasts pour out" by lu xun, as: "the tragedy will be something of value destruction to show people in life, the comedy will let people see no value tear." This shows lu xun's aesthetic and political standpoint. The fall of leifeng pagoda makes the ten scenes of west lake no longer perfect. On the surface, it is a tragedy. Lu xun's understanding of "valuable things" was different from the secular forces of the time. "Something of value" most of the time refers to the meaning of justice. Taking the ancient Greek tragedy as an example, we can see more clearly the decisive role of justice in tragedy. The ancient Greek concept of justice originated from Dike, the goddess of justice, who held a ruler to measure the appropriateness and fairness of all things. "The use of the ancient greeks to the goddess of justice presuppose a premise, that the universe has a single basic order, the order even if natural structure to a certain extent, also make the structure of society has a certain... To be just is to guide one's actions and affairs in accordance with this order. That is to say, the rule of justice in order to maintain the natural order, for the audience, the value pursuit of justice is not a conscious, but by the rules restricting the requirement for people, rationalism in this way, group management, safeguard the order of the whole. "A virtue is a character which is necessary to the achievement of such a good. Justice, on the other hand, is a key virtue, for only justice can provide the order in which other virtues can play their part in the spirit and in the city. Justice rules of the social management needs in order to obtain the authority and legitimacy, is the high to the height of the cosmic order, and often the personality into the will of god, as a result, social justice, become the justice of god.

Therefore, the ancient Greek tragedy with a strong fate, man's fate is already doomed, fate is everywhere all dominated all people, and there are no fluke, and thus makes the ancient Greek tragedy with a strong religious color. God, as a kind of irresistible authority, is regarded as the incarnation of fate, the will of god is regarded as fate, and fate is god's justice. As Antigone chose the unwritten law of the development of the gods, stick to the natural law, the eternal justice in mind gave precious life comes from the ancient Greek tragedian sophocles Antigone. 456-457 lines, of: "the god of the unwritten law constant, it is not limited to, today and yesterday, but a permanent, no one knows what it is." Among them, the unwritten law formulated by the god of heaven refers to the natural law, which is regarded as eternal justice by Antigone. It is eternal justice to abide by the justice principle of the universal order. The various righteous forces in tragedy hold their own positions and cause harm to each other. Although there is nothing wrong with them, they prove their own defects in the tragic destruction and indirectly prove the legitimacy and rationality of eternal justice.

The tragedy of ancient Greece's fatalism shows the debate between different views of justice, especially the struggle between fate and human justice, or the struggle between different people's justice. Behind these arguments lies eternal justice, which was assumed by the ancient greeks as a universal order, a universal harmony reconfirmed in the conflict of individual forces. Not as stressed as modern tragedy character form the decisive significance of tragedy, the ancient Greek tragedy focuses on the performance of people at the mercy of fate, the justice of god's justice to the person's landslide victory. Man has his own view of justice, and often contradicts the oracle. Tragedy is the collision of the just. That time, the ancient Greek in moral evaluation system is not established, so the justice of god and justice are not both sides with the value evaluation of justice, the oracle while in heaven, but justice and resistance is also the existence of rationality, just because of different interests on both sides to form a different concept of justice. So the ancient Greek tragedy is the premise of existence, denied that the choice of the utilitarian principles of justice by the general welfare maximization, and think that cannot ignore any kind of reasonable expression of justice, the tragic text as a carrier to both parties, the specific detail description, bitterness, don't ignore all kinds of people in god's justice is valuable, the people of justice can not be ignored. It is the primary embodiment of ancient Greek democratic thought to recognize the pluralism of justice at the source of philosophy and endow various theories of justice with the right to speak in literary expression.

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