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The influence of Confucianism in China

2015-08-29 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

51due网站精选Essay代写范文:“The influence of Confucianism in China”。这篇论文主要向我们描述了中国古代圣贤大儒‘孔子’对中国发展史的影响,以及对历史的贡献。孔子是一个伟大的思想家,教育家,儒家学派的创始人。孔子是中国文化核心理论的儒家第一代大师。儒学起源于春秋时期,自汉代以来就成为了中国社会的合法性思想。自孔子时代以来,它已超过二千五百年。随着整个社会的变化与发展,儒学在内容、形式、社会功能等方面也在不断地变化和发展。儒家把孔子作为大师,所以也被称为孔子学院,它是一种对中国和东方文明有很大影响的思想,并持续到今天,有的学者认为儒家是一种以人为中心的宗教。

Confucius is the founder of Confucianism, which is not only one of the main part of Chinese culture, but also the representative of the traditional Chinese culture. The Analects is the most important Confucian classics, as well as the most basic book to understand the Confucius’ thoughts and learn Confucianism and traditional Chinese culture. 

Confucius (551-479 B.C.) is a great thinker, educator in the late Spring and Autumn period, and the founder of the Confucian school. Confucius is the first generation and great master of the core theories of Chinese culture---the Confucianism. Confucianism originated from the Spring and Autumn period, and has become Chinese social legitimacy thoughts since Han Dynasty. It has been more than two thousand and five hundred years since Confucius time.  Along with the change and development of the whole society, Confucianism is also in constant change and development in terms of content, form and social function. Confucianism treats Confucius as the master, so it is also known as Confucius school, it is an ideology that has great influence to China and Oriental civilization and lasts till today, and some other scholars think that Confucianism is a kind of religion centered on human beings. 

Confucian classics were formed in the era of Confucius, but different times have total different interpretations on the Confucian classics, so it is difficult to make a well-rounded definition to the Confucianism. Confucianism in essence is social ethics and social management, or religious ethics interpretation, but it is not religious itself. Confucianism basically adheres to the legislation principle of “compatible” and “respectful”, maintains “rule of rites”, advocates “rule of virtue”, and attaches importance to “rule by people”. Confucian ideas had a great influence on the feudal society, and were considered as the orthodox ideology by the feudal rulers for a long time.

The Analects is one of the Confucian classics, which is compiled by Confucius’ disciples. The book consists of twenty chapters, and finished in the spring and autumn period and the warring states period. It mainly adopted sayings and dialogues to record the words and deeds of Confucius and his disciples, embodied Confucius’ political views, logical thoughts, moral concepts and educational principles, etc. The Analects says: “A state should be ruled on a moral basis.” 

For over 2,000 years since the Han Dynasty, every ruler has had to pay at least some heed to this, and the people also expected their ruler to act accordingly. Developing his ideas further, Confucius said: “Regulated by the edicts and punishments, the people will know only how to stay away out of trouble, but will not have a sense of shame. Guided by virtues and the rites, they will not only have a sense of shame, but also know how to correct their mistakes of their own accord.” This philosophy concerning the relationship between politics and morality formed the basis for the Confucian school’s emphasis on moral education. Characteristics of Confucianism, this idea later became a distinguishing feature of Oriental or East Asian culture realm under the influence of Confucianism. His teaching also includes guides on social relationships.  【-Z】

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