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Research on Female Entrepreneurship - Observation in the wind

2020-06-19 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 留学资讯

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下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 -- Research on Female Entrepreneurship- Observation in the wind,文章讲述企业家精神这个词通常属于男性词典,而女性几乎没有机会参加激烈的企业家精神竞赛。但是,现在情况正在发生变化。越来越多的妇女进入企业界。[]“女企业家人数急剧增加。”例如,美国著名小说《飘》中的女主角斯嘉丽·奥哈拉(Scarlett O'Hara)。斯嘉丽(Scarlett)在老南部度过了年轻的少女时代。她的母亲对她纪律严明,但她那明亮的绿眼睛总是背叛着她反复无常的自我。享受聚会和周围美女的人。她梦想着嫁给高贵的阿什莉·威尔克斯(Ashley Wilkes)。内战破坏了南方的黄金和平,使许多生命永久改变。种植园,宝藏和荣誉被毁。斯嘉丽因战争而成为最奇特的寡妇,随后为了继续为拯救塔拉而奋斗,她被迫第二次结婚。她与瑞德·巴特勒(Rhett Butler)的第三次婚姻也因她对阿什利的秘密,s强的恋而受到威胁。

 

Research on Female Entrepreneurship

- Observation in the wind

 

Entrepreneurship is a word that usually belongs to men’s dictionary, and women hardly have chance to enter in the fierce competitions in Entrepreneurship. However, things are changing now. An increasing number of women entered in Entrepreneurship. “Sharp rise in number of women entrepreneurs.” For example, the heroine Scarlett O'Hara in the famous American novel Gone with the Wind. Scarlett spends her young maiden years in Old South. She is well disciplined by her mother, but her blazing green eyes always betray her covert capricious self; the one who enjoys parties and the surrounding of beaus. She dreams to marry the noble Ashley Wilkes. The Civil War shatters the golden peace of the South, and leaves many lives permanently changed. Plantations, treasures, and honor are ruined. Scarlett is made a most peculiar widow by the war, and then compelled into a second marriage in continuation of her struggle for the salvation of Tara. And her third marriage to Rhett Butler is also jeopardized because of her secret, stubborn ardency for Ashley.

In the end of the story, Scarlett is left only with her Tara, a plantation which symbolizes the culture of the Old South, a place where she could ever gather her strength. But she says, tomorrow is another day, which has become famous today.

Scarlett O'Hara was not born to be an entrepreneur. She was born in a rich family in the Old South in United States of America, owning a broad Tara, lots of cattle and sheep, and plenty of hard-working slaves. Though she is the heroine in this story, it seems that she was just like any other girls in her age, enjoyed dressing up and dancing, and dreaming to marry the handsome guy Ashley Wilkes. At that time, she did not have any conscience of the danger of losing everything she had, neither did she had the idea to start her career. After the Civil War, the South all in the ruins. Her family faced great danger of starving to death. What’s worse, nearly all the men had dead in the battle. The whole family needed her to save, in consequence, she had to make a living and revitalize Tara on her own. As we can see, Scarlett started her career because of NO OTHER CHOICE. ” A research was performed to figure out the reason why women choose to entrepreneur. Qualitative research involving 25 French women entrepreneurs were used to explore case study situations. The research identified a number of situations that relate to women’s decisions to become entrepreneurs, namely “dynastic compliance”, “no other choice”, “entrepreneurship by chance”, “natural succession”, “forced entrepreneurship”, “informed entrepreneur” and “pure entrepreneur”. The findings do not reinforce the assumption that a majority of women become entrepreneurs for reasons of necessity and identified antecedents to the generalized “push”, “pull” and environmental motives.”

Scarlett not only began to be a women entrepreneur, but also tried her best to protect her Tara from being destroyed, even to marry someone she did not love. She got married to Frank Kennedy just because he had enough money to shoulder the heavy tax burden of Tara. In today’s world, marriage is a good method to finance and develop powerful alliance. “Women entrepreneurs who break through to equity financing: the influence of human, social and financial capital”.Women, at some extent, have more ways than men to use their social resource to finance.”

Scarlett came across many difficulties when she was trying to manage Tara. At that time most women stayed at home and did not go out to work. She faced with threat of other men and wished to break the order which was settled by patriarchal society, and she get the help from her good friend Melanie. Even today, women entrepreneurs have more trouble than men, but also have great influence in the world. “Female entrepreneurship has been inspired by gender equality issues. Today research and policy have been more and more fuelled by the idea that female entrepreneurs are important for economic progress. Female entrepreneurs were assumed to experience gender-related discrimination and to experience more difficulties when starting up and running a business than their male counterparts. Even when issues such as barriers and obstacles to female entrepreneurs are raised in the gender and entrepreneurship debate, this is usually done from the perspective that female entrepreneurs are an untapped resource and have potential to contribute to a country’s economic performance. Indeed, although gender equality is one of the arguments underlying the support for female entrepreneurs within the European Union, the argument that female entrepreneurs (have the potential to) contribute to economic performance continues to play a role here. The global growth of female entrepreneurship in the last decades has been accompanied by an increase in the number of studies on female entrepreneurship.”

