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Declaration Of Independence--论文代写范文精选

2015-09-11 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

51due论文代写网精选代写范文:“Declaration Of Independence”。这篇文章主要讲诉了独立宣言是美国历史上最重要的文件之一,通过列举独立宣言之前的一些政治以及社会经济的各种事迹,还有独立宣言的内容和重要精神,是作为美国殖民地宣布其自由的历史性象征。

The Declaration of Independence is undoubtedly one of the most important documents in the history of the United States. The relative importance of such a document can hardly be compared to any previous formal presentation known to modern people. Yet, it can be compared to a simple grievance list offered by today’s unions. I like to compare it to an embattled divorce decree. The Declaration of Independence is the historic document in which the American Colonies declared their freedom from the United Kingdom. This being a bold maneuver truly making a statement to the Crown of King George III. 

Though the populace was far from unanimous, the decision to create and present the document was decided by the Second Continental Congress, on a proposal by Richard Henry Lee of Virginia, due to the events from the preceding decade of tension between the colonies and the United Kingdom. There were several events leading up to the meeting of the Continental Congress. Taxation without representation was to be the main argument of the Americans. The Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Acts of 1767, and the Tea Act of 1773 created much animosity between the colonists and the Parliament. The leadership of the United Kingdom felt as if the colonists owed the taxes for the defense and war recovery of the previous conflicts on American soil. The Americans, though feeling loyal to the Crown, felt as if they should have representatives in the Parliament if they were to pay taxes. Thus the division was made, and armed conflict was to be imminent. There were events other than the taxation that added to the desolation of the relationship between the United Kingdom and the American Colonies. Some famous occurrences included the Boston Massacre, the burning of the Gaspee, the Boston Tea Party, and the Coercive Acts, known to the colonists as the “Intolerable Acts”. This caused the colonists to become extremely alarmed, and would lead to the creation of the Continental Congress. The 5th of September, 1774 the First Continental Congress met in Philadelphia to discuss a plan for resistance. Every colony sent representatives except for Georgia. The representatives believed as most of their constituents, that they should remain as subjects to the Crown. However, they hoped that King George III would resolve the differences between themselves and the Parliament. They would receive no avail from the King, and this infuriated them further. 

By April 1775 war had begun with the clash of British troops and American Militia at the Massachusetts towns of Lexington and nearby Concord. The Second Continental Congress then met in May 1775, desperate to come to a resolution. The delegates, after long debate, again petitioned the King for a final hope of reconciliation with the United Kingdom in July 1775. The King again ignored their requests and declared the colonies to be in rebellion. As the fighting continued the hopes of any kind of reconciliation had faded and the time had come to make a stand for a new nation to be created. Richard Henry Lee introduced his famous resolution stating “ these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states”. The Congress then appointed a committee to draft a declaration of independence. Thomas Jefferson of Virginia was given the task to compose the document, and completed his draft in only two weeks. Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania and John Adams of Massachusetts made a few minor changes. Congress approved the Lee resolution on the 2nd of July 1776, and began to debate Thomas Jefferson’s draft. Only a few passages were removed. Mostly the debate was about what style was to be used. Finally, on the 4th of July 1776, the Congress adopted the final draft of the Declaration of Independence. The birth of our nation has since been celebrated on that day. The document was signed by John Hancock as President of the Second Continental Congress, and by Charles Thomson, the Secretary. Once the document was printed it was read aloud to a crowd in the Pennsylvania State House yard to pass the word to the people. On the 19th of July, Congress ordered the Declaration of Independence engrossed, and for all of its members to sign it. All but four delegates signed; fifty-six of our founding fathers were bold enough to send their name to King George III, none more bold than the President himself. John Hancock sending the largest and most stylish signature, exalting the fact that he wanted the King to see his name. Still today John Hancock’s signature is known as the most famous signature of all time. The basic principals of the Declaration of Independence was derived from an English philosopher named John Locke. The first is that government exists for the people, and should therefore be run by the people. The second is that when a government turns to tyranny, then the people have the right to resist and change the government. The third principal is that “all men are created equal”, and that they have the power to control the change the class from which they were born. The final contribution from the writings of John Locke was that all people of a society have the right to protection of the law and the right to participate in the creation of the laws. These teachings still serve today as the basics of democracy for our nation and many others that which have followed. The Declaration of Independence was divided into four parts. The first being the Preamble; The second being the Declaration of Rights; The third was a Bill of Indictment; the fourth being a Statement of Independence. The Congress felt as if the world needed to know in depth its reasons for self declaration of a new nation. The Preamble was nothing more than a statement giving the right to the colonies to make such a declaration. It in its self was a bold way of saying for all people, we as men, have been given rights by God, to live the way we want to. When any man, government or nation takes those rights away, we then have the right to separate, and become antonymous. The Declaration of Rights followed with more basic human dignities. The Right to Life, the right to defend ones self against physical attack and against an unjust government. The Right to Liberty, which included the right to religious worship and to criticize the government. And the Pursuit of happiness meant the right to own property and to safeguard it. It also meant the right to strive for personal gain as well as the good for all people. The declaration then stated that government exists to protect the rights of the people, and that governments only receive power from the people. The Bill of Indictment; a list of grievances, injustices and prejudices defined for all to see. The delegates wanted the world to know how they have been treated and that they were not going to take it anymore. The delegates expressed the necessity to change the former system of government, and that governmental abuses would not be tolerated by the people. The list included specific injustices that they as subjects had endured; to include the dissolution of colonial legislatures, delaying the election process of the new attempt of a legislature, and royal paid judges. The list continued to lay complaints about the occupation of British troops, and the colonists being forced to subsist them. Mock trials, protecting those troops, referring specifically to the Boston Massacre. Refusing to allow free trade with other countries, referring to the restraining acts of 1775. 

Using mercenaries to help fight the colonists, referring to the hired German soldiers. And for using the American Indians to control the migration of settlers to the west, willfully knowing the savage destruction of human life no matter the age or sex of the persons attacked. The list was precise and to the point, thus allowing the colonists the presumed law of God to be on their side. The final part was the Statement of Independence. Claiming that the Crown had been given loyalty, and had abused it. It reminded the British that they still believed that the blood lines came from England and that they were left with no other choice then to become separate. That fault lies only with the mother country and not with the colonies, and many attempts to reconcile were made with no avail. They gave themselves the right to declare war and to make peace. They claimed the right to establish commerce and free trade, and anything that a free and independent state may do. 

Because all appeals had failed; all petitions had been ignored; all abuses of the subjected people allowed to continue, the signers of the Declaration of Independence felt that they had only one choice. They chose, as representatives of the people, to create a new nation, without the monarchy, and without one power. They chose to tell King George III and the world that the colonies of the new world had united and created the beginning of something new. The first democracy known to the world was born. A great nation was to be formed with a new way of thinking. A collective of leadership, elected by the people, of the people, and for the people.-M

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