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Discuss the process of African Americans fighting for equal voting rights

2020-06-04 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 写作技巧

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下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 -- Discuss the process of African Americans fighting for equal voting rights,文章讲述在美国,黑人和白人之间的关系在医疗和教育等许多方面可能仍然不平等。非洲人将遭受歧视。本文将重点讨论非洲裔美国人争取平等选举权的过程。

 

Discuss the process of African Americans fighting for equal voting rights

 

Nowadays, in America, the relationship between black people and white people may still be unequal in many aspects such as medical treatment and education. Africans would suffer from discrimination yet. This paper would focus on the process of African Americans’ fighting for equal suffrage.

As for American founding constitution, it doesn’t treat Africans as human beings at all. Thus the suffrage for them at that time was out of the question. During the American civil war, on January 1, 1863, President Lincoln issued Emancipation Proclamation announcing that all of the slaves were free men (Soliman, et al., 2014). However, this order was just symbolic for the time. It was a kind of spreading and promoting so as to collapse enemies’ rear. Then after the end of American Civil War, in 1865, the parliament formulated the constitutional amendment Article 13 which is to abolish slavery. This means the true liberation of slaves in law. Then in 1868, the constitutional amendment Article 14 gives African Americans the identity of citizenship. But Article 14 doesn’t concern the racial discrimination in suffrage. As a result, in 1870, Article 15 expressly stipulates that the government of the United States or any state government can’t refuse to give or deprive the suffrage of citizens of the United States because of race, skin color or once servitude. So in theory, it is 1870 that African Americans obtain suffrage. But this was not the case. Under the federal system, state governments would be responsible for many functions of the government. Many specific provisions for voting were formulated by state governments and federal government couldn’t interfere. Thus each state, especially institutions of law system in the southern states, worked out laws to deprive African Americans’ suffrage. Those laws were mainly to set up prerequisites to voting. For example, people who must reach certain property requirements and rate payment and pass cultural tests then can conduct voters’ registration. As we know, most of black people are poor and have no culture so that those prerequisites to voting shut the door upon black people’s face. Later Grandfather Clauses further restricted those prerequisites to voting (Soliman, et al., 2014). Until 1965, Voting Rights Act passed by the parliament was the landmark. African Americans’ right to vote obtained the real implementation. Besides, on August 6, 1965, under the witness of civil right leaders like Martin Luther King who actively promotes blacks’ equal voting rights, President Lyndon Baines Johnson signed Voting Rights Act. This act abolishes those prerequisites to voting depriving black people’s suffrage. Meanwhile it puts forward that electoral laws formulated by states must receive the check of the federal government before implementation.

As a result, based on the above statement, it can be clearly seen that the movement that African Americans fight for the right to vote is a winding and endless process. Generally speaking, black people once played a very important role in American history. They made a huge contribution to American economy and civilization. But they were always regarded as people in the bottom of society so that their suffrage was deprived for a time. In 1619, the first batch of African slaves was transported to America. Then Emancipation Proclamation was published and constitutional amendment Article 14 and 15 were passed. Next Martin Luther King made a speech called ‘I have a dream’. Until the 50s and 60s, civil right movements flourish. According to all those essential steps, African Americans obtain their own suffrage after a long time. This period has lasted as many as 100 years. At present, although the status of African Americans obtains constant improvement and enhancement, there is still a gap compared with white people. Nevertheless, as long as African Americans constantly struggle, under the continuous development of American society, African Americans’ dream for total equality and power will finally come true.

 

References

Soliman, E. et al. (2014) ‘Prevalence and determinants of electrocardiographic abnormalities in African Americans with type 2 diabetes’, Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, 38,3, 178-190.

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