In this story, Scarlett had become grow up. She was not the little girl who only thought about her love. She once said: As God as my witness...as god as my witness they're not going to lick me. I'm going to live through this and when it's all over, I'll never be hungry again. No, nor any of my folk . If I have to lie , steal, cheat, or kill, as God as my witness, I 'll never be hungry again. (Out of this complete defeat a new and mature Scarlett is born.) She learned to deal with different kinds of people. She became smarter and tended to do things for her own interest. In one word, she did things using her brain and braver than before. What’s more, she fought with difficulty and chased for success like men. Indeed, women entrepreneurs often have many characteristics that most women may do not have. First, women entrepreneurs may be more ambitious and more adventurous, because they always face with fierce competitions in the society. Second, women entrepreneurs’ character is mature and they deals with everything smarter, for they always deal with different kinds of people, sometimes may try to persuade them. Third, women entrepreneurs may be ‘cruel’ or coldblooded, since they might be important characteristics which an outstanding leader must have. As a matter of fact, women entrepreneurs are questioning and challenging the traditional role of women. “WHAT MEN CAN DO, WOMEN CAN ALSO DO.” This phenomena suggest that women entrepreneurs may change the impression of women group. “This stand point suggests that gender and entrepreneurship are enacted and suited practices, and show how the codes of a gendered identity are kept, changed and sometimes challenged.”

Scarlett was also a very confident and committed woman. Although she once fell in deep love with other man, but she never just put all her hope on men. She never expected that one man appeared and manage Tara for her, she only believed that she could only depend herself and only she should do everything to save her Tara, and drew support of other men’s strength. However, even in today’ s world, some women cannot make up their mind to start their own career even they know that would be good for them. The reasons why they quit the group of women entrepreneurs are not financing problem or social resource problem, they often, instead, being afraid of the secular and narrow foolish values. They may find thousands of excuses about this: “Other people say that girls should find secure jobs, starting a career is not a good choice.” “My friends will laugh at me, they may think that I start my career just because I did not find a good job.” “I do not want to challenge myself or enter in the fierce competition, I just want to have a peaceful life with my family.” “Other people will regard me as a freak.” Indeed, the whole society still has limited tolerance on women entrepreneurs, they are often in the spotlight and shoulder heavy pressure of other people especially in conservative countries. However, women entrepreneurs are not as “horrible” as some people think, women entrepreneurs make great contributions to the whole society. “’Since 1990s, economic development and technological advancement in China have given rise to a strong momentum of women entrepreneurship,’ She said at a policy discussion luncheon, which was part of the APEC Women and the Economy Summit. China now has over 29 million female entrepreneurs, about 25 percent of the national total, among whom 41 percent are self-employed and private business owners, Meng said, adding that many Chinese women entrepreneurs are engaged in high-tech industries and pay great attention to upgrading and renovating traditional industries with new technologies. Women entrepreneurs did play an important role in the world economy. If more women enter in this promising field, the power and influence of women entrepreneurs will be greater.

In conclusion, when I read the novel Gone with the Wind, I appreciate Scarlett very much. Reading the book, I see her growing up from an innocent girl to a shrewd mature woman. I feel sorry that she lost her true love because the misunderstanding of her and Rhett Butler. However, what impress me most is her spirit. She had the spirit and confident and believed that where there's a will, there's a way. When she faced with difficulty and failure, she always actively found ways to solve them. She just had a deep love for her Tara, that is, her career. At that time, most women depend on men to survive and put all their hope on men, she believed that everything could be done all by herself. Even she lost Rhett Butler, she still had Tara, she did not lost her land and her career, that is why she still have chance to start over her new life. Just as she said: “Tara! Home. I'll go home. And I'll think of some way to get him back. After all, tomorrow is another day!” Scarlett is a typical woman entrepreneur. She has many merits that women entrepreneurs should have. The brave spirit, the courage to overcome difficulty, the confidence to deal with failure, and she never chose to rely on anyone, she just tried to depend on herself. Women entrepreneurs indeed have difficulty in today’s world, but I believe that with the development of the society, they will have a bright future.

 

 

参考文献:

1、Financial Management, CIMA (2001). Financial Management, 35

2、Why women enter into entrepreneurship: An explanatory model

Muriel Orhan, (Muriel Orhan is a PhD candidate, and Don Scott is Professor of Management, both at the School of Commerce and Management, Southern Cross University, Lismore, Australia.), Don Scott, (Muriel Orhan is a PhD candidate, and Don Scott is Professor of Management, both at the School of Commerce and Management, Southern Cross University, Lismore, Australia.)

3、Carter, N, Brush, C., Greene, P., Gatewood, E., and Hart, M. (2003), Venture Capital, 5(1):1-28

4、Women And Men In Entrepreneurship

Silvia Popescu

Associate Professor, Ph.D., Economics Faculty” Titu Maiorescu” University, Postdoctoral researcher, Faculty of Management and Business, University of Bucharest, Romania

5、Negotiating Enterprising Identities: African women Entrepreneur Stories of challenge Perseverance and triumph

Julius F. Kikooma

Makerere University Kampala, Uganda

6、Women entrepreneurs play big role in China's economy: official

English.news.cn   2011-09-17 14:00:50

 

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